Chinese medicine (Chinese herbology, Traditional Materia Medica), refers to the traditional Chinese medicine theory to guide for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment or drugs regulate body functions. Process according to traditional Chinese medicine into medicine, Chinese herbal medicines. Medicine mainly originated in China, in addition to plants, animals, drugs such as gall bladder, bile, acutus, velvet, antlers, etc; shellfish such as pearls, sea clam shell; minerals such as keel, magnets, etc. are used to treat medicine. Chinese medicine derived from a small number of foreign countries, such as American ginseng. 
Why use a casserole boil medicine
The main ingredient is silicate casserole, and traditional Chinese medicine ingredients will not react chemically destroy the medicinal properties. Iron, aluminum pot boiling process is easy and medicine in a chemical reaction to produce toxins. And casserole is heated evenly, heat slowly, medicine or water can not evaporate, is not easy to paste pot.
Chinese medicine decoction should pay attention to what more
Chinese medicine decoction decoction generally 2 to 3 times, at least should be fried twice. Usually not before boiling with high heat, simmer after boiling. General head boiled and then fried fry over low heat 20 to 30 minutes, two fried boiled and then fried low heat 10 to 20 minutes.
Medicine should not be taking more overnight
Air, temperature, time and other factors make bacterial contamination in liquid enzymatic decomposition reduction effect, bacteria breeding, starch, sugar and other ingredients nutrition fermentation hydrolysis, resulting in deterioration of liquid sour, after taking on human health.
Casserole Compendium of Materia Medica
Chinese name English name of Chinese medicine Chinese herbology, Traditional Chinese medicine alias herbs, crude drugs amount to about 2,000 kinds of famous books, "Compendium of Materia Medica", "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic"
Contents 1 words concept ▪ Basic Information ▪ ▪ cited to explain the history of the ancient 2 development ▪ development ▪ future development of modern 3 Clinical research ▪ ▪ food therapy drug efficacy 4 Cosmetics book Compendium of Materia Medica ▪ ▪ ▪ local pharmacy herbal medicine popular book ▪ Cosmetics ▪ ▪ medicine Reform and Development of writings 5 6 7 tonic misunderstanding incompatibility Compatibility ▪ ▪ ▪ Contraindications ▪ side effects of this by boiling method 8 ▪ cleaning appliances ▪ ▪ ▪ boiling ▪ soaking 9 Other relevant dose Therapy ▪ ▪ four poison gas not "poison" ▪ monarch Philosophical concepts ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ general classification medicine Detection ▪ Notes ▪ scientific harvest
Term concept editor
Pinyin: zhōng yào
Phonetic: mi fa ㄨ ㄓ ㄧ ㄠ '
Similar words: medicine
Basic interpretation: [traditional Chinese medicine] medicine used drugs. 
1. peaceful drugs. San Guowei Ji Kang "health" theory: "So Shennong, saying: 'on drugs to support life, medicine cultivation' who know the honest reason for their lives, because the auxiliary support in order to pass too." Jin Zhanghua "Natural History" VII: " Chinese medicine cultivation, that Acacia Juan anger, day lily lotus "Song Xu Xuan" title Crane Temple "poem:." Sigh often too sick medicine, to be asked Scriptures beg little further. "
2. Chinese medicine used drugs, which most plants. 
Development history Edit
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
Chinese working people for thousands of years in the course of the fight against the disease, through practice, constant awareness, and gradually accumulated a wealth of medical knowledge. Since time immemorial the text did not interest, that knowledge can only rely modeled dictation, and later with the text, will gradually record, there have been medicine books. These books played a summary of previous experience and facilitate the spread and promotion of the role. Chinese medicine has a history of several thousand years, the Chinese people in their long struggle with the disease is extremely rich in lessons learned, for the prosperity of the Chinese nation has a huge contribution. Because the majority of drugs grass, so the drug will be recorded in books called "Materia Medica." According to research, Qin and Han Dynasty, herbal medicine has been more popular, but unfortunately these are herbal Wang Yi, no trace. Now the oldest known herbal book called "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic", author unknown, according to which according to geographical names, the Eastern Han Dynasty physicians may be revised from previous works.
"Shen Nong's Herbal Classic" The book is in three volumes, containing such drugs, including move, plant, mine three categories, a total of 365 kinds, each drug item download sexual taste, function and indications, ordered another example briefly describes the basic theory of medication , such as toxic, non-toxic, four gas flavors, compatibility testimonies, medication methods and pills, powder, cream, wine and other forms, can be said that the Chinese before summing up our knowledge of drugs and pharmaceutical development for the future of the foundation. To the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Liang Hongjing (AD 452 ~ 536 years) would "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic" finishing supplemented with a "Annotations of Materia Medica," a book, which adds 365 kinds of Han Wei and the following doctors used drugs called "doctors do not record ʱ?? 
Under each of the original drug not only the taste, function and indications have anything to add, and adds origin, acquisition time and processing methods, greatly enriched the "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic" content. In the Tang Dynasty, due to the development of productive forces and external transport increasingly frequent, should circumstances so require, government-appointed Li Ji, who presided over Upgrading Dow note Herbal Classic, called "Tang Materia Medica" life after Su Jing and other heavy plus amendments by 114 kinds of medicine, to significantly celebrate four years (AD 659 years) the enactment, called "Newly Revised Materia Medica" or foreign drugs have entered the drug varieties become increasingly increases. To fit "Tang new Materia Medica", the book by the then government revised and enacted, it can be regarded as the first country in the world is a pharmacopoeia. This 844 kinds of herbal drug, along with medication profiles, creating a graphic control of herbal books precedent, not only has a great influence on the development of pharmacology, and soon spread abroad; for the development of the world has made medicine important contribution. 
The above is my summary of ancient knowledge of drugs three times, after every certain period, due to the knowledge of the drug
Continuously enriched, there appears a new summary. As Song "Kai Bao Materia Medica", "Jiayou sidebar Materia Medica", are conclusive. By the late Northern Song Dynasty, Tang Shu Medical Shenwei compiled a "certified by the history of emergency preparedness class Materia Medica" (referred Syndrome of Materia Medica). He will "Jiayou sidebar Materia Medica" and "Maps of Materia Medica" merger, increasing more than 500 kinds of medicine, well collected many unilateral prescription medicine and the folk, supplemented by the history of literature, come a lot of drug information, making the book more substantial content, style 亦较 complete, revised by the government had sent three times, with the "grand", "governance", "Shaoxing" The reign, as the official line of books. Great Ming Dynasty medical scientist Li (AD 1518 ~ 1593), in the "Syndrome of Materia Medica" based on) a thorough revision, "the age of thirty calendar Nim, book test eight hundred, draft where Sany" compiled in line with the development needs of Materia Medica masterpiece - "Compendium of Materia Medica" in Li's death three years (1596) in Nanking (now Nanjing) print and publish for the first time. The book contained 1,892 kinds of drugs, more than 11,000 square attached. 
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
The establishment of the Republic of China, ending two thousand years of feudal monarchy, but China has not changed the nature of semifeudal and semicolonial society. Besides, the government years of war, social unrest, economic recession, resulting in a slow and uneven development of Chinese science and technology far behind Europe, Japan, China lost 16 centuries ago in the world's leader in science and technology generally. In the case of a large influx of Western technology and culture, it appeared in Western coexist. Accordingly, society and the medical profession of traditional Chinese medicine gradually with "Chinese" medicine, "said the modern Western medicine has thus gradually called" Western medicine "medicine." Abolish the Kuomintang government adopted the policy of Chinese medicine, hindering the development of Chinese medicine, which sparked widespread protests in the pharmaceutical industry. In the academic medical workers struggling to forge ahead, despite the difficulties, herbal medicine or pharmacy still be developed. According to incomplete statistics, Chinese existing Republic of China has more than 260 kinds of books, mostly style novel, diverse, focus on practical. Because of their discussion range, style, language, etc. differ with the traditional herbal medicine, or for popular reasons are generally not to Herbal name. Meanwhile integrated traditional Chinese medicine books and handouts more, the majority of the contents are somewhat clinical utility. The former Jiang Yubo, "Chinese pharmacology Integration" more representative. The book has Subjects, the monograph of two parts. Subjects outlines the basic theoretical knowledge about the medicine; the effectiveness of classification according to the monograph were written more than 400 kinds of aliases drugs, smell, shape, function, system of law, toxic, non-toxic, dosage, contraindications, prescription and so on. Its style and content with the former similar, but more concise and practical. As Qinbo not "pharmaceutically stresses", divided into divergent, diuresis, qi, regulating blood, warm, cold medicine and other 12 categories to be introduced, such as Zhang Shan Lei "Herbal justice", belongs to the nature of traditional medicine theory. The book discusses the combination of personal experience medication medicine herbs, function and identification, processing, boiling method, there is a good influence.
Domestic drug consumption market reality urban residents, rural is a huge potential market, pharmaceutical market capacity will be further expanded. Chinese medicine including Chinese medicine, Chinese herbal medicine, Chinese Herbal Medicine, Chinese medicine is its most important component. According to the "2013--2017 depth of China's medicine industry research and investment analysis Strategic Planning Report" statistics, China has more than 80 percent of urban residents had to buy their own medicine. Huge demand for the further development of traditional Chinese medicine industry provides a huge space.
Provinces medicine, Chinese medicine, bio-medicine "five" plan shows that most provinces and cities where the drug industry growth rate is expected to be between 20% -25%, some provinces and cities is expected to more than 30% lower than a small part of the provinces Fifteen%. In the planning forecast several key provinces and cities in Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine industry average growth rate of over 20%, of which Shandong Province with an average annual growth rate of more than 30% or, Sichuan, Jiangxi, respectively 25%, about 23%. Forecast, traditional Chinese medicine industry, "second Five-Year" period will maintain an average annual growth rate of 12 percent, the total output value of over 559 billion in 2015, but the comprehensive provinces of specific planning, medicine industry in China is expected higher than the overall growth of the pharmaceutical industry show prediction "Twelfth Five Year Plan", the annual growth rate, or up to 20% to 2015 total industrial output value of Chinese industry or will reach about 700 billion.
Clinical research editor
Many not only the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine has withstood the test of long-term medical practice, but also has been proven Institute of Modern Science. Some of the molecular structure of the active ingredients and herbs, also have wholly or partially understood. For example, the active ingredient ephedrine ephedra asthma, the active ingredient of antimalarial Changshan Changshan base, fumaric pain is the main component tetrahydro palm leaf tetradrine (tetrahydropalmatine), the main component of berberine and Cork Zhili berberine (berberine ), the main ingredient of antibacterial skullcap baicalein, the active ingredient purgative under sennoside like. In order to ensure the efficacy of drugs, Chinese working people in long-term practice, for the cultivation of drugs, harvesting, processing, processing, storage and storage, etc., have also accumulated very rich experience. Many facts prove that the ancient Han Chinese working people accumulated through long-term practice of medicine heritage is extremely rich, extremely valuable. We should cherish this great treasure house of the motherland medicine, and strive to explore, to be improved.
The Development of foreign pharmaceutical knowledge to Egypt and India earliest. Egypt around 1500 BC "papytus" (paper herb) and after India's "Ajur veda" (the life of the Vedas) have been recorded in drugs. Greek, Roman, Arab medicine in development also has a long history, such as the Greek physician Dioscorides's De Materia Medica "(pharmacy), the Roman Galen (AD 131 ~ 200 years) book" Materia Medica "(Pharmacology ), the Arab physician Avicenna (AD 980) book "Canon Mediclnae" (medicine Code) and the like are specifically pharmacological works, has a greater influence on the development of the ancient medicine.
Record food therapy "Herbal" (Tang Meng milling), according to Famine plants "Shortage of Materia Medica" (Ming Zhu Jiu), focusing on the drug identification, "Ben Cao Yan Yi" (Song Kou were yellow), focusing on drugs gun Sunburn "on artillery Sunburn" (Northern and Southern Liu Song Lei Xiao), and easy to learn reading, rake Now or clinical disease sized reference herbal variety. The Qing Dynasty, the writings WU Chun's two monographs plant: "The plant name, map test" and "plant name, map compiled expertise" come out, the former record 1,714 kinds of plants, 838 kinds of plants which are described. For each plant form, color of taste, quite detailed description of the purpose and place of origin, along with precise illustrations, with particular emphasis on plants with medicinal value research homonym, so though the drug monographs, are also an important reference value. In addition, our knowledge of ancient people also received drugs planted in many medical writings and prescriptions. Such as the Eastern Han Dynasty Zhongjing book "Treatise on" and "Golden Chamber", the Eastern Jin Ge Hong's "elbow Emergencies", Don Sun Ssu "emergency preparedness daughter to party" and "Qian Jin Yi Fang", Song Chen Shih Wen etc. compiled by "Taiping Huimin and economic Bureau", Ming Zhu Xiao et al, "Universal Relief" and so many others. These books were contained drugs and prescriptions, it has also been widely used in a lot of, with good effect. 
Diet Diet can be divided into two major categories of traditional Chinese medicine and therapeutic herbs:
1. therapeutic medicine: therapeutic medicine refers to having eating disease prevention or health rehabilitation role, also known as "edible medicine", "Herbal" or "Food and medicine," and so on. Such therapeutic medicine including cereals, fruits, vegetables, spices, animals, fish and other categories.
2. Diet Diet: Diet is formulated from having a therapeutic effect of drugs, food and spices from the diet, generally speaking, herbs can be made solely by the consumption of traditional Chinese medicine processing, but also medicines and food as raw materials, according to certain Prescription, processing and cooking together. 
Dictionary book editor
Compendium of Materia Medica
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
Li comprehensive finishing in this book and summarize the knowledge of the drugs before the sixteenth century of our people, and made great progress. He painted change drug map, revised error, according to the natural properties of the drug, divided into sixteen classes, sixty categories, under each drug, sub Shiming, Variorum, Shuji, indications, invention, with parties and related drugs term, full and clear style, with the word strict, is the history of our country's greatest works of Materia Medica, is extremely glorious history of scientific achievements. Li personally herbs in the mountains long-term, far poorer way place, over the exercise vulgar, traveled to the north and south of the drugs field visits and organize research, and with a realistic scientific attitude force provision Yu Ru's fallacy, denounced the heresy alchemist, the correct ancient Many herbal drugs in terms of variety and efficacy of error, only to "Compendium of Materia Medica," a book of all herbal reach levels far from the previous generation, the book in the early 1500s to spread the world over, has repeatedly engraved and translated into many languages, not only for the World Medical has made a great contribution to the study of animals and plants are also important minerals books. Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty Zhao Xuemin compiled "Compendium of Materia Medica", a book on the "Compendium of Materia Medica" made some positive error and added 716 kinds of medicine increased. From the Han to the Qing Dynasty, no less than a hundred kinds of herbal books, their own strengths, but it can be called a summary, only said a few books. Remaining as local "southern Yunnan Materia Medica" (Ming Lan Mao), foreign drugs specifically remember "sea medicine Materia Medica" (Don Lee martyrdom).
Where there are a variety of traditional herbal belong to 肖步丹 "Lingnan herbs recorded" Gao Yue "Tarzan drug records" more features, but also enriched the variety of drugs. Herbal greater progress, most content-rich and practical. As Qinbo not "Dietary Guidelines), the traditional briefly characterized; Yang a, Chen Zhonggui" Food for curing diseases common sense ", Roger Leopard" edible herbal medicine ", is more the voice of experience. Other aspects, such as the late Qing Dynasty by Cao Bingzhang According to Zheng Xiao Yan relegated to "counterfeit drugs identified" patch set from the "update counterfeit drugs identified", contained 110 kinds of medicine, on origin, shape, smell, and so on to discuss or compare attending for Identification of the authenticity of the pros and cons of drugs provided valuable experience. Yang Huating "pharmaceutically map test", quote herbal literature, drug varieties made a scientific research, together with patterns, there is a great reference value.
As Yang Shucheng "China Pharmaceuticals", Zhou Fusheng "updating Pharmaceutical Guide", about the content than those realistic. Then work in the pharmacy, in addition to the traditional expression, but also produced in Western medicine Huitong make. Huitong school of medicine, the use of natural science and some of the results of Western medicine and complementary medicine based sources expression, composition, efficacy and pharmacology, etc., or to explain to each other Western pharmacology; meantime depth, uneven gains and losses. In various writings, to Guo Wang, "Chinese medicine new feel," Wen Jing Xiu "Recent experimental drug study" and Ruan its hydrocarbons, Wang Yiren, Dong Keren's "Ben Cao Jing new note), and other more representative. Given the number of traditional Chinese medicine this period numerous, extensive knowledge, learning and dissemination of traditional Chinese medicine has a lot of inconvenience, so not only will read, including a class of medicine introductory song books a lot, and the new generation of Chinese medicine dictionaries. 
Greater impact in 1935, Chen Cunren compiled the "Chinese Medicine Dictionary." The book is 2.7 million words, to close drug eye 4300, naming each drug were introduced BOOKS aliases, basic, origin, morphology, properties, composition, efficacy, indications, ancient written research, forgeries, neighbor doctrine, with the application, dosage, administration Taboo, reference materials, etc. 21. Data-rich, comprehensive collection of ancient and modern about the discussion, and the accompanying drawings. It is the history of the development of Chinese medicine first large-scale dictionary. In addition to the above, is reflected in the herbal medicine or Chinese medicine academic progress, deserve special mention are: efficacy and indications are clearly open to respectively effect a more accurate representation, increasing the dose of Chinese medicine, as well as gradually with family, genus, species name represents traditional Chinese medicine group sources. During this period pharmaceutical botany, pharmacognosy has become a new interdisciplinary research plant-based medicine natural sources (classification), trait or identification, etc., and made outstanding achievements. As Zhao Yu - yellow "Chinese New this sketch Zhi", "Qi Zhou Chi medicine", "Modern Herbal pharmacognosy" and Pei Jian "Chinese Medicinal Flora", are very representative. 
The popularity of traditional Chinese medicine
Since 1927, the Chinese Communist Party leadership of the region, attaches great importance to the popularization and development of the pharmaceutical industry, in the development of drugs to combat the disease, the extensive use of Chinese medicine, has made a lot of experience and achievements. It laid the foundation for the establishment of People's Republic of China after the pharmaceutical industry. 
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
After the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, since the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese People's Government attached great importance to the pharmaceutical industry to develop a policy to unite in traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine as the core of Chinese medicine inheritance and take a series of effective measures for the development of the pharmaceutical industry ʱ?? With the rapid development of modern natural science and China's economic, cultural, education, pharmacy and therefore we have made considerable progress. From 1954 onwards, the state has planned to organize, published a number of important herbal books, including "The Classic", "Newly Revised Materia Medica", "Syndrome of Materia Medica", "outline" and dozens. Since the 1960s and a series of complex "Wu Pu Materia Medica", "Do not record", "Newly Revised Materia Medica", "Herbal Supplements" and more than a hundred species, the study and preservation of ancient herbal literature of great significance. 
Chinese medicine books
. ① Institute of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences preparation of the "Chinese Medicine Chi", the original book is divided in four volumes, the revised book is divided into six volumes, one of two volumes of roots and tubers, collection contains 206 kinds of drugs; three volumes of seed Fruit class collection contains 138 kinds of drugs; four for the whole grasses collection contains 135 kinds of drugs; five for the leaves, flowers, bark, rattan wood, resin, algae bacteria, other classes, 148 kinds of drugs were contained; six of animals, minerals, to be out. Each volume drugs are accompanied by ink drawings, photos and color graphics shine. Each pharmaceutical introduces the history, the original plant (dynamic) objects, plucking, medicine and marketing, chemical composition, identification herbs, the taste and efficacy, pharmacological effects and clinical applications, notes and so on.
②. 70's by the "National Herbal Compendium) prepared by the writing group" National Herbal Compendium "collection contains a total of 2288 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine, with more than 2,100 pieces of ink drawings. Introduced the drug sources, morphology, habitat distribution, cultivation or raising points, acquisition processing, processing, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects of taste functions, attending usage, prescriptions, etc., comprehensive, brief. Compare widely reflected the national Chinese herbal medicine resources and applications.
③. After a long effort by the Jiangsu New Medical College preparation of the "Chinese Dictionary", received a total of 5,767 kinds of Chinese carrier. Each drug was given name of the drug, sexual taste, Meridian, Indications, election party, "clinical reports, each to be discussed until 19 written. It contains ancient Chinese medicine contained in the content.
④. The primary Chinese Herbal illustrations Codification Committee compiled the "primary Chinese herbal medicine field guide," The book is 25, were contained in the 5000 kinds of Chinese painting, along with text commentary, including the base of the original plant (animal) forms, collection and processing, chemical composition, pharmacology, efficacy of taste, attending usage, dosage, notes and so on.
⑤. By the Ministry of Health, Pharmaceutical and Biological Products, Yunnan Institute for Drug and other compiled "Chinese folk medicine records," first introduced the drug more than 1200 kinds of Chinese multi-ethnic. Each pharmaceutical sub-national drug name, origin, national pharmaceutical experience, medicine testing, research and other items of information, specific description of the base of the original drug, the scientific name, medicinal part, shape and drawings, historical situation, function, and composition, pharmacology, clinical applications. In addition, Xu Guojun "pharmacognosy", Xie Zong ten thousand "Chinese herbal varieties discussed," Liu Shou "Chinese research literature summary" etc from different angles reflect the traditional Chinese medicine research, have a greater impact at home and abroad.
Since the founding of New China, the government has organized a large scale power resources survey and collect data. Most of these results are reflected in the country and throughout the history of Chinese medicine or medicinal flora, fauna and other works. It is known that there are 12,807 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine resources total, of which 11,146 kinds of plants, 1,581 kinds of medicinal plants, 80 kinds of medicinal minerals. In traditional Chinese medicine resources survey, based on a number of domestic resources development and utilization of imported medicine has made remarkable achievements, such as Rauwolfia, benzoin, incense, etc., have in domestic production. Chinese medicine resources protection, offsite introduction herbal medicinal domesticated animals and medicinal plants and comprehensive utilization of traditional Chinese medicine is also quite effective. American ginseng, Tianma, velvet, bear bile and ginseng, and so on Uncaria are typical examples of these aspects. 
Reform and Development Editor
March 1987, the Ministry of Health, the State Drug Administration jointly issued "on the strengthening of the development of Chinese medicine formulations Work", called for "Pieces of Chinese medicine commonly used to study and reform." After years of exploration, modern medicine has to take easy, absorb fast, accurate, safe, clean, easy to carry, without boiling direction. The Chinese cultural legacy in combination with modern science and technology, and Jiang Yin Tianjiang who pioneered the "single herb concentrate particles (now named: Chinese medicine formulations particles)", the Chinese Herbal Medicine by extraction, concentration, drying and other processes refined The single herb products. Chinese Herbal Medicine maintains the taste and effect, used in traditional Chinese medicine clinical diagnosis prescription formulation, adaptation syndrome differentiation, prescription changing needs, Chinese medicine is a model of innovation.
Most modern research of Chinese medicine has made noteworthy progress: ① the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine has been systematic and comprehensive consolidation of herbs, go through, made a lot of research and other anti-eighteen, eighteen anti experimental study to achieve greater results. But difficult to study aspects of larger, there are many issues to be resolved. ② Pharmacognosy identification of science and Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine in the identification of sources in addition to general, character identification, but also widely used microscopic, physical and chemical means. And identification techniques has been to achieve rapid, accurate direction with a small amount of seized goods. ③ by modern research technologies and principles of traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine school has been great development. Accordingly, many Chinese medicine processing, has been improved and standardized, and use a lot of advanced equipment and technology to improve the quality Pieces. ④ established pharmaceutical chemistry, the chemical composition of traditional Chinese medicine have been extensively studied. Most commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine defined the main active ingredient, in part to clarify the chemical structure. ⑤ established Pharmacology. For most commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine has been systematically studied pharmacology; antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-tumor, antipyretic, diuretic, blood pressure and other aspects of a large drug screening. Past unnoticed polysaccharides, tannins, amino acids, peptides, etc., has been found to have a variety of biological activity. It played an important role in elucidating the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine terms. ③ With the development of Chinese medicine, the new formulation increases, as well as improve the quality of testing and control methods, the proprietary Chinese medicine production has been toward modernization. In order to develop a unified drug standards, the Ministry of Health set up an early pharmacopoeia Compilation Committee, later renamed the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission, in 1953, 1963, 1977, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2010 has published a version of the seven " People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia. " Since 1963, USP minute "one", "two" Writing. "A" is part of traditional Chinese medicine, the main collection contains herbs, traditional Chinese medicine prescription preparations, and another legend preparations Appendix General, medicine verification methods. The collection contains herbal each edition are adjusted. 2010 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" published by three points, a collection contains herbs and Pieces, plant oils and extracts, prescription and single herb preparations, a total of 2136 kinds of species, 612 kinds of amendments. Chinese medicines content, depending on the variety and dosage forms were successively columns are: Determination of Chinese name, Pinyin and Latin name, source, prescription, production method, character, identification, inspection, extract, content, nature and owned by, function and indications, usage and dosage, attention, specifications, storage, preparation and so on. Appendix content and advanced detection methods greatly increased. At the same time, the state has always attached importance drug OF POLITICAL construction work, we have developed a number of related management practices traditional Chinese medicine, and so in 1984 the State passed the "Drug Administration Law of People's Republic of China." Enacted for the protection of people's health, development of Chinese medicine and health services, improve the competitiveness of Chinese medicines in the international market has an important significance of the Drug Administration Law.
Tonic misunderstanding editor
Myth # 1, more expensive, more fill
Some people think that the more expensive medicine more fill, often willing to spend a higher price antler, ginseng and the like traditional Chinese medicine, in fact, may not be enough tonic effect. "What is missing, make up what is" is the basic principle of tonic, Chinese medicine should not be used to divide the price of high or low level of effectiveness, the key is to select the appropriate according to their own constitution tonic, especially the elderly, should be practical as a tonic principle.
Myth # 2: The more fill
"Multi-tonic, cure, disease-free physical" argument is very scientific. Lot winter tonic, will suddenly increase the burden on the stomach and liver, making long-term weakness of the digestive organs unbearable, leading to digestive disorders.
Regardless of the actual situation
Treatment principles of Chinese medicine is "virtual who tonic ', not a deficiency, people should not tonic. Even the deficiency, there deficiency, blood deficiency, yang, yin points, but also guilty of human organs, lung, liver deficiency, spleen, kidney and so different, people in front of tonic, should check with a professional medical advice, combined with the performance characteristics of various tonic, symptomatic administration, such as hot body who is not suitable for taking ginseng, deer horn, hippocampus and other hot property drugs.
Compatibility refers to purposefully and potency characteristics required by the disease, selectively with two flavor with the use of these drugs. The occurrence and development of the disease is often complex and ever-changing, usually the actual situation and see, mixed cold and heat, and the number of disease phase, so a drug alone is difficult to balance the parties. Therefore, when using two or more drugs flavor, it must have a choice, which is proposed drug compatibility relations.
The previous application compatibility with the single herb relationship between drugs and medicine drugs called "impassioned", "impassioned" among those who in addition to a single line, the other six are talking about the relationship compatibility. It is described below:
1. The single line: the single herb that can exert the desired effect without the other is called a single-line drug aid. Such as Ginseng alone, with only the big blind ginseng treatment vitality off the card that is valid.
2. phase shall be: that the performance of the efficacy of the drug with a similar application, you can enhance the efficacy of its original. Such as gypsum with altogether can enhance the effectiveness of heat purging fire.
3. Phase make: that there is something in common with the use of drugs in terms of performance and effectiveness, and to a drug-based, supplemented by another drug that can improve the efficacy of the main drug.
4. Phase fear & kill one: that one toxicity or side effects of the drug, another drug can be reduced or eliminated. Such as toxicity raw Pinellia ginger can reduce or eliminate, so say Pinellia fear ginger. Also known as a drug can reduce or eliminate the toxic or side effects of another drug. Such as ginger can reduce or eliminate raw Pinellia toxicity, Gu Yun ginger Pinellia killing poison.
6. Phase evil: the combination of two drugs, one drug with another drug caused the original phase separation effect reduced, or even loss of efficacy.
7. On the contrary: that the two drugs in combination can produce toxicity or side effects. As "Eighteen against" Several drugs.
In addition to the above-mentioned six areas outside a single line, which can be summarized as four changes in the relationship, that with
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
The case of Wu applications: ① some drugs due to synergies and enhance the efficacy of clinical medicine is to take full advantage of; ② Some drugs may be offset against each other, weakening the original effect, medication should take note; ③... Some drugs are due to the interaction, and can reduce or eliminate existing toxicity or side effects, drug toxicity in the application or potent drug must be considered optional;. ④ some drugs because of interactions generated or enhanced side effects, belonging to incompatibility, in principle, should be avoided with the use.
Based on the above, we can see from a single herb medicine to application compatibility is achieved by long practice and understanding of the process up gradually accumulated wealth. Application compatibility is the main form of Chinese medicine drug medication. Drugs are combined according to certain testimonies, and determine a certain weight ratio, made the appropriate dosage forms, namely prescription. The development of prescription drugs combined, also higher forms of drug compatibility applications.
"The Classic Preface example," pointed out: "Do not use with the evil, the opposite person." But with the evil and the consequences caused by the opposite is not the same. Compatibility with evil drugs can decrease the effectiveness of certain aspects, but is a relationship of compatibility can be utilized, not an absolute contraindication. And "On the contrary damage, deep in phase vicious" may endanger the patient's health, and even life-threatening. Therefore, application compatibility prohibited drugs on opposite principles. Pharmaceutical industry commonly recognized incompatibility, there are "Eighteen anti" and "19 fear."
Eighte: Licorice by anti-Gan, spurge, seaweed, Daphne; Aconitum anti Fritillaria, Trichosanthes, Breit, Ampelopsis, white and; Veratryl anti ginseng, Radix, Salvia, Scrophulariaceae, Asarum , peony.
19 fear: fear Puxiao sulfur, mercury arsenic fear, Euphorbia fear litharge, croton fear cows, cloves fear turmeric, Aconitum, Aconitum fear rhino horn, teeth nitrate fear triangular, Guangui fear vaseline, the ginseng Wulingzhi fear.
Five Shu Han Baosheng Amendment "Shu Materia Medica", the first statistics on the number impassioned reference to "phase sixty kinds of evil, on the contrary are eighteen", most people called "Eighteen against" in the name of the cover from this. Phase one of the traditional Chinese medicine impassioned fear, content is as described above. But the Song Dynasty some medicine works, appear to fear, evil, anti names used chaotic situation, and the "Classic" "with fear" contrary to the original meaning. As the incompatibility of "19 fear" is presented in this case.
For Eighte, 19 fear as incompatibility, history of medicine, although compliance believe the majority, but there are dissidents, some people think Eighte, 19 fear is not an absolute contraindication; Some medical experts also believe that, In contrast with drug use, can produce a strong effect opposite and complementary. Yet, if used properly, can be more chronic ills.
Modern anti-eighteen, nineteen fear experimentally study pharmacology, we made a lot of achievements. However, due to the anti-eighteen, nineteen fear many problems involved, there are differences across the experimental conditions and methods, so that results vary widely. Most simple toxicity tests negative result or conflicting results. Early findings tend to negate; observe the gradual deepening "should not be denied," the voice getting high. In addition, experiments show that the anti-eighteen, nineteen fear side effects of drugs on the human body size, and the absolute dose and relative dose inter-related.
Overall, since the eighth anti-experimental study 19 fear is still in its early stages, it is too early to determine their choice, pending further study. Where it Eighte, 19 fear of drugs on, without sufficient basis and application experience, generally should not be used.
Contraindication to taking the medicine can be divided into five categories:
1. Chinese medicine Incompatibility: certain drugs because after formulation may have the opposite, evil phase relationship, so that they reduce the efficacy or cause adverse reactions, contraindications with the use.
2. Pregnant drug contraindications: mainly to avoid moving tires, abortion, because most of the women after pregnancy Big Chill, heat, steep profits slip diarrhea, expelling blood stasis and toxic drugs and poor tolerance, and therefore must be related drugs hanged.
3. During medication diet taboos: commonly known as diet, medication main factors in order to avoid interference when, in order to improve the efficacy, diet can be divided into two categories corresponding to a particular drug under different disease conditions diet medication, the former such as ginseng bogey radish, turtle bogey amaranth, licorice avoid chub, Changshan bogey onions, Poria bogey vinegar. The latter is required to avoid cold chronic medication, avoid sexually transmitted diseases during the heat treatment of spicy, greasy, sore carbuncle ulcers, skin disorders avoid fish, goose and spicy stimulation products.
4. decoction taboo overnight taking: Because medicine contains a variety of ingredients starches, sugars, protein, vitamins, essential oils, amino acids and various enzymes, trace elements, when most of these ingredients are dissolved in boiling soup concoction inside. Dosage is generally the first to take advantage of warm clothes half, 4 to 6 hours before serving half.
Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine