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蟬蛻 Cicada Molting (Cicadae Periostracum) Chan Tui

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蝉蜕

 锁定
同义词 蝉衣一般指蝉蜕
蝉蜕,中药名。其全形似蝉而中空,稍弯曲。长约100px,宽约50px。表面黄棕色,半透明,有光泽。头部有丝状触角1对,多已断落,复眼突出,颈部先端突出,口吻发达,上唇宽短,下唇伸长成管状。胸部背面呈十字形裂片,裂口向内卷曲,脊背两旁具有小翅2对;腹面有足3对,被黄棕色细毛。腹部钝圆,共9节。体轻,中空,易碎。无臭,味淡。功能:宣散风热、透疹利咽、退翳明目、祛风止痉。
中文学名
蝉蜕
别    称
蝉退、蝉衣、蝉壳、蚱蟟皮
动物界
节肢动物门
昆虫纲
半翅目
蝉科
分布区域
辽宁以南
采集时间
夏、秋二季
用    量
3-6g
毒    性
无毒

入药部位

为蝉科昆虫黑蚱羽化后的蜕壳。

性味

味甘、咸,性凉。

归经

归肺、肝经。

功效

疏散风热,利咽开音,透疹,明目退翳,息风止痉。

主治

用于风热感冒,温病初起,咽痛音哑,麻疹不透,风疹瘙痒,目赤翳障,急慢惊风,破伤风证,小儿夜啼不安。

相关配伍

1、与薄荷、牛蒡子、金银花、连翘等同用,可用于风热火毒上攻之咽喉红肿疼痛,声音嘶哑等症。
2、与荆芥、防风、苦参等同用,可用于风湿浸淫肌肤血脉,皮肤瘙痒等症。
3、与菊花、白蒺藜、决明子、车前子等同用,可用于风热上攻或肝火上炎之目赤肿痛,翳膜遮睛等症。
4、与天麻、僵蚕、全蝎、天南星等同用,可用于破伤风证牙关紧闭,手足抽搐,角弓反张等症。

用法用量

煎服3-6g,或单味研末冲服。

使用注意

孕妇慎用。

炮制方法

拣去杂质,洗净晒干。

生理特性

全形似蝉而中空,稍弯曲。长约100px,宽约50px。表面黄棕色,半透明,有光泽。头部有丝状触角1对,多已断落,复眼突出,颈部先端突出,口吻发达,上唇宽短,下唇伸长成管状。胸部背面呈十字形裂片,裂口向内卷曲,脊背两旁具有小翅2对;腹面有足3对,被黄棕色细毛。腹部钝圆,共9节。体轻,中空,易碎。

产地

主产山东、河南、河北、湖北、江苏、四川,安徽等地。以山东产量较大。

相关论述

1、《本草纲目》:“蝉,主疗皆一切风热证,古人用身,后人用蜕,大抵治脏府经络,当用蝉身;治皮肤疮疡风热,当用蝉蜕。”[1] 
2、《药性论》:“治小儿浑身壮热惊痫,兼能止渴。”
3、《本草衍义》:“治目昏翳。又水煎壳汁,治小儿出疮疹不快。”
[2-4] 

中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  李时珍.《本草纲目》:中国言实出版社,2012年版
  • 2.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 3.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 4.  南京中医药大学 .《中药大辞典》:上海科学技术出版社,2006年版
http://baike.baidu.com/view/97420.htm?fromtitle=%E8%9D%89%E8%A1%A3&fromid=1897000&type=syn

Cicada 
Synonyms Chan Yi generally refers to free oneself
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Cicada, Chinese name. Its full shape of cicadas and hollow, slightly curved. About 100px, width 50px. Surface yellow-brown, translucent and shiny. The head has one pair of antennae filamentous, multi been broken down, prominent compound eyes, neck apex prominent, muzzle well developed, wide and short upper lip, lower lip elongate tubular. The back of the chest cross-shaped lobes, rip curl inward, back on both sides of a small two pairs of wings; ventral foot three pairs were yellow-brown hairs. Belly rounded, total nine. Lightweight, hollow, fragile. Odorless, tasteless. Function: declared scattered wind-heat, rash Liyan, back shade eyesight, chills and antispasmodic.
Chinese scientific name cicada cicada back another name, cicada, cicada shell, grasshopper 蟟 leather sector Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Gang outline Hemiptera insect families Cicadidae cicada species distribution area to the south of Liaoning acquisition time summer and autumn the amount 3-6g Toxicity Non-toxic
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 Note the use of processing methods Origin 12 11 10 physiological characteristics related discussion
Medicine site
As insect molting Cicadidae black grasshopper after emergence.
Taste
Sweet, salty, cool.
Meridian
In the lungs, the liver.
Effect
Evacuation of wind-heat, Liyan open sound, rash, eyesight back shade, Wind, antispasmodic.
Indications
For Fengreganmao, febrile disease early, sore throat sound dumb, impervious measles, rubella itching, red eyes and Yi Zhang, acute slow convulsion, tetanus syndrome, pediatric Yeti uneasy.
Related Compatibility
1, with mint, Arctium, honeysuckle, forsythia equivalent to use, can be used to wind the Heat drug upside throat swelling and pain, hoarseness embolism.
2, and Nepeta, wind, Sophora equivalent to use, can be used for rheumatism steeped skin and blood, skin itching embolism.
3, and chrysanthemum, Tribulus terrestris, cassia, Plantago equivalent to use, can be used for wind-heat upside or anger on the inflammation of the red eyes and throat, eye shade film cover embolism.
4, with Tianma, silkworm, scorpion, Araceae equivalent to use, can be used to permit lockjaw tetanus, tetany, opisthotonos embolism.
Dosage
Decoction 3-6g, or single-flavor powder blunt.
Caution
Pregnant women with caution.
Processing Methods
Pick impurities, washed and dried.
Physiological characteristics
The whole shape of cicadas and hollow, slightly curved. About 100px, width 50px. Surface yellow-brown, translucent and shiny. The head has one pair of antennae filamentous, multi been broken down, prominent compound eyes, neck apex prominent, muzzle well developed, wide and short upper lip, lower lip elongate tubular. The back of the chest cross-shaped lobes, rip curl inward, back on both sides of a small two pairs of wings; ventral foot three pairs were yellow-brown hairs. Belly rounded, total nine. Lightweight, hollow, fragile.
Place of origin
Production of Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Anhui and other places. Shandong larger production.
Related discussion
1, "Compendium of Materia Medica": "cicada, the main spa are all wind-heat syndrome, the ancients used the body, and their descendants with slough, probably cure dirty Meridian House, when using cicada body; skin sore cure wind-heat, when using cicada." [1] 
2, the "resistance": "treat children covered with strong heat shock epilepsy, and thirst quenching."
3, "Ben Cao Yan Yi":. "Cure head faint nebula shell and cook juice, rule out HSV unhappy children."
[twenty four] 
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Free oneself
Cicada (15)
Cicada Featured Photos
Cicada Featured Images (2)
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Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. Li. "Compendium of Materia Medica": China Yanshi Press, 2012 edition
2. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
3. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
4. Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. "Chinese Dictionary": Shanghai Science and Technology Press, 2006 edition





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