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炙痲王 broil Ephedra (Ephedrae Herba) Zhi Ma Huang

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炙麻黄

 编辑
炙麻黄的其他名称:麻黄, 龙沙, 卑相卑盐草麻黄麻王, 赤根
麻黄科植物草麻黄、木贼麻黄或中麻黄的草质茎。 主治伤寒表实,发热恶寒无汗、头痛鼻塞、骨节疼痛;咳嗽气喘;风水浮肿,小便不利;风邪顽痹,皮肤不仁,风疹瘙痒。
中文名
炙麻黄
植物属性
中草药

炙麻黄编辑

1、用于风寒表症。本品辛温升散之性较强,能开泄腠理、透发毛窍,以外散侵袭肌表的风寒邪气。在发散风寒药中,其发汗作用最强,为重要的发汗解表药。宜用于风寒外郁,腠理闭密无汗的外感风寒表实证。治疗此证,麻黄与桂枝相须为用,更能增强发汗、散寒以解表之力。又因其兼有平喘的功效,对风寒表实而有喘逆咳嗽者,尤为适宜,如《伤寒论麻黄汤。本品亦可与其他发散风寒药同用,如《和剂局方十神汤,其与紫苏等药配伍。
2、用于喘咳症。本品辛散而微兼苦降之性,可外开皮毛的郁闭,以使肺气宣畅;内降
炙麻黄
炙麻黄 (5张)
 上逆之气,以复肺司肃降之常,故善平喘,为主治肺气壅遏所致喘咳的要药,并常以杏仁等止咳平喘药为辅助。对于风寒外束,肺失宣降之喘急咳逆,最宜使用本品,其发散风寒与平喘的功效,能全面针对该证的病因病理,如《和剂局方》三拗汤。对肺热壅盛而肺气上逆之喘咳,本品仍可宣降肺气以收平喘之剂,如《伤寒论》麻黄杏仁甘草石膏汤。喘咳而痰多者,尚须配伍化痰之药,如《摄生众妙方》定喘汤,其与款冬花、半夏苏子等同用。
3、用于水肿。本品利尿退肿,可用于水肿小便不利之证。因其上宣肺气、发汗解表,可使肌肤的水湿从毛窍外散,并通调水道、下输膀胱以下助利尿之力,故宜于水肿初起,而有表证者。《金匮要略》甘草麻黄汤,其与甘草同用,即可获效。如再配伍其他发汗解表药和利水退肿药,则疗效更佳,如《金匮要略》越婢加术汤,其与生姜、白术等同用。
炙麻黄图集
炙麻黄图集 (5张)
此外,本品发散风寒的作用,还可以治疗风寒所致疮疹皮肤瘙痒鼻渊鼻窦炎)、鼻窒慢性鼻炎)之鼻塞不通或流涕不止。其散寒通滞之效,尚可用于风寒痹疼及阴疽漫肿无头,皮色不变等证。[1] 

用法用量编辑

煎服,3-10g,本品生用发汗力较强,宜用于外有风寒之证;蜜炙麻黄长于平喘,宜用于喘咳(尤其是肺热喘咳)证;麻黄绒作用较为缓和,宜用于小儿、老人及体弱者。

注意事项编辑

虚喘、高血压及失眠患者慎用。
参考资料
http://baike.baidu.com/view/630079.htm

Sunburn ephedra editor
Other names Sunburn Ephedra: Ephedra, Lonza, Peel phase, Peel salt, Ephedra, Ma Wang, Akane
The ephedra plant Ephedra, Ephedra equisetina or herbaceous stems. Indications typhoid real table, no sweat fever, chills, headache, stuffy nose, joint pain; cough, asthma; feng shui edema, urination; pathogenic wind stubborn weakness, skin heartless, rubella itching.
Chinese name Sunburn ephedra herbal plant property
Contents 1 Sunburn ephedra 2 Dosage 3 Precautions
Sunburn ephedra editor
1, for the cold table disease. This product oct rise scattered strong, able to vent Cou, thoroughly scared orifices, other than scattered cold evil invasion muscle table. In the divergent cold medicine, its strongest sweating, sweating of the table as an important drug. Suitable for cold outside Yu, Cou closed secret no sweat of exogenous cold table. Treatment of this syndrome, and Guizhi ephedra phase must be used, but also enhance the sweating, cold to force the solution table. But also because both the asthma, the effect of cold table while the real against the cough asthma, are particularly suitable, such as "Treatise on the" ephedra soup. The product can also be used with other divergent cold medicine, such as "Dispensary Bureau" Ten God soup with basil and other drug compatibility.
2, for the cough disease. This product Xinsan and slightly bitter and drop it, can open fur outside canopy to allow lung Xuan Chang; within drop
Sunburn ephedra
Sunburn ephedra (5)
 Shangni gas to the complex lung Su-down of the Secretary often, Gushan asthma, lung Yonge-based treatment due to cough medicine, and often with almond cough and asthma medicine to assist. For the cold outside the beam, Chuanji Keni lung failure declared down, the most appropriate to the FDA, its divergent cold and asthma effect, can fully for the permit etiology and pathology, such as "Dispensary Bureau" three bend soup. Hyperactivity dampness and lung Shangni cough, the product can still be declared down lung and asthma agent to receive, such as the "Treatise on" hemp plaster licorice almond soup. Cough and phlegm, yet the compatibility of phlegm drugs, such as "regimen congregation recipe" Dingchuantang, with Coltsfoot, Breit, Suzi equated with.
3, for the edema. This product diuretic withdrawal swelling, edema, urination can be used for the card. Because the Xuanfei gas, sweating solution form, can make the skin of moisture from the hair orifices scattered outside, and water passage, under less force to help lose bladder diuretic, it is appropriate to edema beginning, and there are tables Permit. "Golden Chamber" licorice ephedra soup, with licorice with the use, can be effective. As further compatibility sweating relieving drugs and other benefits of water swelling drug withdrawal, the better efficacy, such as "Golden Chamber" more handmaiden surgery plus soup with ginger, Atractylodes equated with.
Sunburn ephedra Atlas
Sunburn ephedra Atlas (5)
In addition, the role of the product divergent cold, cold therapy may also be caused by HSV or itchy skin, Biyuan (sinusitis), Stuffy Nose (chronic rhinitis) of stuffy or runny. Stagnation of its cold efficiency, can still be used cold sore and numb overcast gangrene diffuse swelling without a head, skin color change and other evidence. [1] 
Dosage editor
Decoction, 3-10g, the product born with sweat strong force, should be used for the card outside cold; Mizhi ephedra longer than asthma, should be used for cough (especially Hyperactivity cough) certificate; ephedra velvet effect more moderate, suitable for children, the elderly and infirm.
Notes Editor
Virtual asthma, hypertension and insomnia patients with caution.
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Sunburn ephedra
Sunburn ephedra (5)
Sunburn ephedra Atlas
Sunburn ephedra Atlas (5)
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Reference material
1. Compendium of Materia Medica Chinese medicine. TCM Collection [reference date 2015-07-30]










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