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牡丹皮 Moutan (Moutan Radicis Cortex) Mu Dan Pi

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牡丹皮

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牡丹皮,中药名。为毛茛科植物牡丹干燥根皮。产于安徽、四川、河南、山东等地。苦、辛,微寒,归心、肝、肾经,具有清热凉血、活血化淤、退虚热等功效。牡丹皮和牡丹酚的毒性小。
中文学名
牡丹皮
别    称
牡丹根皮、丹皮、丹根
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
毛茛目
毛茛科
芍药属
牡丹
分布区域
安徽、四川、甘肃、陕西、湖北、湖南、山东、贵州
采收时间
秋季采收
用    量
6-12g
毒    性
小毒

入药部位

毛茛科植物牡丹的干燥根皮。

性味

苦、辛,微寒。

归经

归心、肝、肾经。

功效

清热凉血,活血化瘀。

主治

热人营血,温毒发斑,吐血衄血,夜热早凉,无汗骨蒸,经闭痛经,跌扑伤痛,痈肿疮毒。

相关配伍

1.《本草经集注》:“畏菟丝子。”
2.《唐本草》:“畏贝母、大黄。”
3.《日华子本草》:“忌蒜。配地骨皮:除热。”

用法用量

6-12g。

使用注意

脾胃虚寒泄泻者忌用。

炮制方法

迅速洗净,润后切薄片,晒干。

生理特性

落叶灌木。茎高达2米;分枝短而粗。花期5月,果期6月。喜温暖湿润气候,较耐寒、耐旱、怕涝、怕高温,忌强光。喜上层深厚、排水良好、肥沃疏松的砂质壤上或粉砂壤土。盐碱地、粘土地不宜栽培。忌连作,隔3-5年再种,种子千粒重198g,适宜随采随播。生于向阳及土壤肥沃的地方,常栽培于庭园。

产地

主产湖南、湖北、安徽、四川、甘肃、陕西、山东、贵州等地。此外,云南、浙江亦产。以湖南、安徽产量最大。安徽铜陵凤凰山所产的质量最佳,称为凤丹皮;安徽南陵所产称瑶丹皮;重庆垫江、四川灌县所产称川丹皮;甘肃、陕西及四川康定、泸定所产称西丹皮;四川西昌所产的称西昌丹皮,质量较次。

相关论述

1.《本草纲目》:“牡丹皮,治手足少阴、厥阴四经血分伏火。盖伏火即阴火也,阴火即相火也,古方惟以此治相火,故仲景肾气丸用之。后人乃专以黄蘖治相火,不知丹皮之功更胜也。赤花者利,白花者补,人亦罕悟,宜分别之。”[1] 
2.《本草经疏》:“牡丹皮,其味苦而微辛,其气寒而无毒,辛以散结聚,苦寒除血热,入血分,凉血热之要药也。寒热者,阴虚血热之候也。中风瘛疭、痉、惊痫,皆阴虚内热,营血不足之故。热去则血凉,凉则新血生、阴气复,阴气复则火不炎而无因热生风之证矣,故悉主之。痈疮者,热壅血瘀而成也。凉血行血,故疗痈疮。辛能散血,苦能泻热,故能除血分邪气,及症坚瘀血留舍肠胃。脏属阴而藏精,喜清而恶热,热除则五脏自安矣。《别录》并主时气头痛客热,五劳劳气,头腰痛者,泄热凉血之功也。甄权又主经脉不通,血沥腰痛,此皆血因热而枯之候也。血中伏火,非此不除,故治骨蒸无汗,及小儿天行痘疮,血热。东垣谓心虚肠胃积热,心火炽甚,心气不足者,以牡丹皮为君,亦此意也。”
3.《本草汇言》:“沈拜可先生曰:按《深师方》用牡丹皮,同当归、熟地则补血;同莪术、桃仁则破血;同生地、芩、连则凉血;同肉桂、炮姜则暖血;同川芎、白芍药则调血;同牛膝、红花则活血;同枸杞、阿胶则生血;同香附、牛膝、归、芎,又能调气而和血。若夫阴中之火,非配知母、白芍药不能去;产后诸疾,非配归、芎、益母不能行。又欲顺气疏肝,和以青皮、柴胡;达痰开郁,和以贝母、半夏。若用于疡科排脓、托毒、凉血之际,必协乳香、没药、白芷、羌活、连翘、金银花辈,乃有济也。牡丹皮,清心,养肾,和肝,利包络,并治四经血分伏火。血中气药也。善治女人经脉不通,及产后恶血不止。又治衄血吐血,崩漏淋血,跌扑瘀血,凡一切血气为病,统能治之。盖其气香,香可以调气而行血;其味苦,苦可以下气而止血;其性凉,凉可以和血而生血;其味又辛,辛可以推陈血,而致新血也。故甄权方治女人血因热而将枯,腰脊疼痛,夜热烦渴,用四物重加牡丹皮最验。又古方用此以治相火攻冲,阴虚发热。又按《本经》主寒热,中风瘛疭、痉、惊痫邪气诸症,总属血分为眚。然寒热,中风,此指伤寒热入血室之中风,非指老人气虚痰厥之中风也。其文先之以寒热二字,继之以瘛疭惊痫可知已,况瘛疭、惊痫,正血得热而变现,寒热又属少阳所主者也。”
4.《得配本草》:“丹皮、川柏,皆除水中之火,然一清燥火,一降邪火,判不相合。盖肾恶燥,燥则水不归元,宜用辛以润之,凉以清之,丹皮为力;肾欲坚,以火伤之则不坚,宜从其性以补之,川柏为使。”
5.《本草求真》:“世人专以黄柏治相火,而不知丹皮之功更胜。盖黄柏苦寒而燥,初则伤胃,久则伤阳,苦燥之性徒存,而补阴之功绝少,丹皮能泻阴中之火,使火退而阴生,所以入足少阴而佐滋补之用,较之黄柏不啻霄壤矣。”
6.《本经疏证》:“牡丹皮入心,通血脉中壅滞与桂枝颇同,特桂枝气温,故所通者血脉中寒滞,牡丹皮气寒,故所通者血脉中热结。”
7《神农本草经》:“主寒热,中风瘛疭、痉、惊痫邪气,除症坚瘀血留舍肠胃,安五脏,疗痈疮。”
8.《名医别录》:“除时气头痛,客热五劳,劳气头腰痛,风噤,癫疾。”
9.《药性论》:“治冷气,散诸痛,治女子经脉不通,血沥腰疼。”
10.《日华子本草》:“除邪气,悦色,通关腠血脉,排脓,通月经,消扑损瘀血,续筋骨,除风痹,落胎下胞,产后一切冷热血气。”
11.《滇南本草》:“破血,行(血)消症瘕之疾,除血分之热。”
12.《医学入门》:“泻伏火,养真血气,破结蓄。”
13.《本草纲目》:“和血,生血,凉血。治血中伏火,除烦热。”[1] 
[2-3] 

中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  李时珍.《本草纲目》:中国言实出版社,2012年版
  • 2.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 3.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2012年5月
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Moutan locking
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Statement
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
Moutan, Chinese name. RANUNCULACEAE dried root bark of peony. Produced in Anhui, Sichuan, Henan, Shandong and other places. Bitter, acrid, slightly cold, heart, liver, kidney, with heat and cooling blood, blood circulation, back Hot and other effects. Peony phenol toxicity moutan and small.
Chinese scientific name moutan aka peony root bark, Dan, Dan root bound Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline Ranunculales Ranunculaceae families genera species peony peony distribution area of ​​Anhui, Sichuan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan , Shandong, Guizhou harvest time autumn harvest small amount of 6-12g toxic poison
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 Note the use of processing methods Origin 12 11 10 physiological characteristics related discussion
Medicine site
Ranunculaceae dried root bark of peony.
Taste
Bitter, acrid, slightly cold.
Meridian
The heart, liver and kidney.
Effect
Heat and cooling blood, blood circulation.
Indications
Hot people camp blood, warm spot poison, vomiting epistaxis, night hot early cold, no sweat Gu Zheng, amenorrhea dysmenorrhea, or flutter pain, carbuncle swollen sore.
Related Compatibility
1. "Annotations of Materia Medica": "fear dodder."
2. "Tang Materia Medica": "fear Fritillaria, rhubarb."
3. "Japan Hanako Materia Medica": "Avoid garlic with Digupi: In addition to the heat."
Dosage
6-12g.
Caution
Stomach Deficiency diarrhea were hanged.
Processing Methods
Quickly washed, cut into thin slices after run, and dried.
Physiological characteristics
Deciduous shrubs. Stem up to 2 m; branches short and thick. Flowering in May, fruiting in June. Hi warm and humid climate, relatively cold, drought, the fear of floods, fear of high temperature, avoid glare. Hi upper deep, well-drained, fertile sandy soil or loose silt loam. Saline-alkali soil, clay soil should not be cultivated. Avoid continuous cropping, every 3--5 years then planted, seed weight 198g, suitable for broadcast with. Born in sunny and fertile place, often cultivated in gardens.
Place of origin
Production of Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Sichuan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Guizhou and other places. In addition, Yunnan, Zhejiang also produced. Hunan, Anhui largest production. Tongling, Anhui Province Fenghuangshan quality produced by the best known Feng Dan; Anhui Nanling Yao Dan said produced; Chongqing Dianjiang, Sichuan produced Guanxian said 川丹皮; Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan Kangding, Luding the said the Xidan Pi production; produced by Sichuan Xichang Xichang said Dan, of inferior quality.
Related discussion
1. "Compendium of Materia Medica":. "Moutan, rule hand-foot Shao, Jue Yin four blood points V V fire yin fire cover the fire, the fire yin fire that phase, the Cuban side but this rule with fire, so Zhongjing kidney pill use it. posterity is designed to cure yellow tiller-fire, I do not know Dan has surpassed the power also. red flower by Lee, who make up white, Wu Han people also advised separately of. "[1]
2. "Ben Cao Jing Shu": "moutan, its bitter and slightly acrid, and its non-toxic gas Haner, Xin to sanjie together, except the bitter cold blood heat, into the blood, cooling the heat to the drug is also cold and heat. designate persons, Yin blood heat also. stroke Chizong, spasm, epilepsy, are yin deficiency, blood deficiency camp so hot to cool the blood, cold blood, the new born, re-chi, the chi complex inflammation without fire is not hot wind of the card due to men, it is noted Lord. carbuncle who obstruct blood stasis become too hot. cooling Circulation, so treatment carbuncle. Sim can scattered blood, diarrhea can suffer heat, so Blood can remove evil, and disease remain firm rounded stomach bleeding. dirty yin and essence, like clear and evil heat, heat in addition to the five internal organs from the security men. "Do not record" and the main passenger headaches when gas heat, five workers Labour gas, head low back pain, Xiere cooling of power also. Zhen right and main meridians barrier, blood Lek low back pain, euphemistically blood because of waiting too hot and dry. Blood ambush fire, non of this is not removed, so the treatment of bone No sweat steaming, and pediatric day trip pox sores, blood heat. Higashigaki that guilty stomach accumulated heat, heart Huochi very, heart qi deficiency were to moutan King, also this meaning also. "
3. "Materia Medica words": "Mr. Shen can worship, saying: Press the" deep division side "with moutan, with foxglove the blood; with Curcuma, walnuts then expelling; the same habitat, Qin, even the cooling; with cinnamon, roasted ginger is warm-blooded; same root, white peony the transfer of blood; with Achyranthes, safflower is promoting blood circulation; with medlar, gelatin is Shengxue; with Cyperus, Achyranthes, return, Xiong, and can transfer gas and . and blood Chizhov yin fire, noncoordinating altogether, white peony can not go; postpartum various diseases, noncoordinating return, Xiong, Yimu not do You Yu Shun Qi Shugan, and to peel, Bupleurum; da sputum Gloomy, and with mother of pearl, Pinellia If for Surgeon abscess, care drugs, cooling the occasion, will be co-frankincense, myrrh, Angelica, Rhizoma, forsythia, honeysuckle generation, there is also economic. peony skin, pure heart, raises the kidney, and liver, Lee envelope, and cure four blood points V fire. blood gas medicine also. Good governance woman meridians barrier, and postpartum than bad blood. Mataji Nvxue vomiting, bleeding pouring blood, bleeding or flutter, where all blood for the sick, the system can cure the cover of its gas incense, incense can transfer gas and Blood Circulation; its bitter, bitter and bleeding can lower gas; its cool, cool can be born blood and blood; its taste and acrid, Sheen Chen can push blood that may cause new blood as well. Therefore, Zhen right party rule woman blood due to heat will dry, lumbar pain, night heat, thirst, weight plus moutan with four things most experience. yet The Cuban side to cure phase Fire Attack with this red, Yin fever. and press the "after" Lord chills and fever, stroke Chizong, spasm, epilepsy evil Zhu Zheng, total genera blood into calamity. However, chills and fever, stroke, this refers to typhoid heat into the blood compartment into the wind, non-means among the elderly Qi and sputum Jue wind its text before the word to cold and heat, followed by Chizong epilepsy has been seen, condition Chizong, epilepsy, positive blood was hot and cash, cold and heat, and the Lord who belong to Shaoyang also. "
4. "was equipped with Materia Medica": "Dan, Chuan Bo, are in addition to the water of the fire, and then a Qingzao fire, a drop Xiehuo sentenced mismatched cover kidney evil dry, dry the water does not return element, it is appropriate. Sheen to run it, cool to clear it, Dan is force; kidney strong desire to not hurt the firm fire, should its nature to fill it, 川柏 to make. "
5. "Materia Medica truth": "The world specifically to the Cork-fire cure, but I do not know Dan has surpassed the cover of the power Treats bitter cold and dry, the beginning of the Shang Wei, long the injury Yang, bitter dryness of the existence of believers, and. Yin's work rarely, Dan can diarrhea yin fire, and the fire retreat shade, so the foot Shao and 佐滋 fill only and nothing less than the Cork carry Xiao soil. "
6. "Sutra card": "moutan into the heart, blood stasis and Guizhi in quite the same, especially Guizhi temperatures, so the cold stagnation through those veins, moutan cold air, so the pass by blood the hot junction. "
7 "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic": "Lord chills and fever, stroke Chizong, spasm, epilepsy evil, except Kennedy disease stomach bleeding leave homes, five organs, treatment carbuncle."
8. "doctors do not record": "deaeration headache, hot off five workers, gas workers head back pain, wind silent, epilepsy disease."
9. "resistance": "Governance air conditioning, scattered all pain, cure woman meridians barrier, blood Lek back pain."
10. "Japan Hanako Materia Medica": "In addition to evil, Yue color, clearance Cou blood, pus, through menstruation, eliminate flutter loss of bleeding, continued bones, in addition to wind weakness, falling under fetal cells, all hot and cold postpartum blood. ʱ??
11. "Southern Yunnan Materia Medica": "Poxue, (blood) elimination of the disease Zhengjia line, in addition to blood per heat."
12. "Introduction to Medicine": "diarrhea V fire, raising real blood, broken knot build."
13. "Compendium of Materia Medica":. "And blood, blood, blood cooling treatment ambush fire, arrests restless heat." [1]
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Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. Li. "Compendium of Materia Medica": China Yanshi Press, 2012 edition
2. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
3. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2012












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