金银花 ，又名忍冬（学名：Lonicera japonica）。“金银花”一名出自《本草纲目》，由于忍冬花初开为白色，后转为黄色，因此得名金银花。药材金银花为忍冬科忍冬属植物忍冬及同属植物干燥花蕾或带初开的花。
总花梗通常单生于小枝上部叶腋，与叶柄等长或稍较短，下方者则长达2～4厘米，密被短柔后，并夹杂腺毛；苞片大，叶状，卵形至椭圆形，长达2～3厘米，两面均有短柔毛或有时近无毛；小苞片顶端圆形或截形，长约1毫米，为萼筒的1/2～4/5，有短糙毛和腺毛；萼筒长约2毫米，无毛，萼齿卵状三角形或长三角形，顶端尖而有长毛，外面和边缘都有密毛；花冠白色，有时基部向阳面呈微红，后变黄色，长 （2～） 3～4.5 （～6）厘米，唇形，筒稍长于唇瓣，很少近等长，外被多少倒生的开展或半开展糙毛和长腺毛，上唇裂片顶端钝形，下唇带状而反曲；雄蕊和花柱均高出花冠。
Honeysuckle, also known as honeysuckle (scientific name: Lonicera japonica). "Honeysuckle" one from the "Compendium of Materia Medica", due to open early honeysuckle white, and changed to yellow, hence the name honeysuckle. Herbs Lonicera honeysuckle Lonicera and drying the same plant with buds or open flowers. 
Honeysuckle, flowering in March, five, slightly fragrant, reddish pedicle, early flowers open the color white, after one or two days the color yellow, named honeysuckle. And because a pedicle two flowers, two flower exploration outside, pairs, inseparable, like a female and male companions, duck deemed to dance, it is duck vine said. 
This species is the most obvious form is characterized by having a large leafy bracts. It looks somewhat like the South China honeysuckle, but that kind of leafy bracts narrowly rather than fine, calyx densely pubescent twigs densely pubescent curly, and this species is significantly different. Morphological variation of this species is very large, in terms of branches, leaves hair is, the length of the leaf shape and size, and corolla, the length of proportion with the hairs and the lip portion of the barrel, there has been a great change. But all these changes seem more to be linked with the ecological environment, and did not show correlation between geographical distribution.
Honeysuckle has always been known as detoxification medicine. It Gan cold aroma, not Shang Wei Gan Hanqing heat, aroma can be reached through Quxie. Honeysuckle both declared scattered wind-heat, clear solution is also good blood poisoning, for a variety of hot sexually transmitted diseases, such as fever, rash, hair patches, heat canker carbuncle, sore throat, etc, are the effect is significant. 
Chinese scientific name Latin name honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. Nickname silver cane, rattan silver, two-color flower vine, two treasure rattan, cane, turn right, son acutum, duck cane, two flowers circles Flora door angiosperm Dicotyledon Gang Asia Gang gamopetalous Asia Division Head outline madder family Caprifoliaceae Lonicera Belong subgenus Lonicera honeysuckle Lonicera Asian species with medicinal parts with buds or open flowers medicine drug detoxification effect
Contents 1 Morphological characteristics Growth habit 2 3 4 main habitat of the economic value value ▪ ▪ ▪ merits of the medicinal value of the difference between the ornamental value ▪ 5 drugs (drug) cultivation techniques Pharmacology 6 ▪ ▪ Cutting Propagation Seed propagation pruning ▪ ▪ ▪ harvest field management ▪ pest control development process 7 History 8 Dispute
Morphological characteristics editor
Honeysuckle is a perennial semi-evergreen shrub wrapped and stolons. Twigs slender, hollow, rattan is brown to russet. Opposite ovate leaves, branches and leaves are densely pubescent and glandular hairs. Summer flowering, bracts leaflike, lipped flowers have light fragrance, outside pubescent and glandular hairs, protruding stamens and style are corolla, flowers paired axillary, early color is white, fade to yellow, yellow and white matched, spherical berries, ripe black.
Honeysuckle clean shoots reddish-brown, densely covered with brown, carried out hard straight rough hair, glandular hairs and pubescent, the lower often without hair. Leaves papery, ovate to oblong-ovate, sometimes ovate-lanceolate, thin round ovate or obovate, rarely one to several blunt missing , 3 to 5 cm long, top tip or gradually sharp, little blunt, round or slightly concave missing, base rounded or nearly heart-shaped, with rough edges hair, dark green above, pale green below, twigs upper leaves usually on both sides densely short coarse hair, the lower Ye Changping slip hairless And here with the number of gray; petiole 4-8 mm, densely pubescent.
Peduncle usually solitary sprig upper leaf axils, and petiole as long as or slightly shorter, while those below up to 2 to 4 cm, after densely pubescent, and mixed glandular hairs; bracts large, leaflike, ovate to oval, up to 2 to 3 cm, both sides are pubescent or sometimes nearly hairless; bracteoles top round or truncate, ca. 1 mm, 1 / 2-4 / 5 calyx, there are short coarse hair and glandular hairs; calyx tube ca. 2 mm, glabrous, calyx teeth ovate-triangular or long triangle, top tip and hairy, outside and edges have been densely hairy; corolla white, sometimes leaving it sunny micro base red, yellow after variable length (2-3) 3 to 4.5 (1-6) cm, lip, tube slightly longer than the lip, rarely nearly as long, outside much anatropous conduct or conduct semi rough and long glandular hairs hair, upper lip lobes blunt tip, lower lip strip and inflection; stamens and style are higher than the Corolla.
Bud is a rod, on rough up fine. Outside yellowish-white or pale green, densely pubescent. Calyx small, yellow-green, apex 5-lobed, lobes hairy edge. Open flowers tubular, apex bilabiate, stamens 5, attached to the cylinder wall, yellow, pistil 1, ovary glabrous. Gas fragrance, tasteless, slightly bitter flavor. In buds did not open, the color yellow or green and white, no impurities were better foliage. 
The fruit is round, diameter of 6 to 7 mm, blue-black when ripe, shiny; seeds ovoid or elliptical, brown, about 3 mm, the middle there is a raised ridge, flanked by shallow horizontal grooves. Flowering from April to June (autumn flowering fairly frequently), fruit ripening 10 to 11 months. 
China Plant Image Library (Institute of Botany) provide and co-edited
Honeysuckle whole plant
Honeysuckle whole plant (23)
Honeysuckle flower and fruit (15)
Growth habit editor
Honeysuckle adaptable, Xi Yang, shade-tolerant, cold strong, also resistant to drought and wet, the soil not strict, but the moist, fertile soil deep sandy optimal growth, made twice a year in spring and summer Shoot. Dense root system developed, sprout strong ground vine that is able to take root. Hi sunshine and mild, moist environment, life and strong, wide adaptability, cold, drought, in shade, poor growth. Born in the hillside scrub or woodland, rubble, mountain foot fence side street and villages, up to 1500 m above sea level. 
Geographic distribution Editor
Chinese provinces are distributed. Korea and Japan also have distribution. In addition to generating difficult weeds in North America Plaza. Honeysuckle planting areas are mainly concentrated in Shandong, Shaanxi, Henan, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guangdong and other places.
Among them, Pingyi County, Linyi City, Shandong Province honeysuckle as the main producing areas, the largest acreage, mostly wild species, has a long history of about 50 acres. Honeysuckle more wild in the wetter areas, such as river on both sides, moist hillside thickets, woodland. 
Secondly, Fengqiu honeysuckle planting 1,500 years of history, the famous physician Liang Hongjing book "doctors do not record" in a clear record. 1984 Fengqiu County honeysuckle planting area has reached 10028 acres, when the maximum amount of 25 million acquisition of honeysuckle kg, is determined as the honeysuckle production base. Fengqiu honeysuckle fine varieties, long thick buds hypertrophy, Seyan good quality, fragrant, medicinal effect is high.
The main value edit
Tree honeysuckle "Golden Flower 3" demonstration bases
Tree honeysuckle "Golden Flower 3" demonstration bases
Honeysuckle is a commonly used Chinese medicine has a long history, was contained in the "doctors do not record" as a top grade. "Honeysuckle" a beginning in the Li's "Compendium of Materia Medica" in the "Honeysuckle" item mentioned, well-established because of modern literature, has been recognized as the name the herbs, and income "Chinese Pharmacopoeia." In addition, there are "Silver Flower", "double", "two flowers", "two treasure flower", "double treasure flower" and other herbs name.
China plant as honeysuckle original total no less than 17 kinds of goods sold (including subspecies and varieties), and to present the most widely distributed species, is also the largest sales volume. Commodity ingredients mainly from cultivar to Henan "South Silver Flower" or "dense Silver Flower" and Shandong, "Dong Silver Flower" or "economic Yinhua" the highest yield, quality is the best, and marketing the country and exported. Wild species from Eastern, Central and southwestern provinces, collectively, "Lonicera" or "the Silver Flower", generally homegrown, also a small amount of redeployment. Because medicine in short supply, many regions are active in the introduction and cultivation, honeysuckle areas become increasingly expanded. 
In medicine flowers, significant economic benefits: in between sets herbs honeysuckle row planting patterns can make economic efficiency improved significantly. Honeysuckle licorice interplanting growth stage, its economic benefits and the above analysis is basically the same. Meanwhile licorice through fertilization, watering management, honeysuckle derive sufficient nutrients and thrive. The first annual harvest honeysuckle 20kg, price 35 yuan / kg, mu income 700 yuan. The second year of harvest honeysuckle 60kg, mu income 2000 yuan, plus income on interplanting liquorice, benefits are considerable. Honeysuckle entered a third year high yield of dried flowers per mu 150 ~ 200kg, efficiency up to 5000 yuan. At the same time its row with a certain degree of concealment for hi wet, shade of Pinellia growth provides a natural living conditions, so Banxia growing well, efficiency can be imagined, it can be said to serve multiple purposes.
Honeysuckle wide range of medicinal value and health care purposes, to bring unlimited business opportunities. State Department of Commerce, Nanjing Institute of wild plants using modern science and technology, research and development of honeysuckle tea, product Qiaoxiao Hong Kong, Singapore and the United States. Medical raw material with honeysuckle extract "chlorogenic acid" price up to more than 1000 yuan per kilogram, in the domestic market is still a popular commodity in short supply. Honeysuckle may not be processed, bake tan direct exports dry goods, China's annual export volume amounted to tens of millions of honeysuckle. 
Yu Feng One honeysuckle
Yu Feng One honeysuckle
Honeysuckle since ancient times for its medicinal value widely famous. Its main effect is detoxification, attending febrile disease, fever, hot sera dysentery, ulcer boils and other drugs. Modern studies have shown that honeysuckle chlorogenic acid, luteolin glycosides and other pharmacologically active ingredient of hemolytic streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, and other pathogenic bacteria and viruses and other upper respiratory tract infections have a strong restraining force, in addition but also enhance immunity, anti-pregnancy, liver, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, hemostatic (blood clotting), inhibition of intestinal absorption of cholesterol, its clinical use is very extensive, it can be compatible with other drugs for the treatment of respiratory tract infections, bacteria dysentery, acute urinary tract infections, high blood pressure and more than 40 kinds of diseases.
Honeysuckle cold, sweet, lungs, heart, stomach, clearing and detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, tonic treatment efficacy of wind, attending under fullness disease, febrile disease fever heat toxin carbuncle ulcers and tumors embolism. Its for dizziness dizziness, dry mouth for thirst, sweating boredom, enteritis, dysentery, measles, pneumonia, encephalitis, meningitis, acute mastitis, septicemia, appendicitis, skin infections, ulcer boils, erysipelas, mumps, suppurative tonsillitis and other diseases have a certain effect.
Honeysuckle vine boil water after the child eczema and other skin itching have some therapeutic effect on a variety of livestock to disease bacteria, virus inhibition in animal breeding process if we add a certain amount of honeysuckle vine leaves (honeysuckle) powder or boiling water, the prevention and treatment of animals febrile disease, fever, common cold, throat inflammation, pneumonia, diarrhea, swollen ulcer, erysipelas, cellulitis embolism have a very good effect. With forsythia, Radix honeysuckle soup fried treat mumps; honeysuckle tea can Qushu eyesight; forsythia honeysuckle cold soup treat exogenous fever cough. While honeysuckle, chrysanthemum, licorice bellflower and add boiling water 10 minutes, Hou cold, when the beverage drinking, treat pharyngitis and tonsillitis.
Honeysuckle preparations have been produced "Yinqiaojiedu film", "silver porn", "silver yellow injection" and so on. "Honeysuckle" honeysuckle by distillation of aromatic volatile oil and slipped out of the water-soluble substance, to yield clear fire detoxification, can cure children Taidu, boils, fever gulp embolism; summer season for tea, energy Governance warm pox fever, bloody diarrhea and so on. Stem vine called "honeysuckle", but also for medicinal purposes. Active ingredient honeysuckle chlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid. This is a secondary substance produced during the metabolism of plants, which depends not only on the level of content of plant species, and may be affected by the ecological climate, soil, geographical conditions and phenology largely. 
Honeysuckle tea has a unique slimming feature, but also inhibit and kill pathogens throat, the elderly and children have anti-infective effect. Often taking honeysuckle decoction soak in favor of wind, fire, or red eyes, sore throat, obesity, liver fever and liver heat hypertension treatment and rehabilitation. 
The difference between the pros and cons
Honeysuckle extensive medicinal value and health purposes, social demand. Honeysuckle Coupler different medicinal effect is different. Here's how to identify the pros and cons of honeysuckle.
Lonicera plant honeysuckle flower buds, cold and sweet. Most areas of China are produced, and the largest output in Shandong, Henan, but the quality of the production of the best, for the authentic origin. Honeysuckle detoxification, evacuation wind-heat, cooling Zhili, lowering blood pathogenic fire, eliminate the effect of the pharynx and diaphragm. Henan honeysuckle cheap on the market posing the origin of the problem is relatively large, it is recommended to buy well-known brand manufacturers of honeysuckle. Governance febrile disease, fever, hot sera dysentery, carbuncle ulcers, swollen poison, scrofula, anal fistula. Gas fragrance, tasteless, slightly bitter flavor. Since the beginning of the open honeysuckle white, and changed to yellow, hence the name honeysuckle.
Fineness better honeysuckle better efficacy, value is also higher, therefore, we need to learn to distinguish. Let's look at how to identify different fineness of honeysuckle.
Honeysuckle merchandise and other national standards are divided into four:
First: dry goods, bud was like holding on rough up fine, slightly curved surface green and white, thick corolla slightly harder, grip the Covered feel; Gas fragrance, sweet and slightly bitter. Open flowers, buds and yellow striped rupture does not exceed 5%. No black stripes, black, foliage, impurities, moth-eaten, moldy;
Second: the first class is basically the same, only less than 5% open flowers. Rupture buds and yellow shall not exceed 10%;
Third: dry goods, bud rod-shaped, rough up fine, slightly curved surface greenish white or yellowish-white, corolla thick hard, hold the Covered feel. The faint scent, sweet and slightly bitter. Open flowers, black does not exceed 30%. No leaves, impurities, moth-eaten, moldy;
Four and so on: dry goods. Buds or open flowers both, regardless of color. Leaves no more than 3%, no impurities, moth-eaten, moldy. Only those who know how to identify honeysuckle, before you can buy to ensure good honeysuckle, so as to better treat the disease.
Early febrile disease: often associated with; forsythia, mint, pale Dougu equivalent to use, with detoxification, the role of wind-dispersing solution table can be used to initial febrile disease, fever, micro aversion to cold cold, mouth slightly thirsty, as Yinqiaosan;
Ulcer drug boil: often with dandelion, purple to the small, wild chrysanthemum equated with, can enhance the detoxification effect, can be used to boil ulcer drug, swelling and pain, such as Wuweixiaoduyin.
Mid febrile disease: often and skullcap, gardenia, gypsum, Zhuru, reed rhizome equivalent to use, with detoxification, thoroughly evil out, vomiting and stomach action, can be used to obstruct evil heat resistance, Stomach discord, fever, irritability, Xiongge nausea, retching, thirst, red tongue dry, pulse a few slip.
Dysentery: often associated with berberine, red peony root, woody, purslane equivalent to use, with heat treatment intestine, stagnation and blood effects, can be used to damp heat resistance, intestinal collateral damage lipid membranes, diarrhea, sepsis, blood than pus, abdominal pain, tenesmus.
Phytophthora dysentery: often with Rehmanniae, red peony, Dan, berberine, Treats, Pulsatilla equivalent to use, with detoxification, cooling Zhili effect, can be used to Immunotoxin invasion stomach, and blood pump end, dysentery fresh purple pus , strong heat, thirst, irritability and even coma and delirium.
Prescriptions name: The crude drug to write Yinhua, two flowers, double flowers, honeysuckle, two treasure flower, honeysuckle, flower Henan, Shandong and flowers; write fry with fried medicine honeysuckle, double flowers fried, fried honeysuckle; with charcoal medicine Write Yinhua charcoal, charcoal and other two flowers.
Dosage: crude drug 10 ~ 30g; speculation medicine 10 ~ 20g; charcoal medicine 10 ~ 15g.
① prevent encephalitis, meningitis: honeysuckle, forsythia. Daqing roots, reed rhizome, licorice 15g. Decoction behalf of the tea, one day, and even served three to five days. ("Jiangxi herbs")
② rule lunar air temperature, warm, warm early winter, but heat is not chill Erke By: forsythia 50g, Silver Flower 50g, bitter bellflower 30g, mint 30g, bamboo leaves 20 fast, raw licorice 25g, Nepeta ear 20g, Semen 25g, Arctium 30g. The pestle as a casual, each serving 30g, fresh reed root soup decoction. ("Warm Diseases identified" Yinqiaosan)
③ dysentery: honeysuckle (into the copper pots, baking dry-existence) 25g. Red dysentery with Baimi water transfer service, to scour sand sugar transfer service. ("Hui Tong experience straight party" Lonicera bulk)
④ rule hot shower: honeysuckle, vine Bodhisattva, the day coriander, laevigata root, rhizome each 50g. Shuijianbi daily, five to seven days for a course. ("Jiangxi herbs")
⑤ treatment of biliary tract infections, wound infections: honeysuckle 50g, forsythia, Daqing root, skullcap, wild chrysanthemum 25g. Shuijianbi day one. ("Jiangxi herbs")
⑥ cure sore Tongshen, discoloration Zihei by: honeysuckle even foliage (file) 100g, Astragalus 200g, licorice 50g. On fine-cut, with a liter of wine, into the pot with the bottle, closed, heavy soup cooked within three, two hour out, to the dregs, of Dayton clothing. ("Living law confidential" Honeysuckle sore back scatter)
⑦ cure all swollen poison, do not ask do not collapse has collapse, or the beginning of the heat, and boils it poison, Houbi milk moth: honeysuckle (with stems) natural juice bowl, fried eighth clothes, putting in sediment , sepsis Torrey, bulk gas and blood, its power alone win. ("Charitable Church experience side")
⑧ cure ulcer hair back since the beginning: honeysuckle 250g, ten bowls of water, fry two bowls, the angelica 100g, with fry bowl, a stretch of service. ("Cave Austria aims to" return to flower soup)
⑨ cure all internal and external carbuncles: honeysuckle 200g, licorice 150g. Decoction Dayton clothing, wine drinkers can decoction. ("Medical Heart Awakening" Honeysuckle soup)
⑩ treatment of colorectal carbuncle, hand can not press, bend the right foot without extension: honeysuckle 150g, angelica 100g, Burnet 50g, Radix 50g, Scrophulariaceae 50g, licorice 15g, barley 25g, Scutellaria 10g. Decoction. ("Cave Austria aims to" bowel drink)
Due to prostrate growth honeysuckle climbing ability than the ability to grow, it is more suitable for forest, forest edge, building on the north side, etc. do be cultivated; you can also do green parapet; also can take advantage of its ability to produce flowers gallery wrapped, flower, flower fields, style and wound rockery and so on. The advantage is vine growing large, extensive management, the drawback is the vine twining vine, uneven ground cover, people feel disorganized. 
Drugs (poison) Pharmacology editor
Honeysuckle flooding was fed on rabbits, dogs and other no obvious toxicity, respiration, blood pressure, urine output had no effect. Mice were injected subcutaneously extract LD50 of this product 53g / kg. Chlorogenic acid has allergens, can cause allergic reactions, but no such oral response, due to chlorogenic acid secretion into the small intestine can no allergenic activity of substance. Hemolysis test results showed that: 0.1 ~ 0.5mL steam drying products are no hemolysis phenomenon within three hours; sun-dried goods 0.1 ~ 0.5mL hemolysis occurs immediately after dosing; Guizhou Lonicera 0.1 ~ 0.5mL are within 3 hours no hemolysis; Henan honey Yinhua pH6.0 when 0.1 ~ 0.3mL no hemolysis; Shandong Jinan Yinhua: 0.1 ~ 0.5mL were three hours without hemolysis. LD50 order of five kinds of materials are: honey Yinhua <Franciscan Yinhua <steam drying product <Guizhou commodity, macranthoides steam drying product is non-hemolytic, born sun hemolytic, pretending injection materials must be used steam drying product. 
1, the original microbial resistance: In vitro experiments showed that flowers and vines on a variety of pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic streptococcus, E. coli, Shigella, Vibrio cholera, typhoid bacillus, paratyphoid bacillus etc. There are certain inhibitory effect on pneumococcus, meningococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is also effective. Flooding agent stronger than the decoction, leaves decoction decoction is stronger than spend. If the combination and forsythia, antibacterial range also complementary; combined with penicillin, can enhance the antibacterial effect of penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which may be in inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis in vivo on a synergistic effect.
2, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect: intraperitoneal injection of honeysuckle extract 0.25g / kg, can inhibit the rat carrageenan of swollen feet. Another report honeysuckle injection 30 ~ 40g / kg egg white can reduce the degree of swollen feet. Intraperitoneal injection of honeysuckle extract 8g / kg, 2 times / day for six days, on rat croton oil granuloma sac, there was a marked anti-exudative and anti-proliferative effect. Early reports have a significant antipyretic effect honeysuckle, but with the cholera vaccine, potato subtilis, infusions, etc. to the rabbit ear vein injection, pyrogenic, unconfirmed honeysuckle decoction 5g / kg orally have cooling effect, that this possible and tolerability of different formulations used honeysuckle, or rabbits dose related.
3, to strengthen the role of immune function: honeysuckle decoction diluted to 1: 1280 concentration, able to promote leukocyte phagocytosis. Intraperitoneal injection of honeysuckle injection, but also significantly promote the role of inflammatory phagocytosis.
4, the central excitatory effects: electric shock by a variety of experimental methods, cage and other evidence after oral administration of chlorogenic acid, which can cause rats, mice and other animals of the central nervous system stimulant, caffeine and its intensity is 1/6, two recipients with no sum and enhancement.
5, lipid-lowering effect: Rats were honeysuckle 2.5g / kg can reduce the intestinal absorption of cholesterol, lowering plasma cholesterol levels. In vitro experiments also found that the combination of honeysuckle and cholesterol, but Simiao An soup (honeysuckle, Scrophulariaceae, angelica, licorice) in treatment of rabbits atherosclerosis. Not observed and the aortic wall cholesterol lowering effect.
6, anti-endotoxin: Limulus test method using internal measurement toxin content, 300% honeysuckle (Lonicera) injection of 1: 2 to one sixty-four diluted in vitro test whether concave plate method or the tube method, were significantly lower in the test solution The endotoxin content, with 1: 2 to 1: 8 dilution tube and negative control tube as in liquid form, the positive control was gelatinous. Honeysuckle (Lonicera) distillates 6g / kg intravenously within Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxin mutual 2.8mg / kg iv induced rabbit body temperature drops and the decline in the number of white blood cells have antagonism, honeysuckle (Lonicera) distillates 7.5g / kg or injection liquid 2.5g / kg intraperitoneal injection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxin within 65mg / kg intraperitoneal injection in mice has a protective effect, reducing the mortality rate of mice.
7. Other effects: In vitro screening experiments had reports of water and wine honeysuckle extract on sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich ascites carcinoma obvious cytotoxicity. Honeysuckle extract on experimental gastric ulcer of oral mild preventive effect. High dose of chlorogenic acid can increase the stomach and intestines, promote secretion of gastric juice and bile. Chlorogenic acid and its decomposition products on rat uterine stimulant. Furthermore, chlorogenic acid also slightly enhance the pressor effect of epinephrine and norepinephrine on cats and rats, but had no effect on the cat's eye blink response.  
Cultivation Technical Editor
Honeysuckle adaptability to the soil and climate of choice is not critical, with thick sandy loam soil is best. Hillside, terraced, weir, dam, barren hills can be cultivated. Reproductive available sowing, cuttings and sub-root and other methods.  In the current year new branches bud blossom. Strict requirements on the soil, acidic, saline could grow. Developed root, rooting ability, is a good solid soil water conservation plants, hills, embankments, etc. can be planted, so Nongyan say: "waterlogged crops dry dead grass dead, frozen to death pomegranate melon sunburn, does not affect honeysuckle. " 
April planting, soak the seeds in warm water for 35 ~ 40 ℃ 24h, remove the bar 2 to 3 times the wet sand germination, etc. gap of around 30 percent when planting. On the stretch of row spacing 21 ~ 22cm ditching planting, soil 1cm, water once every two days, more than 10 days to emergence, the second in the spring or autumn transplanting, seed per 1h㎡ about 15kg. 
Usually during the rainy season. In the summer rainy weather, choose healthy pest-free 1 to 2 years old branches cut into 30 ~ 35cm, put off the lower part of the leaf for cutting, with the cut with the use. On the chosen land, according to the spacing 1.6m, 1.5m spacing digging, hole depth 16 ~ 18cm, 5 to 6 per hole cuttings dispersed form the inner oblique buried, the ground is exposed 7 ~ 10cm, so, fill Soil compaction (air permeable good sandy soil is better). 
We should pay attention to the root before cutting branches open shade, avoid direct sunlight cause dry branches. May also be cuttage; in July to August, according to the spacing 23 ~ 26cm, trenching, about 16cm deep, spacing 2cm, the cutting obliquely into the ditch stand, fill compacted to ventilation good permeability The sandy soil of the nursery soil, roots and the fastest, and not easy to be against bacteria causing decay branches. After transplanting spray water again, after drought, watering every two days 1 times, about half that is able to take root, the second in the spring or autumn transplanting.
After pruning the leaves fall to the spring before germination were generally prosperous sticks light cut, strong shear weak branches, ulterior motives are cut, pay attention to grow new branches after pruning to be advantageous when the air and light. On thin branches, withered old branches, groups, and all other cut branches of fertilizer to poor land heavier pruning, plant age aged cut old branches, trigger a new branch. Young plants to develop plant type-based, lighter cut, mountain plots planted generally stay four to five main branches, the plain land to stay 1 to 2 main branches, the trunk to cut the top a little to increase crude upright.
Plastic is a combination of pruning carried out, based on the principle basis for the fertilizer and water management, the overall promotion, full use of space, increasing the amount of foliage, so plant type is more reasonable, and can significantly increase spend productive. Prune after flowering time is relatively concentrated, easy harvesting and processing, usually after cutting of branches upright, remove thin branches and basal shoots in favor of the formation of new flowers. Defloration after the cut, after cut once available nitrogen topdressing, pouring water, prompting Xiacha flower early onset, so close four times a year to spend, on average per 667 square meters can produce Dried 150 ~ 200kg. 
Dressing: the first 1 to 2 years after planting, the honeysuckle plant development of stereotypes, some of Ren Chufen Dorsch, ash, urea, potassium and other fertilizers. 2 to 3 years after planting, early spring each year, should be applied miscellaneous livestock manure, manure, cake, superphosphate and other fertilizers. The first crop of flowers after harvest should recover the right amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizer, provide sufficient nutrients to Xiacha flowers. After a year in early spring bud harvested when the first flower and open-loop trench watering human waste and fertilizers. Each fertilizer 250g, fertilization promoted the order of honeysuckle vegetative growth are: urea + ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, urea, ammonium bicarbonate, which urea + ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, urea can significantly improve the yield honeysuckle, combining nutrition and reproductive growth conditions and fertilization costs, fertilizer to topdressing urea + ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (150g + 100g) or 250g of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer as well. 
The best time is early morning harvest honeysuckle and morning, when the harvest is not easy to open buds, nutrient feet, smell strong, good color. Harvest should be in the afternoon the sun goes down before the end, because of the open honeysuckle constrained by the light, the sun behind mature buds should open and affect the quality. Within the basket without the young bud, without leaves, postharvest edited or bamboo into strips, can not concentrate when stacked in piles, you should spread out place, place the longest time not more than four hours.
Honeysuckle flower buds better commodities, mixed open flower or leaf stem mass impurities were relatively Johnson. Bud mast, color plainer, the better grip and clean person. May and June harvest, choose sunny morning dew removal of buds just dry, placed in Luxi, dolmen or male open field drying or ventilation dry in 1 to 2 days to dry as well. Do not flip when the sun flower, black and otherwise reduce the quality of color, to 90% dry leaves to pick impurities can. Avoid exposure to the sun. Cloudy may Weihuo drying, but color darker, as dried or dried better. 
Honeysuckle leaf spot introduction
Honeysuckle leaf spot introduction
Leaf spot: common leaf diseases cause plants are growing weak. More in the growth of late onset 8 to September is the peak incidence at the onset of heavy rain and wet conditions. Early onset form small brown spots on the leaves, brown circular lesion enlarged or irregular spots. Gray and black spots on the back of birth mold shaped, the incidence of heavy, make the leaves fall off. Control methods: cut off diseased leaves, then with 1: 1.5: 200 ratio of Bordeaux mixture spray once every 7 to 10 days, for 2 to 3 times: 65% or zineb 500 times dilution or Topsin 1000 ~ 1500-fold dilution, 1 spray every seven days, for 2 to 3 times.
Powdery mildew: the onset of warm, dry or heavy plant under shade conditions; too much nitrogen fertilizer, lush plants, the incidence is also heavy. The early stages, produce white dots on the leaves, gradually expanded into a white powder spots, continues to expand covered the whole leaf, causing the leaves yellow, shrinkage deformation, and finally lead to falling, leaves, branches dry. Control methods; Qing Yuan handle sick plants; the occurrence of 50% thiophanate 1000 times or BO-10 spray biological system.
Aphids: damage leaves, twigs, leaves and buds cause curling, growth stopped, production plummeted. 4 to 6 months pests heavier, "the beginning of summer" before and after, especially rainy days, spread faster. Control methods: by 40% from 1000 to 1500 times dimethoate diluent or off pine aphid (Aphis off Spirit) from 1000 to 1500-fold dilution Pensha, repeatedly, until the kill.
Looper: The crop of flowers larvae nibble blades, causing cuts. Control methods: After the spring, digging around the plant within one meter off the pupae. Early larvae, spray 2.5% rotenone EC 400 ~ 600 times; or dichlorvos, trichlorfon Pensha, but flowering to stop spraying. 
Anthrax: Leaves nearly circular spots, with students when wet sticky substance orange-red spots on the leaves. Control methods: remove the diseased leaves stubble, concentrated fire; before transplanting with a 1: 1: 150 to 200 Bordeaux mixture Soaking 5 to 10 minutes; onset of spraying 65% zineb 500 times or 50% tuzet 800 ~ 1000 times.
Beetles: the plant after the victim, gradually withered aging and death. Control methods: The adult unearthed, with 80% trichlorfon 1000 times perfusion spend pier. In the spawning peak 7 to 10 days spray 1 times 90% trichlorfon crystal 800.1000; found worms branches, cut burned; if wormholes, stuffed 80% of cotton wool soaked in liquid dichlorvos, with clay seal, kill larvae. 
Development history Edit
"Shen Nong's Materia Medica" set: "honeysuckle cold sweet, clearing and detoxifying, cooling blood stasis effect, attending exogenous wind-heat, blast early, sore boils poison, pain, swelling, pus and blood will," and so on.
"Compendium of Materia Medica" honeysuckle discussed in detail with the "Jiufu light-weight, longevity" effect. 1980s, the Ministry of Health has conducted honeysuckle chemical analysis results showed that: Honeysuckle contains many essential trace elements and chemical composition, while the human body contains a variety of beneficial active enzyme substances, has anti-aging, anti-cancer, a good effect Qingshenjianfei fitness.
The earliest record found in cultivated honeysuckle Song "Su Shen recipe inside John," which said: "The court can shift between the root bar to emergency preparedness." County also recorded in many places, such as two years of the Qing dynasty, "Fee County," said: "There are yellow and white flower named honeysuckle, between the past have, however, taken to tea, to the early Jiaqing, Business trafficked to his office, not a few years ...... Mae planting hill angle of water several times." From this, honeysuckle has a long of cultural history.
1984 State Administration of TCM will be identified as one of 35 kinds of expensive medicines, and later was determined to be drug and edible varieties. Honeysuckle long history of medicinal, as early as 3,000 years ago, our ancestors began to use it to prevent disease, in the "doctors do not record" was listed as the top grade.
August 12, 2014, deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection to prevent corruption in their room Lu Qun real name Sina microblogging "Censor-in-transit," said the National Committee of the Chinese pharmacopoeia southern heritage thousands of years "Honeysuckle" was renamed "Hill Yinhua "After tens of millions of people to cause significant economic losses. Lu Qun alleged this is not an academic issue on the surface, in the middle shady existence, for which the State Food and Drug Administration to report real name.
Food and Drug Administration units directly under the General Administration of the State Pharmacopoeia Commission yesterday in a statement on its official website to hang out again to explain: on "Honeysuckle" and "Hill Yinhua" classification problems, the following statement: "Honeysuckle" as the name of the drug first appeared in the Southern Song "Lu crags Materia Medica. " "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" since the beginning of 1963 edition reproduces honeysuckle, 1963 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" provisions for medicinal honeysuckle plants is only one source, namely plant Lonicera Caprifoliaceae dry bud. 1977 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" standard income in honeysuckle other three plant sources, are Lonicera (honeysuckle South China), and hair style red gland honeysuckle Lonicera. The investigation then pharmacopoeia technical file, since the just-concluded "Cultural Revolution", pharmacopoeia work belongs to the early recovery, the additional three sources could not find any research data to support their income loaded Pharmacopoeia.
Given the practice of honeysuckle, mountain Yinhua medicinal herbs differences in history, sources, properties, chemical composition, etc., through professional committee approval, 2005 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" will honeysuckle Lonicera breakdown and directory into the pharmacopoeia. Honeysuckle plants is Lonicera Caprifoliaceae dry bud. Lonicera There are four kinds, namely "red gland honeysuckle" "honeysuckle South China", "macranthoides" "fulvotomentosa." After the 2005 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" promulgated, food and drug supervision departments issued a document and the actual use of honeysuckle or Lonicera requirements through various forms of enterprise should be clearly indicated in the prescription, to ensure that consumers get accurate drug information in the purchase of drugs ʱ?? In order to guide growers reasonable planting, the media has done a number of areas related to science knowledge reported. 
According to Henan, a pharmacy experts, and honeysuckle Lonicera not much difference in potency. Honeysuckle, also known as "two flowers", the first time, is honeysuckle Lonicera Caprifoliaceae mainstream varieties, there is no classification. For the same potency in the country, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan and other places also with honeysuckle Lonicera Branch, hair style red gland honeysuckle and honeysuckle Lonicera like as a medicine, and is widely used. In 1977, the state in the development of pharmacopoeia, taking into account the actual situation in the country of drugs, including more than recognition of honeysuckle these four varieties. The experts believe that, in fact, these types of plant origin in clinical similarity, can replace each other, such as detoxification, in effect, the differences are not so great.
In 2005, the state authorities believe Caprifoliaceae Lonicera and several other still there are differences, mainly in the chemical constituents, pharmacological research, it retained only in the honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae honeysuckle standards, the other three kinds of classified Lonicera ʱ?? The main origin of honeysuckle Shandong Yimeng Mountain, Linyi and Fengqiu Henan and other places.