Mint (Labiatae) Edit
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Mint, earth called "Silver Sorghum", Labiatae, that belong to other dry grass. Many born in the mountains of wetland Creek, roots will occur underground, many born in 2100 meters of altitude, but can also be grown on 3,500 meters above sea level, it is a kind of special economic value of aromatic crops.
Whole plant fragrant green gas. Leaves opposite, flowers small lilac, lip, bow after dark purple fruit brown pellets.
Mint is one of the commonly used Chinese medicine. It is Xinliang of sweating antipyretic, cure influenza, headache, red eyes, fever, sore throat, gums and throat infections. Topical can cure neuralgia, pruritus, rash and eczema. The usual mint tea, pure heart and eyesight.
Greenhouse shed light mint picked fresh vegetables Spring is on the table. Fresh and delicious.
In China, mainly mint Jiangsu and Anhui provinces largest output.
Mint planting methods are planting roots, ramets planting and cutting propagation of three.
Chinese scientific name Latin name mint Mentha haplocalyx Briq. Aka wild mint, night benzoic world Flora door Angiosperms Gang Dicotyledon subclass gamopetalous Asia outline tubular flowers. Branch lip Ke Yake family Lamium subfamily Tower Flower Belong mint mint species distribution area south around production Name and age of L.1889. subfamily thin mint family Heya subgroups thin mint Heya group-based system
Contents 1 Morphology 2 3 Distribution of light growth environment ▪ temperature ▪ ▪ ▪ soil type 4 purple variety purple veins stem green stems 5 cultivation techniques ▪ ▪ ▪ site preparation seedling breeding field management ▪ pest control ▪ value ▪ 6 major food value ▪ 7 medicinal plant culture
Morphological characteristics editor
Perennial herb. Stems erect, 30-60 cm high,
The level of the lower portion of fibrous roots and number of sections with slender creeping rhizomes, four sharp-angled, with a four-slot, the upper being backward puberulent, only the lower edge along the puberulous, much branched.
Leaves oblong-lanceolate, lanceolate, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, thin oblong, 3-5 (7) cm, 0.8-3 cm wide, apex acute, base cuneate to nearly circular, above the edge of the base of coarse teeth sparsely serrate, lateral veins about 5-6 pairs, with the micro-pits below the ribs on top of significant green above; dense remnants along the veins sparsely puberulent, or in addition to the remnants of the veins near hairless, pale green above, generally along the veins densely puberulent; petiole 2-10 mm, the abdominal cavity back convex, puberulent.
Round inflorescence axillary, spherical contour, when flower diameter of about 18 mm, with stems or sessile, when a stem stems up to 3 mm, puberulent; peduncle slender, long 2.5 mm, puberulous or near hairless. Calyx tubular bell-shaped, about 2.5 mm, outside puberulent and glandular point, inside glabrous, 10-veined, inconspicuous, calyx teeth 5, narrowly triangular-shaped diamond-shaped, apex long acute, long 1 mm. Corolla purple, long 4 mm, slightly puberulent outside, the inner surface of the throat or less puberulous, 4-lobed limb, upper lobe apex 2 crack, the larger the remaining three lobes nearly as large, oblong, apex obtuse. Stamens 4, before the long, about five millimeters, are projected outside the corolla, filaments filiform, glabrous, anthers oval, room 2, room parallel. Style slightly beyond the stamens, apex unequally 2-lobed, lobes subulate. Disk flattened.
Nutlets egg shaped beads, brown, with a small crypt. Flowering from July to September, the fruit of October. 
China Plant Image Library (Institute of Botany) provide and co-edited
Mint whole plant
Mint whole plant (12)
Mint leaves (1)
Mint fruit (3)
Mint - the original plant
Mint - the original plant (13)
Peppermint is widely distributed in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, it is distributed throughout China. Many have cultivated throughout China, including Jiangsu, Anhui authentic traditional areas, but declining cultivation area.  The tropical Asia, the Russian Far East, Korea, Japan and North America (south of Mexico), too. 
Growth Environment Editor
Mint ability to adapt to environmental conditions, can be grown at an altitude of 2100 meters in the following areas, born near water and wet ground, up to 3500 m above sea level. 
Mint ability to adapt to temperature, its roots overwintering ability -15 ℃ low temperature. The most suitable temperature for the growth of 25 ℃ -30 ℃. When the temperature is below 15 ℃ slow growth, higher growth accelerated at 20 ℃. At 20 ℃ -30 ℃, as long as the appropriate fertilizer, the higher the temperature, the faster the growth. 
Mint for the long sunshine crop, likes the sun. Long sunshine, can promote flowering mint, peppermint and conducive to the accumulation of menthol. 
Mint soil requirements are not very strict, in addition to over-sand, too sticky, pH too heavy low-lying and poor drainage of the soil, in general, the soil can grow in sandy loam, alluvial soil as well. Soil pH with a pH of 6-7.5 is appropriate. 
Variety type editor
Depending on the color and leaf shape stem mint, peppermint can be divided into two types: purple stems and green stems with purple veins type type.
Purple stems purple veins
Seedling stems purple, late in the lower part of the stem purple or lavender, the upper part of the stem is green. Seedling leaves oval, oblong late. Seedling purple veins, in the late in the veins showed significant lower leaves of purple, pale green upper leaf veins. Seedling leaves dark green or slightly purple, pale and thin serrated leaf margin and purple, green leaves late.
Corolla lilac, stamens not exposed, most seed varieties is low, growth potential and branching weak, shallow buried underground stems and fibrous roots, stolons are more exposed to the ground, resistance is poor, unstable volatile oil yield, but the quality Well, the oil containing high amounts of brain mint. 
Purple seedling stem base, the upper part of the green, in the late lavender stem base, the upper part of the green. Lilac or bluish veins, slightly sunken. Seedling leaves round or oval, elliptical late. Seedling leaves green, dark green in the late rendering blades. Corolla bluish white, pistil and stamen taste, most varieties seed rate, buried deep underground stems and fibrous roots, stolons less exposed to the surface, branching capability and strong resistance, volatile oil production more stable, but not as good as the quality of the oil purple stem type. 
Cultivation Technical Editor
Strict requirements on the soil, in addition to the peracid and soil too alkaline can be cultivated outside. Choose irrigation and drainage conditions, illumination sufficient pond, house edge, side drains and other scattered land, fertile soil, flat as well. Sand, insufficient light, easy to water the arid land is not easy to grow. Land planted mint, to casual about 3 years to another species. Due to the residual underground root yield. Site preparation, deep plowing land, facilities composting compost, farmyard manure and superphosphate, bone meal as basal, 37,500 ~ 45,000 kg per hectare, rake thin, shallow hoe again, turn the manure into the soil, pulverizer, raked do Qikuan 200 cm. 
1, rhizome propagation: cultivate seed roots were in late April or late August. Choose robust growth in the field, no pests of plants as mother plants, grown by 20 × 10cm spacing. After the winter harvest ground stems and leaves, roots remain in place as a seed strain.
2, Division propagation: mint seedlings about 15cm high, should thinning, fill the gaps. Use between a seedling transplanting ramets.
3, Cutting Propagation: 5--6 months, the ground stems cut into 10cm-long cuttings on the whole a good seedbed, row spacing 7 × 3cm for cutting nursery, to be rooted, to large 田培育 transplant after germination. 
1, mint Not until the second year in early spring germination transplanting, early planting early sprouting, longer growing seasons and high yields. Wedges when planted rhizomes, select stout, internodes short, disease-free seed roots for root, cut into small pieces 7-10cm long, and then on the whole a good Qimian row spacing 25cm, 10cm deep open ditch. The kind of root spacing by 10cm oblique fine soil cover placed in the trench, real step, watering.
2, topping topping, in May when the plants thrive, it must promptly put off the terminal bud, collateral to promote leaf growth, favorable yield. [forty five]
1, check the seedlings Planting monthly. Basically all postemergence field, seedlings should be timely investigation of Deficiency or seedlings thin point, the film to be Planting monthly.
2, weeding. Full postemergence, inter-row weeding, manual weeding plants in soil moisture, increase (ground) temperature, eliminate weeds, and promote seedling growth. Before the closure line weeding 2-3 times. Net pulling weeds before harvest to prevent other weeds smell affects the quality of peppermint oil.
3, timely fertilizer. 10-15cm in height when ditching fertilizer per acre urea 10kg, 5ml Penshibao acres sprayed urea + potassium dihydrogen phosphate 150g + 150g twice after the closure line.
4, scientific watering. Mint before mid-water demand more, especially early growth stage, root has not yet formed, the need to water more generally about 15 days pouring of water, from emergence to harvest 4-5 times to pour water. After the closure line should be adequate light pouring in order to avoid stem soaring, lodging occurs, resulting in lower leaves fall off, reducing the yield. 20-25 days before harvest without water. 
Mint is the main disease blackleg disease, occurs in the seedling stage, the symptoms are stem base shrink depression, black, rot, plant lodging, wither. Prevention and treatment may mu 70% during the onset of chlorothalonil or 40% carbendazim 100-150g, watered spraying.
Mint rust, May-July-prone, with 25% triadimefon 1000-1500 times foliar spray.
Septoria, from May to October occurred early onset of spraying 65% of zineb 500 times, once a week to control.
Mint main pests "bridging insects", endangering period in mid-June or so, around the end of August. General population density of 10 / sq m per acre available Decis 15-20ml, spray 1-2 times, or 80% dichlorvos 1000 times spraying. 
The main value edit
Mint has a dual function of medical and food, mainly edible parts of stems and leaves can also be served juice. On consumption, peppermint can be used as flavoring agents, but also for spices, but also with wine, tea and so on. Per 100 grams of dry mint in water containing 9.6 g, protein 6.8 g and 31.1 g of fiber to provide 870.7 kJ of heat.
Mint food (2)
Such as: mint porridge, effect: fresh and refreshing, wind-dispersing heat, increase appetite and help digestion.
Mint tofu, Efficacy: treat colds stuffy nose, sneezing, runny embolism.
Mint chicken, efficacy: firefighting hot weather.
Mint cake, efficacy: cool, wind-dispersing heat, Qingyan Lee jets.
Fresh mint carp soup, Effect: You can cure children with chronic cough.
Mint soup Efficacy: detoxification relieve inflammation.
Mint herbal tea, after drinking whole body comfortable, energy doubled.
In addition, there is a special flavor of mint leaf, can be used to make chewing gum, toothpaste, etc., play cool and refreshing, purging fire effect.
In addition, the mint can make honey, honey Honey its deep, dark amber color, with a strong mint odor.
Mint is commonly used in Chinese medicine, tender shoot tips can be used for fresh vegetables, whole plant can be used as medicine, a cold fever, sore throat, headache, red eyes and pain, muscle pain, skin itching rubella, measles impervious embolism, in addition to the carbuncle, gangrene , scabies, ringworm, paint sores are also effective.
Peppermint contains menthol, the substance can freshen breath and with a variety of herbs, can relieve pain, gallbladder problems such as cramps, also has antiseptic sterilization, diuresis, phlegm, stomach and digestive and other effects. Eat lots of mint can cause insomnia, but it helps to eat small doses of sleep. 
Plant Culture Editor
Hades (Hades) fell in love with the beautiful spirit Manxi (Menthe),
Pluto's wife caused Peisefenni (Persephone) jealousy. To make Pluto forget Manxi, Peisefenni she became a humble grass, long fancy stampede at the roadside. But inner strength after good 曼茜 become grass, her body, however, has a wave comforting cool charming fragrance, the more intense the more is Cuizhe stampede. Although become a grass, she was more and more people love. People call this grass mint (Mentha).
Mint is a promising plant, life is inevitable there are many people missed or something, could meet again, loving and almost no chance to love, but not the more the more miss, mint, while a plain flower, but It tastes refreshing, refreshing infiltrated the skin from every pore, every cell of the body are transparent, that is a very happy feeling, let those who have lost so much of people to get some comfort, so the language of flowers mint "willing to meet with you again," and "love me once again." In addition, there is a language of flowers it is "virtuous man."
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures (1)
Mint - the original plant
Mint - the original plant (13)
Mint food (2)
Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
▪ ▪ fake lemon mint spearmint spearmint leaf wrinkled ▪ ▪ ▪ Xing'an mint mint
Spicy mint peppermint ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ round pennyroyal mint leaves mint ▪ Northeast
▪ ▪ gray spearmint mint
1. mint. Flora of China [reference date 2013-10-24]
2. Zhang Yongqing, Liu Gang together. Cultivation of medicinal plants: Chinese Medicine Press, 2013: 372-380
3. mint. China Species Information Database [reference date 2014-06-8]
4. Mint yield cultivation techniques. Lüchun County Farm Bureau [reference date 2014-06-10]
5. mint cultivation techniques. New Rural News [reference date 2014-06-10]
6. mint. China Medical Network [reference date 2014-05-6]