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柴胡 Bupleurum (Bupleuri Radix) Chai Hu

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柴胡

 

(中药)

 锁定
柴胡,中药名。为《中国药典》收录的草药,药用部位为伞形科植物柴胡或狭叶柴胡的干燥根。春、秋二季采挖,除去茎叶及泥沙,干燥。柴胡是常用解表药。别名地熏、山菜、菇草、柴草,性味苦、微寒,归肝、胆经。有和解表里,疏肝升阳之功效。用于感冒发热、寒热往来、疟疾、肝郁气滞、胸肋胀痛、脱肛、子宫脱垂、月经不调。
中文学名
柴胡
别    称
地熏、山菜、菇草、柴草
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
伞形目
伞形科
柴胡属
分布区域
东北、华北、西北、华东、湖北、四川
采收时间
春、秋二季
用    量
3-10g
毒    性
无毒

入药部位

伞形科植物柴胡或狭叶柴胡的干燥根。

性味

味辛、苦,性微寒。

归经

归肝、胆、肺经。

功效

和解表里,疏肝解郁,升阳举陷,退热截疟。

主治

用于感冒发热,寒热往来,胸胁胀痛,月经不调,子宫脱垂,脱肛。

用法用量

3-10g。

禁忌

柴胡其性升散,肝风内动,肝阳上亢,气机上逆者忌用或慎用。

炮制方法

①柴胡:除去杂质和残茎,洗净,润透,切厚片,干燥。
②醋柴胡:取净柴胡片,加入定量米醋拌匀,闷润至醋被吸尽,文火加热,炒干,取出,晾凉。筛去碎屑。柴胡片每100kg,用米醋20kg。
③鳖血柴胡:取净柴胡片,用鳖血及适量清水拌匀,稍闷,待汁液被吸尽后,文火炒干,取出放凉。柴胡片每100kg,用鳖血12.5kg。

生理特性

柴胡是《中国药典》收录的草药,为伞形科植物柴胡或狭叶柴胡的干燥根。按性状不同,分别习称北柴胡及南柴胡。其生长于沙质草原、沙丘草甸及阳坡疏林下。

产地

分布于东北、华北、西北、华东、湖北、四川等地。

相关论述

①《滇南本草》:“伤寒发汗用柴胡,至四日后方可用:若用在先,阳症引入阴经,当忌用。”
②《本经逢原》:“柴胡,小儿五疳羸热,诸疟寒热,咸宜用之。痘疹见点后有寒热,或胁下疼热,于透表药内用之,不使热留少阳经中,则将来无咬牙之患。”
[1-3] 

药用植物

 胶冷杉 糖枫 海红豆 猴面包树 欧洲七叶树 石栗 凹叶赤杨
 腰果 刺果番荔枝 杨梅 槟榔 砂糖椰子 波罗蜜 杨桃
 白桦坚桦木 胭脂树 香水树 爪哇橄榄 螃蟹木 番木瓜 阿勃勒
 欧洲栗 大叶栗子 栗豆树 黎巴嫩雪松 木棉 长角豆 柠檬
 香柠檬 马蜂橙 苦橙 橘椪柑 流苏树 油棕榈 锡兰肉桂
 樟树 龙脑树  可乐果 苏丹可乐果 黄牛木 粉色黄牛木
 意大利柏木 榅桲 第伦桃 金色第伦桃 低株第伦桃 榴莲 古柯
 桉树 柠檬桉 干果桉 棉芝老桉 蓝桉 加宁桉 杜仲
 欧洲山毛榉 香灰莉 菩提树 欧纳白蜡树 银杏 买麻藤 南美弯叶豆
 八角 日本大茴香 普通胡桃 欧洲刺柏 铅笔柏 腊肠树 美洲落叶松
 欧洲落叶松 月桂 窄叶月桂 金月桂 尖叶女贞 普通女贞 东方枫香树
 木兰 芒果 茶树 白千层 互叶白千层 绿花白千层 印度楝树
 铁刀木 黄玉兰 含笑花 乳油木 葫芦肉豆蔻 兰花树 辣木
 桑树 黑桑 肉豆蔻 豆胶树 欧洲橄榄 香橄榄 露兜树
 维奇露兜树 阔叶露兜树 马来亚大风子 球花豆 非洲球花豆 树酪梨 海枣
 意大利石松 欧洲赤松 牙买加胡椒 多果香椒 乳香树 鸡蛋花 酸橙
  杏仁 扁桃 野黑樱 黑刺李 苦樱桃 欧洲李
 胶杨 杨树 银白杨 花旗松 番石榴草 草莓番石榴 小叶紫檀
 紫檀 石榴 苏里南苦木 牙买加苦木 夏栎 洋槐 白柳
 垂柳 黄花柳 接骨木 檀香 印度檀香 洋擦木 槐树侧花槐树
 欧洲花楸 安息香 药用安息香 丁香 蒲桃 罗望子 浆果红豆杉
 短叶红豆杉 可可树 东方侧柏 美西侧柏 欧椴 美洲椴 宽叶椴树
 小叶椴 英国榆 加州月桂 牡荆 安古牡荆  美洲花椒
 石灰山花椒 胡椒花椒 释迦 毒鱼豆 檫木 苦楝 木蝴蝶
 侧柏 非洲李 皂荚 白桦 墨水树 黄樟

灌木

草本植物

水生植物

多肉植物

其他植物

中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010版
  • 2.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 3.  杨卫平.《临床常用中药手册》:贵州科技出版社,2001年1月第1版 2002年9月印刷
http://baike.baidu.com/subview/36148/5739742.htm

Chaihu
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Radix, Chinese name. "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" included herbs, medicinal parts Umbelliferae Bupleurum Bupleurum dry or angustifolia root. Spring and autumn excavation, removal of stems and leaves and sediment, dry. Bupleurum is a common relieving drugs. Alias ​​to smoke, mountain vegetables, mushrooms grass, firewood, bitter, slightly cold, the liver, gall bladder. There reconciliation table, Shugan Sun effect. For colds, fever, chills and fever, malaria, liver Qi stagnation, chest rib pain, rectal prolapse, uterine prolapse, irregular menstruation.
Chinese scientific name Chaihu another name to smoke, mountain vegetables, mushrooms grass, firewood world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline apiales families genera Umbelliferae Bupleurum distribution area northeast, north, northwest, east, Hubei, Sichuan harvest time in spring and autumn-toxic, non-toxic amount of 3-10g
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Indications Dosage Contraindications 7 8 9 processing methods Origin physiological characteristics 10 11 related discussion
Medicine site
Umbelliferae Bupleurum Bupleurum dry or angustifolia root.
Taste
Spicy, bitter, slightly cold.
Meridian
In the liver, gall bladder, lung.
Effect
Reconciliation table, liver qi stagnation, Sun lift depression, cut malaria fever.
Indications
For colds, fever, chills and fever, chest pain, irregular menstruation, uterine prolapse, rectal prolapse.
Dosage
3-10g.
Taboo
Chaihu their sexual liter scattered, liver wind, the hyperactivity, air Nizhe hanged or caution.
Processing Methods
① Chaihu: remove impurities and residual stems, washed, run through, cut into thick slices and dried.
② vinegar Bupleurum: Bupleurum take the net sheet, adding quantitative vinegar mix, moistening until vinegar is exhaustion, heat the mixture gently, stir dry, remove and let cool. Weed out the debris. Chaihu sheet per 100kg, with vinegar 20kg.
③ turtle blood Chaihu: take the net entrapement slices with turtle blood and the amount of water and mix well, a little boring, until juice is exhaustion, slow fire fry dry, remove and let cool. Chaihu sheet per 100kg, with turtle blood 12.5kg.
Physiological characteristics
Bupleurum is "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" included herbs, Umbelliferae Bupleurum Bupleurum dry or angustifolia root. According to different traits were commonly known as the North and South Bupleurum Bupleurum. The growth in sandy grasslands, sand dunes and sunny woodland meadow.
Place of origin
Located in the northeast, north, northwest, east, Hubei, Sichuan and other places.
Related discussion
① "Southern Yunnan Materia Medica": "Treatise sweating Bupleurum, four days before use: if used earlier, the introduction of Yin and Yang disease, when hanged."
② "this by every original":. "Radix, infantile rickets lean heat five, all malaria chills and fever, suitable for all ages with the chills and fever after smallpox see point there, or sash heat pain, in the use of the drug through the table, not to Shaoyang heat left, then the future of the suffering no teeth. "
[1-3]
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Chaihu grass
Chaihu grass (5)
Var.parvifolium flowers
Flower var.parvifolium (11)
Var.parvifolium
Var.parvifolium (5)
Spring Chaihu
Bupleurum spring (5)
Spring Chaihu
Bupleurum spring (5)
Spring Chaihu
Bupleurum spring (5)
Chaihu grass
Chaihu grass (5)
Plants black Bupleurum
Plants var.parvifolium (8)
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Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
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Reference material
1. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
2. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
3. Yang Weiping. "Commonly used in clinical medicine Manual": Guizhou Science and Technology Press, January 2001 1st edition September 2002 print








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