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葛根 Arrowroot (Puerariae Radix) Fen Ge Gen

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葛根

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葛根,中药名。为豆科植物野葛的干燥根,习称野葛。秋、冬二季采挖,趁鲜切成厚片或小块;干燥。甘、辛,凉。有解肌退热,透疹,生津止渴,升阳止泻之功。常用于表证发热,项背强痛,麻疹不透,热病口渴,阴虚消渴,热泻热痢,脾虚泄泻。
中文学名
葛根
别    称
葛条,甘葛,葛藤
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
豆目
豆科
葛属
野葛
分布区域
辽宁、河北、河南、山东、安徽、江苏、浙江、福建、台湾、广东等
采收时间
秋、冬二季
用    量
9-15g
毒    性
无毒

入药部位

豆科植物野葛的干燥根。

性味

味甘、辛,性凉。

归经

归肺、胃经。

功效

解肌退热,透疹,生津止渴,升阳止泻。

主治

用于表证发热,项背强痛,麻疹不透,热病口渴,阴虚消渴,热泻热痢,脾虚泄泻。

相关配伍

1、时气头痛壮热:生葛根洗净,捣汁一大盏,豉一合,煎六分,去滓分服,汗出即瘥。未汗再服。若心热,加栀子仁十枚。(《圣惠方》)
2、预防热病,急黄贼风:葛粉二升,生地黄一升,香豉半升。为散。每食后米饮服方寸匕,日三服。有病五服。(庞安常《伤寒论》)
3、辟瘴不染:生葛捣汁一小盏服,去热毒瓦斯也。(《圣惠方》)
4、烦躁热渴:葛粉四两,先以水浸粟米半升,一夜漉出,拌匀,煮粥食之。(《圣惠方》)
5、干呕不息:葛根捣汁,服一升,瘥。(《肘后方》)

用法用量

煎服,9-15g。

禁忌

虚寒者忌用,胃寒呕吐者慎用。

炮制方法

除去杂质,洗净,润透,切厚片,晒干。

生理特性

粗壮藤本,长可达8米,全体被黄色长硬毛,茎基部木质,有粗厚的块状根。羽状复叶具3小叶;托叶背着,卵状长圆形,具线条;小托叶线状披针形,与小叶柄等长或较长;小叶三裂,偶尔全缘,顶生小叶宽 卵形或斜卵形,长8-15(-19)厘米,宽5-12(-18)厘米,先端长渐尖,侧生小叶斜卵形,稍小,上面被淡黄色、平伏的蔬柔毛。下面较密;小叶柄 被黄揭色绒毛。荚果长椭圆形,长5-9厘米,宽8-11毫米,扁平,被褐色长硬毛。花期9-10月,果期11-12月。生于山坡草丛中或路旁及较阴湿的地方,或生于海拔1000-3200米的山沟林中。

产地

中国大部地区有产,主要分布于辽宁、河北、河南、山东、安徽、江苏、浙江、福建、台湾、广东、广西、江西、湖南、湖北、重庆、四川、贵州、云南、山西、陕西、甘肃等地。

相关论述

1、《本草纲目》:“本草十剂云,轻可去实,麻黄、葛根之属。盖麻黄乃太阳经药,兼入肺经,肺主皮毛;葛根乃阳明经药,兼入脾经,脾主肌肉。所以二味药皆轻扬发散,而所入迥然不同也。”[1] 
2、《本草经疏》:“葛根,解散阳明温病热邪主要药也,故主消渴,身大热,热壅胸膈作呕吐。发散而升,风药之性也,故主诸痹。”“伤寒头痛兼项强腰脊痛,及遍身骨疼者,足太阳也,邪犹未入阳明,故无渴证,不宜服。”
3、《本草汇言》:“葛根,清风寒,净表邪,解肌热,止烦渴。泻胃火之药也。尝观发表散邪之药,其品亦多,如麻黄拔太阳营分之寒,桂枝解太阳卫分之风,防风、紫苏散太阳在表之风寒,藁本、羌活散太阳在表之寒湿,均称发散药也,而葛根之发散,亦入太阳,亦散风寒,又不同矣,非若麻、桂、苏、防,辛香温燥,发散而又有损中气之误也;非若藁本、羌活,发散而又有耗营血之虞也。”
4、《本经》:消渴,身大热,呕吐,诸痹,起阴气,解诸毒。
5、《别录》:疗伤寒中风头痛,解肌发表出汗,开腠理,疗金疮,止胁风痛。
[2-4] 

中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  李时珍.《本草纲目》:中国言实出版社,2012年版
  • 2.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 3.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 4.  王国强.《全国中草药汇编》:人民卫生出版社,2014年2月
http://baike.baidu.com/view/8845.htm

Kudzu
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Arrowroot, Chinese name. Dry legume kudzu root, the study said kudzu. Autumn and winter two seasons of excavation, while fresh cut into thick slices or small pieces; dried. Sweet, acrid, cool. There Jieji fever, rash, thirst, diarrhea Sun power. Commonly used in table cards fever, item back pain, measles impervious, fever, thirst, Yin thirst, heat dysentery diarrhea fever, spleen diarrhea.
Chinese scientific name Kudzu nickname Article Ge, Ge Gan, kudzu world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline fabales families legume genus Pueraria lobata Ge species distribution area of ​​Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong and other harvest time in autumn and winter in the second quarter, non-toxic amount of 9-15g toxicity
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 Contraindications processing methods Origin 12 11 10 physiological characteristics related discussion
Medicine site
Dried legume kudzu root.
Taste
Sweet, acrid, cool.
Meridian
In the lungs, stomach.
Effect
Jieji fever, rash, thirst, Sun diarrhea.
Indications
Table card for fever, item back pain, measles impervious, fever, thirst, Yin thirst, heat dysentery diarrhea fever, spleen diarrhea.
Related Compatibility
1, when the gas headache strong heat: Health Pueraria wash, Daozhi a big cup, a combined soy, fried six points, to the dregs hours service, sweating namely recover from illness. No sweat clothes again. When hot, add gardenia benevolence ten. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
2, the prevention of fever, acute yellow drafts: Gefen two liters, REHMANNIAE one liter, half liter fragrant soy. Scattered. After eating rice every Beverage Fangcun Bi, day three. Sick five. (Pangan often "Treatise on")
3, the provision of malaria do not dye: Health Ge Daozhi a small cup serving, heat removing poison gas also. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
4, irritability hot thirsty: Gefen forty-two, first with half a liter of corn flooding, glistening night out, mix, porridge eaten. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
5, retching endless: Gegen Daozhi, serving one liter, recover from illness. ("Rear elbow")
Dosage
Decoction, 9-15g.
Taboo
Deficiency were hanged, Weihan vomiting caution.
Processing Methods
Remove impurities, washed, run through, cut into thick slices and dried.
Physiological characteristics
Stout Fujimoto, long up to 8 meters, all are yellow hirsute, woody stem base, have thick massive roots. Pinnate with three leaflets; stipules carrying, ovate-oblong, with lines; small stipules linear-lanceolate, with small petiole as long as or longer; leaflets Trifid, occasionally entire, apical leaflets broadly ovate or obliquely ovate, 8-15 (-19) cm wide, 5-12 (-18) cm, apex long acuminate, lateral leaflets obliquely ovate, smaller, yellowish above, equatorial The vegetables pubescent. Here dense; small petiole color is yellow exposing fluff. Pod oblong, 5-9 cm long, 8-11 mm wide, flat, being brown hirsute. Flowering from September to October, the fruit of November-December. Born in the hillside grass or roadside and relatively damp places, or born in 1000-3200 meters above sea ravine forest.
Place of origin
China most areas of production, mainly in Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and other places.
Related discussion
1, "Compendium of Materia Medica": "Herbal ten agents cloud, light can go real, ephedra, Ephedra is the cover of the genus Pueraria sun by the drug, and human lung, pulmonary main fur; Kudzu is Meridian medicine, and spleen. After, spleen muscles. So two herbs are Qingyang divergence, but also by the very different. "[1]
2, "Ben Cao Jing Shu": "Gegen dissolution heat febrile disease Yangming main drugs are evil, so the main Diabetes, the body hot, hot obstruct mediastinoscopy as vomiting divergence liters of wind medicine also, so the Lord. Zhu Bi. "" Treatise items strong lumbar pain and headache, and bone pain Bianshen person, full sun, evil into the Yangming yet been finalized, so no thirst card, should not be served. "
3, "Materia Medica words": "Gegen, cold breeze, the net table evil, Jieji heat, thirst stop the drug also taste diarrhea stomach fire outlook released drug San evil, its products are more, such as ephedra pull the sun. Camp thirds cold, Wei Sun Guizhi solution per wind, wind, basil scattered sun in cold table, the ligustilide, Notopterygium scattered alpine table in the sun, both said the drug also divergent, but diverge Pueraria also into Sun, also scattered cold, and different men, and non-if hemp, Guangxi, Jiangsu, defense, spicy warm dry, diverging but also detrimental to the error in the air; non if ligustilide, Notopterygium, divergence and have consumed blood camp also in danger. "
4, "The Classic": Diabetes, the body hot, vomiting, such weakness, from the chi, solutions of various drugs.
5. "Do not record": healing stroke cold headache, sweating published Jie Ji, open Cou, treatment gold sores, stop threatening wind pain.
[twenty four] 
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Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Pueraria form
Pueraria form (4)
Kudzu Featured Photos
Kudzu Featured Pictures (7)
Kudzu Atlas
Kudzu Atlas (13)
Kudzu plant morphology -...
Kudzu plant morphology -... (6)
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Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. Li. "Compendium of Materia Medica": China Yanshi Press, 2012 edition
2. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
3. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
4. Wang Guoqiang. "National Chinese herbal medicine": People's Health Publishing House, February 2014








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