附注：同属植物宁夏枸杞L. barbarum L.的根皮，亦作地骨皮用。
根皮含桂皮酸（Cinnamic acid）和多量酚类物质、甜菜碱（Betaine）．尚分离得柯碱A（地骨皮甲素，Kukoamine A）、枸杞素A （Lyciumin A）、枸杞素B（Lyciumin B）、β-谷甾醇（β-Sitosterol）、亚油酸（Linoleic acid）、亚麻酸（Linolenic acid）、卅一酸等．
生物碱：甜菜碱（betaine)，苦可胺（kukoamine)A及用于免疫调节，剂，杀病毒剂，肿瘤抑制剂等的1，2，3，4，7，-五羟基-6-氮杂双环[3。3。0]辛烷（1，2，3，4，7-pen-tahydroxy-6nitro-bicycol[3,3,0]-octane)和1，4，7，8-四羟基-6-氮杂双环[3，3，0]辛烷（1，4，7，8-tetrahydroxy-6-nitrobicycol[3,3,0]-octane)。又含抗肾素作用兼抗血管紧张素Ⅰ转变酶活性作用的枸杞环八肽（lyciumin)A和B[4，5]。还含具抗血管紧张素Ⅰ转变酶活性作用的有机酸：（S）-9-羟基-10E，12Z-十八碳二烯酸[（S）-9-hydroxy-10E，12Z-octadecadienoic acid]和（S）9-羟基10E，12Z，15Z-十八碳三烯酸[（S）-9-hydroxy-10E,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoic acid]。尚含枸杞酰胺（lyciumamide)即是乙酸橙黄胡椒酰胺酯（aurantiamideacetae)，亚油酸（linoleic acid)。亚麻酸（linollenic acid)，蜂花酸（melissic acid)，桂皮酸（cinnamic acid），柳杉酚（sugiol)，5α-豆甾烷-3，6-二酮（5α-stig-mastane-3,6-dine)，东莨菪素（scopoletin)，β-谷甾醇葡萄糖甙（β-sitosterol glucoside)，东莨菪素（scopoletin),β-谷甾醇葡萄糖甙（β-sitoserol glucosde)等。根含以正二十三烷（n-tricosane)和正三十三烷（n-trtriaconetane)为主的具15-33个碳原子的正烷烃；具18-31个碳原子的长链醇；胆甾醇（cholesterol),菜油甾醇（campesterol)，豆甾醇（stigmasterol)，谷甾醇（sitosterol)以及硬脂酸（steraric acid)，棕榈酸（palmitic acid)，油酸（oleic acid)。枸杞根皮含
1。对心血管系统的作用 大鼠灌胃亦有明显降压作用。地骨皮注射剂给麻醉犬静脉注射0.375g/kg能使其血压下降至零而死亡，小剂量重复注射未见快速耐受现象。地骨皮甲醇提取物给大鼠静脉注射0.5g（生药）/kg 亦有明显降压活性。地骨皮降压期间，心电图可见心率减慢，P-R间期延长、T波减低，中毒剂量可使豚鼠心脏产生房室传导的部分性乃至完全性阻滞。地骨皮的降压作用除有中枢参与外，还可能与其阻断交感神经末梢及直接舒张血管的作用有关。此外，枸杞素A 和枸杞素B 有抗肾上腺皮质激素和肾素的作用，亦为其降压作用机制之一。用地骨皮的浸剂、酊剂及煎剂给麻醉犬、猫、兔静脉注射均有明显的降压作用，并伴有心率减慢和呼吸加快；给不麻醉
2。 降血糖和降血脂作用 给家兔灌服地骨皮煎剂，先使血糖短时间升高，然后持久降低，4～8小时后尚未恢复。对于注射肾上腺素引起的高血糖并无明显对抗作用，但可缩短高血糖维持时间。家兔皮下注射地骨皮浸膏，亦可使血糖降低。地骨皮水煎剂对四氧嘧啶糖尿病小鼠胰岛B 细胞的形态结构损害有一定的减轻作用。地骨皮浸膏灌胃，能使实验性家兔血清总胆固醇含量下降，但对甘油三酯含量影响不大，对肝脏脂肪含量亦无明显影响。甜菜碱则有抗脂肪肝作用。
Digupi alias: wolfberry bark, Solanaceae, genus wolfberry, Chinese wolfberry Lycium chinense Mill is the root bark. It can be used as medicine, in addition to having a cooling steam, Qingfei down as other effects. Often hillslopes, wasteland, hills, saline, roadsides and edge of the village adjacent to the house, located in Northeast China, southern Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and southwest, central, south and eastern provinces; Korea, Japan, Europe, cultivated or Yi wild.
Chinese scientific name Digupi Latin name Cortex Lycii aka Wolfberry leather bound Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline tubular flowers. Branch family Solanaceae family genus Solanum genus wolfberry Chinese wolfberry skin distribution area
Contents 1 Morphological characteristics Growth habit 2 3 4 Geographical distribution of common methods of cultivation techniques ▪ ▪ 5 field management ▪ pest control ▪ medicinal properties medicinal value ▪ ▪ practical literature on election party drug identification ▪ ▪ ▪ Efficacy main ingredient
Morphological characteristics editor
Digupi - botanical ecology
Digupi - Botanical Ecology (2)
Multi-branched shrub, 0.5-1 m, up to 2 meters when cultivated; thin branches, bent or arcuate drooping, pale gray, with longitudinal stripes, 0.5-2 cm long thorns, leaves and flowers of long spines , sprig top acute thorns into shape. Leaf quality thicker paper or grower, leaf alternate or 2-4 pieces clustered, ovate, ovate diamond, oblong, ovate-lanceolate, apex acute, base cuneate, 1.5-5 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, the larger growers, up to 10 cm or more, four centimeters wide; petiole 0.4-1 cm long.
Spent long branches solitary or double leaf axils, in the same leaves clustered on short branches; pedicels 1-2 cm long, gradually thickening towards the top. Calyx 3-4 mm long, usually 3-lobed or 4-5 cracked teeth, lobes much destined hair; corolla funnel-shaped, 9-12 mm long, lilac, tube suddenly expand upward, slightly shorter than or nearly equal entablature lobes, 5-parted, lobes ovate, top blunt, flat or slightly curved outwardly anti-edge destined hair, ear base significantly; stamens slightly shorter than the corolla, or because of corolla lobes extend outreach and corolla, filaments in the past corolla tube wall at the base of the dense circle of hair and wool woven into the oval-shaped clump, clump of hair and other high places also a dense loop pile; style slightly protruding stamens, upper arched, stigma green.
Berry red, ovate, growers can grow oblong or oblong-shaped, top tip or obtuse, 7-15 mm long, growers up to 2.2 cm long, 5-8 mm in diameter. Seeds flat kidney-shaped, 2.5-3 mm long, yellow. Fruit period from June to November. 
Growth habit editor
Often hillslopes, wasteland, hills, saline, roadsides and edge of the village adjacent to the house.  Born in the hillside, sunny and dry fields; cultivated. Hi light. Strict requirements on the soil, salinity, Naifei, drought, fear of water damage. With fertile, well-drained neutral or slightly acidic loam cultivation appropriate, saline-alkali soil salt content should not exceed 0.2%, in strongly alkaline, clay loam, rice paddies, swamps should not be cultivated.
Geographical Distribution Edit
Distributed in Northeast China, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and southern Southwest China ', the South China and East China provinces and autonomous regions; Korea, Japan, Europe, cultivated or wild Plaza.  The main producing Shanxi, Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu; most of the country are produced.
Cultivation Technical Editor
Propagation by seed or cuttings propagation.
Seed propagation: You can use varieties to picking fruit, bright color, no pests spot ripe fruit, after the summer harvest, with 30-60 ℃ warm water, rub the seeds, wash, dry spare. Before sowing with wet sand (1: 3) stopped uniform, set at 20 ℃ ambient temperature germination, until 30% of the seed Lu Bai or soaked with water when the seeds for one day, re-seeding. Spring, summer, autumn can be planted in spring based. Spring in late March to early April, according to the spacing 40cm ditching drill, deep 1.5-3cm, casing 1-3cm, seedling emergence, according to soil moisture, pay attention to irrigation. Height 1.5-3cm, tillage weed 1, after every 20-30d tillage weeding 1 times. Height 6-9cm, Dingmiao, spacing 12-15cm, every 1hm2 Liumiao 150,000 -18 trees. Combined with irrigation in May and June and July to recover fertilizer three times, in order to ensure the growth of seedlings, young plants should be removed from the ground 40cm, part of the growth of lateral buds, height 60cm topping should be performed, in order to accelerate the growth of the trunk and the upper part of the collateral, as root 0.7cm thick, it can Chupu transplanting.
Cutting Propagation: the good mother plants, mining thick 0.3cm, more than a year already lignified shoot cut into 18-20cm long cuttings, tied into small bundles erected in pots soaked with 100 × 10-6α- Naphthylacetate 2-3h, then cutting, press spacing 6-10cm Xiecha in the trench, Matsuchi ease.
5, 6, July kinds Cultivators
Weeding 1, in late October - November to early application of sheep manure, manure, cake and so on as basal fertilizer urea can be in May and June to July phosphorus and potassium compound. Saplings shaping, medlar year after transplanting fall in the upper part of the trunk around 3-5 people selected for the main branch growth stout branches, and cutting back to about 20cm Department, the second issue in the spring when new shoots at the branches in 20-25cm stubs as the backbone branches. The first three or four years modeled way to continue to use the first 2 years of leggy branches expanding branches backbone, heightening full crown skeleton. After 5--6 years into adulthood tree shaping culture stage. Adult tree pruning every spring cut branches, crossing branches and roots sprout branches, dense summer to remain sparse, cut leggy branches, worms branches and acupuncture branches. Fall comprehensive pruning, crown finishing chosen to remain good results branches.
Diseases are black wolfberry fruit disease, damage buds, flowers and fruit. Using the results can be 1: 1: 100 Bordeaux mixture spray; spray 50% immediately after the rain tuzet can warm powder 600 times better. Root rot can be used 50% or 50% thiophanate 1000-1500 times solution or 50% carbendazim 1000-1500 times pouring roots. There wolfberry fruit fly pest, prevention and treatment in the winter when adult emergence, in the face of Qi garden spread 50% carbaryl powder 45kg / hm2, removal of maggots deep fruit, autumn and winter watering or tilling the soil to kill overwintering pupae territories. Wolfberry Oulema spring irrigation in loose soil, the sound of destruction to kill overwintering insect, Qi garden in mid-April to face Caesar 5% carbaryl powder (1kg against the fine soil 5-7kg), kill overwintering adults, the enemy hundred insects 800-1000 times control. There Wolfberry wolfberry gall mite damage.
Medicinal value edit
About herbs: [Synonym] Qi root, ground bone, ground
Digupi - Picking
Digupi - Picking
Daisuke, to the section ("Classic"), wolfberry root, Gou from the root ("Annotations of Materia Medica"), wolfberry root bark ("resistance"), mountain wolfberries root, sweet tooth root, red-eared fall root ("Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine Manual "), mountain wolfberry root, root bark dog breast (" Shandong medicine "), red garnet root bark (" Chinese herbal medicines Handbook "), the dog to Nha (" Sichuan Chinese Medicine Chi ").
[Research] from the "Taiwan Miyao"
[Source] for tomato plants wolfberry root bark. Plant morphology in detail "medlar" section.
[Collection] early spring or autumn excavation, wash the soil, root bark peeled off and dried.
[Medicine] dried root bark for a short cylindrical or trough-shaped winding, sizes, usually from 3 to 10 cm long, 0.6 to 1.5 cm wide, 3 mm thick. The outer surface of pale yellow or brown, rough, jumbled
Digupi - plant traits
Digupi - plant traits
Longitudinal cracks, easy to peel off. The inner surface of yellow-white, relatively flat, with thin vertical lines. Qingcui quality, easily broken, section is not flat, the outer layer of brown, gray lining. Slightly smelly. Slightly sweet taste. To block large, flesh, no wooden heart and impurities were better.
Collect and process: annual excavation, stripping the root bark and dried.
Properties: The root bark has a cylindrical shape, trough-shaped or irregular winding. Barrel diameter 0.5 ~ 2cm, thickness of 1 ~ 3mm. The outer surface of khaki or grayish yellow, rough, staggered crack, easy to peel off; inner surface yellowish-white, with thin vertical stripes. Brittle fracture surface points inside and outside layers, the outer thick khaki; inner white. Slight aroma, taste slightly sweet.
Chemical composition: root bark contains betaine (betaine), wolfberry amide (lyciumamide), β- sitosterol, sugiol (sugiol), honey acid (melissic acid), linoleic acid and cinnamic acid.
Taste: cold, sweet.
Indications: cooling addition to steam, clearing the lungs pathogenic fire. For deficiency hot flashes, night sweats Gu Zheng, Hyperactivity cough, hemoptysis, epistaxis. Heat diabetes.
Note: The same plant Ningxia wolfberry root bark L. barbarum L., also known as Digupi use.
Most of the country has a production.
Impurities and wooden heart, slightly washed, dried, cut into sections.
】 【Taste sweet, cold.
① "The Classic": "bitter, cold."
② "Do not record": "Big Chill, non-toxic."
③ "outline": "sweet and light, cold."
[Meridian] lungs, liver and kidney.
① "Herbal Decoction": "Foot Shao, Shaoyang hand."
② "Thunder concocted herbal solution": "lung, kidney two classics."
③ "Materia Medica words": "into the Foot Shao, foot Jue Yin."
【Indications】 heat, cooling. Rule Consumption hot flashes, night sweats, Hyperactivity cough, vomiting, epistaxis, discredited, diabetes, hypertension, carbuncles, malignant sore.
① "The Classic": "Lord V to evil, avid thirst, Zhou Bi."
② "Do not record": "Lord rheumatism, lower chest gas, off heat, headache, internal injuries make up a large labor Hush smoke, strong tendons, strong Yin, Lee large intestine, resistant to cold and heat."
③ "medicinal theory": "fine file, flour mixed with cooked boiled swallow, attending kidney family tradition."
④ "Herbal": "boneless hot thirst."
⑤ "Herbal Do not say": "metallurgy sore."
⑥ Li Gao: "No government in the form prescribed by Feng Xie, Gu Zheng Chuan Khan corpse there."
⑦ Wang Hao Gu: "diarrhea kidney fire, reducing lung ambush fire to the cell in the fire, fever, corrections gas."
⑧ "Daily Materia Medica": "the rule diaphragm vomiting; Jiantang mouthwash, tooth stopping blood, cure bone trough wind."
⑨ "outline": "go under the coke kidney Hot."
⑩ "Materia Medica": "Indications consumptive fever, cold and heat exchanges, all with blood evidence, epistaxis, coughing blood, coughing, wheezing, Xiaodan, stroke, dizziness, spasm obstinate disease, low back pain, the line weakness, beriberi, edema, virtual trouble , palpitations, forgetfulness, difficulty in urination, red gonorrhea. "
Usage and Dosage】 Oral: decoction, 3 to 6 money; or into pills, powder. External: Jianshui rinse, rinse, spread or transfer deposited into powder.
[Taboo] stomach Deficiency Jifu.
① "Introduction to Medicine": "bogey iron."
② "Materia Medica words": "Consumption Huo and weak stomach, eat less diarrhea are advised to reduce it."
③ "Materia Medica is": "false heat Convicted of use."
1, Li Gao: Siwutang within plus ground
Bone skin, moutan, cure most wonderful woman Gu Zheng. Digupi cure foot Shao, Shaoyang hand there are those who sweat and Gu Zheng.
2. "Outline": wolfberry AIDS benefit not just the child, but the root of it nor ending fever. But roots, shoots, son of smell a little special, but also not attending no other. Miao is the day cover its fine, Kugan and cool off the hot coke cardiopulmonary are advised; root is ground bone, sweet pale and cold, the next focus of the liver and kidney are advised Hot, euphemistically triple burner gas per drug, called hot kinky on the inside, diarrhea with Ganhan also. As the child is gamping and moist, sex AIDS and complement, not fever, kidney and lungs can stop, spermatogenic Qi, which was reinforcing drugs, the so-called fine is insufficient, fill them with flavor also. Divide and use it, you all have the Lord, and will use it, then do both. But people know with a skullcap, berberine bitter cold to fire on the rule of coke, Cork, under the rule of coke Anemarrhena bitter cold to yin fire, that the yin pathogenic fire, Jiufu injury strength, but I do not know wolfberry, ground bone, 甘寒平 fill, so refined gas and Xiehuo charge from the back of the wonderful, Xizai! They taste with artesunate Junior to bone fever, frequently Shugong, people who did not Yu.
3. "Materia Medica words": Wangshao Long cloud, hot bone of calamity and suffering really overcast to land in the bone skin, Gan Hanqing Run, mud does not lag, non-yellow, Radix with the flow.
4. "Materia Medica is": Digupi, wolfberry root is also the South's bitter taste light, slightly Camsing, north were great bitterness of poor, but south of medicine is preferred. Sheen their sexual cold, good into the blood, where not due to cold and heat in the essence of the negative points are the most appropriate. This was cool but not steep, you can manage Consumption, gas light and Sheen, hence clearing the lungs.
5. "Drugs of justice": Digupi, remove no fixed imaginary evil outside, inside except sweat Gu Zheng, theoretically head wind, going chest gas, under Lee large intestine, can work through. The diarrhea White Powder, Qingjin breathing, treatment Hyperactivity cough surplus; with nourishing agents, strong Yin Jie Ji, tone skin sores pox insufficient focus. Its Big Chill, Jiu Jian twenty-two, the most magic cure heat jaundice. Moutan able to heat the blood, Digupi able to go in the hot gas, should do and use.
6. "New Materia Medica": Digupi, non Treats, comparable Anemarrhena, the Digupi although not cool kidney into the kidney,
Stop into the kidney and bone ear cool, cool Kidney to vent kidney and Shang Wei, cool kidney and bone marrow trans can, Cork, Anemarrhena vent kidney Shang Wei, not much to take it off the loser, bone skin Yishen marrow, and FIG off essential work with. Yin fire move to retreat, Gu Zheng labor heat of the disease, with the yin of the drug, plus Digupi or five money or one or two, before they can cool in the bone marrow, bone away in the heat too.
7. "Herbal medicine prepared to": Zhuer Yun said, Digupi can retire internal tide, people know too, can retire outside the wave of people really do not know. Disease or cold scattered and entirely, as tidal exchanges, non-wood, GE can cure with Digupi table and went walking in the drug, eliminate its evil plankton, the service of No unhealed, the special show.
8. "To the drug sub-agent": Dan cloud, Digupi can cure the wind, the liver and kidney Tongzhi also; liver hot as from wind, and different exogenous wind, hot wind from the interest back then. Cardiff Digupi hepatic of this non-drug, then who Danxi cloud to liver and kidney Tongzhi with bits of bone skin both back home and Hot kidney, the dragon fire is not blazing, thunderbolt also flat, since heat can interest liver Health of the wind, although hepatic classics, but also wind and cure liver also. Bone and skin into the kidney, triple burner than two classics, not the liver, but not into the lungs, which can also decrease lung ambush fire to vent, I do not doubt in the interest liver wind also. Overall, kidney medicine to rid the liver, B Kuei homologous also. Renal medicine and Zhifei, Goldwater phase Han also.
9. "Herbal said hook element": Digupi can really Yin Yu of the source, without injury Yuanyang, and bitter cold were so special. Mortal really yin fire, autocorrelation steam sparkle, and see sweat Gu Zheng, should this treatment of. This Notice does not smell and blood, but specifically to the Yin and its function, although able to remove heat, but not in order to make the best use Xiehuo that beneficial chi said, who will be able to purging fire, but straight and use that Xiehuo , this flavor designed to remove heat, can not cure imaginary carry on. He is tired of the disease after the virtual cents scattered and forgetful of the study pills, heart qi deficiency, palpitation forgetfulness of Bu Xin Dan, a pure heart lotus seeds and red clouding the drink, can be summarized that the Xiehuo Down? Or we can say, is hereby flavor governance wind, wind Zhengyang Wanton gas as of those who are, not only that of Xiehuo Down? I do not know the benefits to false positive chi retreat triple burner, but so too yin yang defend, the treatment process efficiency, total finished a chi ear. There is no disease in the shade of its weak yang, yin and also stop by the inadequate use this as a benefit of the yuan by AIDS. Therefore, in the syndrome of the rule shall be deemed to know this righteousness.
10. "Tibetan government drug type correction": Digupi, bone of heat can be clear, Xiehuo down, with visual mulberry, and the cold edge. And Qingfei heat, conductivity gas fire, also cited skin moisture downstream, never too dry strong disability allowance, breaking consumption righteousness, and mulberry is similar. Qi root bark of the bitter cold of the purges, straight into the next focus of the liver and kidney, can cure Gu Zheng in the heat, and smell all clear, it is not to shovel off the real sun, vitality damage, and then cool down eventually belong Qingxie goods, no ability to nourish.
11. "The Classic": the main V to evil, avid thirst, Zhou Bi.
12. "Do not record": the main rheumatism, lower chest gas, off heat, headache, internal injuries make up a large labor Hush smoke, strong tendons, strong Yin, Lee large intestine, resistant to cold and heat.
13. "Medicinal theory": fine file, mix cooked cooking surface swallow, attending kidney family traditions.
14. "Herbal": boneless hot thirst.
Fifteen. "Herbal mention": metallurgy sores. Li Gao: no fixed rule in the table Feng Xie, pass corpse there Gu Zheng Khan. Wang Hao Gu: diarrhea kidney fire, reducing lung ambush fire to the cell in the fire, fever, corrections gas.
16. "Daily Materia Medica": on governance diaphragm vomiting; Jiantang mouthwash, tooth stopping blood, cure bone trough wind.
17. "Materia Medica": Indications consumptive fever, dizziness, epileptic spasm, back pain, the line weakness, beriberi, edema, imaginary trouble, palpitations, forgetfulness, difficulty in urination, whitish red.
Practical election party
① treatment of bone
Muscle steaming hot solution of all virtual irritability, raw body fluid: Digupi (wash, to heart), wind (to the hairpin shares), 50 grams of licorice (Sunburn) 0.5 g. Fine, each serving 10 grams, water one, three pieces of ginger, bamboo leaves seven, decoction. ("Competent party" Sin bulk)
② heat treatment labor: Digupi 100 grams, Bupleurum (to shoot) 50 g. Two flavor pound Luo powder, 10 grams per serving, with Ophiopogon (to heart) Jiantang tune. ("San Franciscans overall record," Digupi bulk)
③ rule Consumption mouth bitter thirst, or cold joints Fanre: wolfberry root white (cut) five liters, MaiMenDong two liters, two liters of wheat. On the shamisen, two bucket with water, boiled wheat cooked, to the dregs drug into, each serving one liter, day again. ("Qian Jin Fang" wolfberry soup)
④ cure children with lung Sheng, shortness of breath Asthma: Digupi, Morus alba (fried), 50 grams of licorice (Sunburn) 5 g. Scattered on the file, into the rice a pinch, two small cup of water, fried seven former food service. ("Pediatric drug card straight tactic" spilled white powder)
⑤ rule spit of blood: wolfberry root bark, son, is scattered, decoction. ("Universal Relief")
⑥ governance discredited: Digupi, wine decoction. If the new Digupi Daozhi water per cup into the wine a little, hollow warm clothes even better. ("Experience gather" ground bone wine)
⑦ cure diabetes than drinking the night, a small convenience: Digupi (file), Kwa root (file), Trichosanthes root (file), reed rhizome (file) for each 75 grams, Ophiopogon (to heart, baking) 100 grams, jujube seven (to the core). Liu Wei as Matou on file; 20 grams per serving, a water Jianqu eight, to the dregs, warm clothes. ("San Franciscans overall record," Digupi drink)
⑧ governance Diabetes lips dry mouth: wolfberry root five liters (filing skin), gypsum one liter, three liters of wheat. On the shamisen cut to boiled, cooked wheat soup into, to the dregs, proper cold temperature drink. ("Medical Heart Party" wolfberry soup)
Line ⑨ with violence when swollen eye itching: Digupi (cut) pounds. Three cups of water, Zhuqu three liters, twist to the dregs, more inner salt twenty-two, Jianqu one liter, wash the head. ("San Franciscans overall record," Digupi soup)
⑩ governance wind worm toothache: wolfberry root decoction white vinegar rinse it. Drink can with water to cook. ("Rear elbow")
⑾ cure bladder Heat Transfer in the small intestine, for the mouth Mi, canker sores, heart and stomach obstruct heat, Mizutani less than: Radix, Digupi 15 grams each. Shuijianbi it. ("Blue Room cache" Digupi soup)
⑿ cure deafness, have pus than: Digupi 25 grams, gallic 0.5 g. Two flavor pound fine, each with a little incorporation ears. ("San Franciscans overall record," Digupi bulk)
⒀ rule felon with hand, foot, shoulder, suddenly developed numerous such as red bean, stripping the juice out of those: wolfberry root, sunflower roots and leaves. Broth, fried, such as sugar of service. ("Qian Jin Fang")
⒁ treatment of intestinal wind anal fistula, lower than blood: Digupi, water hyacinth root bark each decile (fry, yellow). Pound fine, 15 grams per serving, hollow temperature wine transfer service. Avoid greasy. ("Experience side" Digupi bulk)
Digupi pictures (20)
⒂ cure hemorrhoids: wolfberry root, earthworm (pound). Wolfberry root spin take new person, scrape the floating red skin, just take a second weight thin white, dry ramming Luo for the end of violence, each weighing twelve, do not enter earthworm end 5 grams, and absorbed, first with hot spice sauce Ye wash the affected area, medication dry mixed, days can be three times. ("San Franciscans overall record," Chinese wolfberry powder)
⒃ governance gas fistula malnutrition sores, unhealed for many years: Digupi not to much, clubbing fine, every paper dipped 絍 burning sores, frequent natural raw meat, rice drink tune more with 10 g, no time, Nissin three. ("Surgical essence" should effect powder)
⒄ governance woman cloudy swelling or sores: wolfberry root Jianshui wash frequently. ("Wing type seal side")
⒅ kidney deficiency, eyes dim, or clouds cover the eye. And medlar 500 grams, wine run through. Divided into four parts: one with Shujiao twelve fry, a twelve fried with cumin, a twelve fried with sesame, a twelve fried meat with TSN. Fried picked wolfberry, plus Rehmannia, Atractylodes, Poria 50 grams, a total of research for the end, plus refining honey made into balls, served right amount every day. The party name "four gods pill."
⒆ strong bones, make up the essence. With wolfberry root, traditional Chinese medicine, chamomile each pound, mashed, add water, a stone, boiled juice five bucket to cook glutinous rice juice five bucket, mix a fine song, wine law as usual, until cooked clarification, daily drink three bowls. The party name "ground bone wine."
⒇ Gu Zheng trouble cooked (including all consumptive Fanre and after serious illness Fanre). With Digupi 100 grams, wind 50 grams, licorice (Sunburn) 25 g, and after uniform. Take 25 grams each, plus ginger five, decoction. The party name "Sin scattered."
(21) kidney back pain. And wolfberry root, Eucommia, castor seed solution and pound, three measures of wine soaked, sealed earthenware jars and put the pot boiling in the day often take Beverage.
(22) red eyes and throat. With Digupi pounds, add water three bucket, boiled three liters, to the residue, into salt twelve, then boiled two programs, the frequency with eyewash and eye.
(23) urinary bleeding. With new Digupi washed, chopped taking the natural juice. No juice, then add water dextrose. Each serving bowl
Digupi original ecological plant
Digupi original ecological plant
, Add a little wine, meals, warm clothes.
(24) Air insect toothache. With wolfberry white root, fried vinegar rinse.
(25) tongue erosion (bladder Heat Transfer in the small intestine, mouth sores, stomach heart, Mizutani no less). Bupleurum, Digupi 15 grams, decoction. The party name "Digupi soup."
(26) man chancre. Whey washed first with. Then paint Digupi end, it can myogenic pain.
(27) Women cloudy swelling or sores. Wash with wolfberry root Jianshui.
(28) malignant sore ulcer, pus beyond. There are informal Digupi number, wash, scrape the bark, remove fine Rang. In Digupi decoction to wash, so that pus do, Rang applicator to the affected area soon bear fruit.
(29) toe corns, ached for sores. Digupi with saffron with finely applicator.
(30) head Shibuya have shade. With wolfberry leaves, plantain leaves of 100 grams, pound juice, mulberry wrap hanging Shade night. Juice eye, but three, five, that is effective.
(31) debility, sexual weakness. 250 grams with a medlar leaves, cut thin, add rice two together, soy sauce amount, congee together. Daily consumption, and effective. [1-2]
Shape identification: root bark tubular, trough-shaped or irregular winding, sizes, general long 3-10cm, diameter 0.5-2cm, thick 1-3mm. The outer surface of khaki or grayish yellow, rough, irregular longitudinal cracks, flaking easily into scaly; the inner surface of yellow-white, with thin vertical stripes. Quality crisp, easy to break, break points inside and outside surface layers; inner gray. Gas micro, taste slightly sweet, bitter. In barrel crude, flesh, neat, no wooden heart and debris preferred.
Microscopic identification: root bark cross-section: Falling thicker cortex, there are 2-3 cork tissue annulus, the innermost layer of cork to the full annulus, cross-connected outside of the visible screen and decadent ray cells. Phloem wide, accounting for half of the root bark thickness; fibers scattered single or a few bundles, occasional stone cells; ray width 1-2 rows of cells. The mouth of thin-walled cells containing starch grains, some containing calcium oxalate crystal sand.
2. Calcium oxalate crystal sand scattered everywhere, some thin-walled cells filled with crystal sand, forming a crystal sand bag.
3, fiber often connected with the ray cell; fiber spindle or spindle-shaped, long 110-230μm, wall thickness 3-11μm, wood-based or micro-wood, with sparse twill hole, some cell cavity containing a yellowish brown substance.
4. Starch grains single grain round or oval; complex particles composed by a 2-8 tablets. In addition, visible stone cells, cork cells and colonies cortical parenchyma cells.
The main ingredient
The root bark contains cinnamic acid (Cinnamic acid) and large amounts of polyphenols, betaine (Betaine). Shang Ke was isolated base A (Digupi A prime, Kukoamine A), wolfberry hormone A (Lyciumin A), wolfberry prime B (Lyciumin B), β- sitosterol (β-Sitosterol), linoleic acid (Linoleic acid) linolenic acid (Linolenic acid), Sayi acid.
Wolfberry root bark contains alkaloids: betaine (betaine) , bitter may amine (kukoamine) A  and for immunomodulation, agents, virucidal agents, tumor inhibitors 1,2,3,4 , 7, - five-hydroxy-6-azabicyclo [3.3.0] octane (1,2,3,4,7-pen-tahydroxy-6nitro-bicycol [3,3,0] -octane) and 1,4,7,8- tetrahydroxy-6-aza-bicyclo [3,3,0] octane (1,4,7,8-tetrahydroxy-6-nitrobicycol [3,3,0] -octane) [ 3]. And yet the role of containing anti-renin activity against angiotensin Ⅰ transition effects wolfberry ring octapeptide (lyciumin) A and B [4,5]. Also contains a transition activity against angiotensin Ⅰ Effect of organic acids: (S) -9- hydroxy -10E, 12Z- octadecadienoic acid [(S) -9-hydroxy-10E, 12Z-octadecadienoic acid] and (S) 9- hydroxy-10E, 12Z, 15Z- octadecatrienoic acid [(S) -9-hydroxy-10E, 12Z, 15Z-octadecatrienoic acid] . Still with wolfberry amide (lyciumamide) that is acid orange pepper amide ester (aurantiamideacetae) , linoleic acid (linoleic acid) . Linolenic acid (linollenic acid), melissic acid (melissic acid), cinnamic acid (cinnamic acid), sugiol (sugiol), 5α- stigmastan-3,6-dione (5α-stig-mastane-3, 6-dine) , scopoletin (scopoletin) , β- sitosterol glucoside (β-sitosterol glucoside) , scopoletin (scopoletin) , β- sitosterol glucoside (β-sitoserol glucosde)  and the like. Root 15-33 carbon atoms containing n-alkanes in positive tricosane (n-tricosane) and n-alkyl thirty-three (n-trtriaconetane) dominated with; having 18-31 carbon atoms, long-chain alcohols; cholesterol (cholesterol), vegetable oil sterols (campesterol), stigmasterol (stigmasterol), sitosterol (sitosterol) and stearic acid (steraric acid), palmitic acid (palmitic acid), oleic acid (oleic acid) .
The same plant rather ancient Chinese wolfberry root contains alkaloids: atropine (atropine) and hyoscyamine (hyoscyamine) .
1. Effects on the cardiovascular system
With Digupi of infusion, tincture and decoction to the anesthetized dogs, cats, rabbits intravenously have significant antihypertensive effect, accompanied by heart rate and breathing speed up; to not anesthetized rats fed also significantly down effect. Digupi injection to anesthetized dogs intravenous injection 0.375g / kg can make blood pressure drops to zero and death, and no small dose of rapid tolerance phenomenon repeated injections. Digupi methanol extract to rats intravenously 0.5g (crude drug) / kg also significantly hypotensive activity. During Digupi buck, ECG shows the heart rate, PR interval prolongation, T-wave reduction, toxic doses can produce partial guinea pig heart and even complete atrioventricular block. Digupi antihypertensive effect of participation in addition to a central, but also may be related to blocking the sympathetic nerve endings and direct vasodilatory effects. Moreover, Chinese wolfberry and wolfberry A prime B prime anti-adrenal hormones and the role of renin, also one of its antihypertensive effect mechanism.
2. Hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering effect in rabbits fed to Digupi decoction, the first increase in short-term blood sugar, then reduce lasting, yet to resume after 4 to 8 hours. For injection of epinephrine-induced hyperglycemia no obvious antagonism, but can shorten the duration of hyperglycemia. Rabbits subcutaneously Digupi extract can also lower blood sugar. Digupi water decoction of structural damage morphological alloxan diabetic mouse pancreatic B cells have a certain role in mitigation. Digupi extract orally, to make experimental rabbit serum total cholesterol content decreased, but little impact on the triglyceride content of liver fat content had no significant effect. Betaine is anti-fatty liver.
3. The original microbial resistance Digupi decoction of typhoid bacillus, paratyphoid bacillus with Freund Shigella has strong inhibitory effect, but no effect on Staphylococcus aureus; influenza Asian influenza Beijing Branch 68 -1 virus strains inhibited cytopathic effect; antimicrobial drugs for TB is inefficient.
4. Antipyretic effect Digupi water extract, ethanol extract and ether extract residue water fed or injected rabbits on artificial fever had significant cooling effect. Water residue obtained after the extract has no role in its ether extract and ethanol extract. Its antipyretic effect than aminopyrine weak, about equal with other antipyretic drugs.
5. Other effects Digupi water decoction of normal mouse spleen cells to produce interleukin-2 inhibition; spleen cells of mice induced by interleukin-2 production reduced significantly enhance enhancement effect; azathioprine-induced interleukin-2 produced extraordinary inhibition.
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures (13)
Digupi pictures (20)
Soil Digupi (7)
Digupi - botanical ecology
Digupi - Botanical Ecology (2)
Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
1. Wolfberry. Flora of China. 2013-12-31 [reference date 2013-12-31]
2. Digupi. Two drug paradise station. 2012-09-8 [reference date 2012-09-8]