桑叶，（Mulberry Leaf），学名：Folium Mori。中药名，是桑科植物桑的干燥叶，是蚕的日常食物，又名家桑、荆桑、桑椹树、黄桑叶等，我国南北各地广泛种植桑树，桑叶产量丰富。蚕的主要食物。完整叶片呈或宽卵形，长约15厘米，宽约10厘米，叶柄长约4厘米，叶片基部心脏形，顶端微尖，边缘有锯齿，叶脉密生白柔毛。老叶较厚黄绿色。嫩叶较薄，暗绿色。质脆易，握之扎手。气淡，味微苦涩。药用一般认为霜后采者质佳。到2014年，有人将桑叶的芽头做成了菜式，而使桑叶有了食疗的价值，因其桑叶的芽头营养价值丰富而被大众喜爱，被现代人称为桑芽菜。又以南浔辑里村，国丝文化园的桑树芽最为出众，考虑到穿珠湾水的灌溉，其桑叶芽的微量元素比一般桑芽的要高出很多。
在2013年甲型H7N9流感的爆发，国家中医药局将对中医药诊疗方案微调，参考中就有桑叶 ，到2013年湖州晚报的一则报道——《桑叶上餐桌 价格比肉贵》，得知湖州辑里村人沈建栋已经开发出了桑叶菜，可以用于火锅连锁，养生美食馆，高级会所，星级酒店，农家乐等场所，于是桑叶正式成为各界社会人士的焦点，桑芽菜孕育而生。 现在桑叶又成为健康菜
基原：该品为桑科 Moraceae 植物桑 Morus alba L. 的干燥叶。
桑叶中丰富的γ-氨基丁酸（平均含量为226 mg/100g）引人注目，γ-氨基丁酸由谷氨酸转化而来，而桑叶中γ-谷氨酸含量最高（2323 mg/100g）。
Mulberry (Sangke Sang genus) Edit
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
Mulberry, (Mulberry Leaf), scientific name: Folium Mori. Chinese name, is Sankoh plant mulberry dried leaves, silkworm daily food, and famous mulberry, Jing mulberry, mulberry trees, yellow mulberry leaves, etc., my mulberry widely grown throughout North and South, rich leaf yield. The main food silkworms. Or broadly ovate leaves were complete, about 15 cm, width 10 cm, 4 cm long petiole, the leaf base heart-shaped, top slightly pointed, serrated edge, veins dense white pubescence. Yeh thick yellow-green. Leaves thin, dark green. Crisp and easy to grip it difficult to handle. Gas light, slightly bitter taste. Postharvest medicinal creams were generally considered good quality. By 2014, it was the mulberry leaf bud made the dishes, leaving the mulberry has therapeutic value, because of its rich nutritional value of mulberry leaves bud is like the public, is called modern mulberry sprouts. Nanxun Youyi Village series, mulberry silk bud State Cultural Park is the most outstanding, taking into account the wear beads Bay water irrigation, its trace elements mulberry leaf buds than mulberry shoots much higher. 
Mulberry fruit when young children green, mature was dark purple, fuchsia, sweet and sour taste.
Chinese scientific name Latin name mulberry Morus alba aka green dill, home mulberry, Jing mulberry, mulberry tree, yellow leaf, mulberry jujube two laws Moraceae plant mulberry Morus alba L. seed plant world Flora door Amon Angiospermae dicotyledonous Head rose plant genus Morus 科桑科 widely distributed throughout the north and south of planting, the Yangtze River region is more generic English name Mulberry Leaf herbs Folium Mori
Contents 1 Morphology Growth Habit 2 3 4 economic value food value 5 6 plant cultivation technology culture
Morphological characteristics editor
Deciduous shrubs or small trees, high 3-15m. Bark greyish yellow or brown, shallow diastema, young branches hairy.
Mulberry - the original plant fruit
Mulberry - the original plant fruit
Leaves alternate, ovate to broadly ovate, long 6 ~ 15cm, width 4 ~ 12cm. Apex acute or obtuse, base rounded or nearly heart-shaped, margin coarsely toothed, glabrous above, shiny, sparse hair on the following green, veins, axillary hairy between veins; petiole length 1 ~ 2.5cm. Dioecious, Guduo inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence early fall; female inflorescence length 1 ~ 2cm, style inconspicuous or absent, stigmas 2.
Intact leaves oval, broadly ovate, heart-shaped, about 15 cm, width 10 cm, 4 cm long petiole, the leaf base heart-shaped, top slightly pointed, serrated edge, veins dense white pubescence. Yeh thick yellow-green. Leaves thin, dark green. Brittle and fragile, grip it difficult to handle. Gas light, slightly bitter taste. Postharvest medicinal creams were generally considered good quality. FRUIT (mulberry) purplish black when ripe, red or white. Flowering from April to May, fruiting from June to July.
More wrinkled, broken. With complete with handle, blade above the yellow-green or light yellow-brown, and some have small warts; lower surface lighter color, veins protruding, small veins reticulate, sparsely hairy on veins, veins base with tufted. Crisp. Gas micro, tasteless, bitter, astringent.
Growth habit editor
Hi light, climate, soil adaptability are strong. Cold, can withstand temperature of -40 ℃,
Drought, water wet, can also be grown in warm and humid environment. Hi deep loose fertile soil, the ability of mild saline (0.2%). Wind, dust resistant, anti-toxic gases. Root development, fast growth, sprouting ability, resistance to cutting, long life, generally up to hundreds of years, the individual up to several years.
The new varieties have been bred mulberry than a thousand months. Such as Zhejiang and Jiangsu, the lake of fire Sang Sang and two mulberry varieties group. Lake Sang generally long thick branches, leaf large, hardening late adaptable. There Redskins fire fire Sang Sang Sang and white fire, which shoots purple leaves. Leshan in Sichuan southern Sichuan Jiading mulberry, long branches, leaves dilute leaf quality is good; mulberry branches in northeastern Sichuan crown fine straight, skin color schungite. Shandong has Morus multicaulis Perr, stubby branches, dense section, hardened early, cold.
Economic Value edit
Sankoh plant mulberry mulberry dried leaves. First frost after harvest to remove impurities, dried derived, is a divergent wind-heat drug, either orally, but also topical. Its cold, sweet, bitter, evacuation of wind-heat, clearing the lungs and moistening, Liver eyesight, treat Fengreganmao, Hyperactivity dry cough, dizziness, headache, red eyes dim disease. 
Modern Western medicine the mulberry and mulberry biological agents for improving diabetes and other incurable diseases and drug use, that its efficacy is very extensive. Qingfei moistening, cough, to heat, phlegm, night sweats; Bugan, Liver eyesight, the treatment of dizziness, insomnia, eliminate eye fatigue; swelling, clear blood 'treatment of diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, in addition to beriberi, Lee large intestine; anti-stress, cooling blood, lowering blood pressure, lowering blood pressure, prevent heart attack, stroke, headache cured, long hair; hypoglycemic, anti-sugar disease.
Mulberry leaf extract can significantly prolong clotting time in mice and significantly prolonged rabbit plasma activated partial thromboplastin (APTI) time, prothrombin (PT) and thrombin time (TT) time. Since the active part of the clotting process to start its duties and endogenous two links, active within APTI reflect intrinsic coagulation pathway, PT reflects the extrinsic coagulation pathway, while the TT reflects both common pathway that is thrombin activity explained mulberry thrombin - fibrinogen reaction has a direct inhibitory effect.
Mulberry in rutin, quercetin, quercetin can increase contractility and output and reign in vitro frog heart and reduce heart rate. Rutin make toad lower limbs and rabbit ear vasoconstriction, quercetin expandable coronary blood vessels, improve cardiac cycle. γ- aminobutyric acid, rutin, quercetin have lower blood pressure. γ- amino butyric acid is a neurotransmitter that can promote the metabolism of brain tissue and restore brain cell function, at the same time, can improve brain blood flow, enhance the activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme Ⅰ, promote blood pressure.
Lowering blood glucose and lipid, cholesterol, anti-thrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic effect
Mulberry has a role in inhibiting the formation of fatty liver, lower serum fat and suppress the formation of atherosclerosis. Active ingredients include DNJ, phytosterols, flavonoids and other.
Mulberry leaves contain strengthen capillaries, reduce blood viscosity of flavonoids, in addition mulberry leaf tea contains components within the antibody within LDL- lipoprotein oxidation, so mulberry lose weight, improve hyperlipidemia, while there are prevention of myocardial Role infarction and cerebral hemorrhage. Kayo Doi Japanese experts confirmed serum lipids in hyperlipidemic mulberry leaf extract increases and atherosclerosis inhibition. Mulberry leaf tea can Hyperlipidemia Rats of high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), HDL-C / TC was significantly higher (p <0.05), total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C, triglycerides ( TG) decreased significantly (p <0.05), lipid peroxidation (LPO) was significantly lower (p <0.001), description of mulberry leaf tea can reduce blood lipids, soften blood vessels, remove the body of peroxide, thus hyperlipidemia serum elevated lipids and atherosclerosis inhibition (Huang on behalf of Green et al., 1995).
Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory effect
Mulberry juice for most gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria and some yeast with good growth inhibition effect (Fan Lisheng, 2001). And inhibitory concentration required low, pH value in the range of width (4 to 9), strong thermal stability. Sang in rutin significantly inhibited in rats with traumatic edema, and to prevent conjunctivitis, auricle inflammation, pulmonary edema development. Mulberry has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, and expelling wind, heat effect is consistent (Chenfu Jun et al., 1995)
Anti-viral, anti-tumor effect
Mulberry leaves can prevent cancer cells to enhance the body immunity, the main functional components are DNJ, flavonoids, Sang Su, γ- aminobutyric acid and vitamins, can inhibit gene mutation and chromosomal mutations. DNJ significant antiretroviral activity (Tierney, 1995). Its IG30 is 1.2 ~ 2.5 μg / mL, and increased with the dose of DNJ, restraining force enhancement (Ouyang Zhen, 2003). DNJ tumor metastasis inhibitory rate was 80.5%, the inhibition mechanism may be DNI by inhibiting glycosidase activity generated in immature tumor cell surface carbohydrate chains, it weakens the ability of tumor metastasis.
Korean scholar Kim (2000) found that mulberry leaves two isolated and purified flavonoid quercetin -3-β-D-glucopyranoside and quercetin -3-7- dioxide -β-D- glucopyranoside to human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) showed significant growth inhibitory effect. Sang Su mulberry leaves have anti-cancer activity, mulberry vitamins inhibit original variation effects.
Anti-aging, anti-fatigue effect
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Zhejiang University through four years of experiments (
Et al., 2004), confirming Mulberry ginseng tonic and has a similar anti-aging effects. Ginseng belongs to heat up, and mulberry belong to clean up, loudly limit, young and old can be used, and the seasons.
In addition, mulberry leaves contain quercetin, phenolic compounds, vitamin C and other ingredients can inhibit or eliminate free radicals to prevent oxidative damage. Mulberry with similar ginseng tonic and anti-aging, stable nervous system effect, can relieve the physiological changes caused by emotional, increase superoxide dismutase activity to prevent produce the body of harmful substances already produced and to reduce or eliminate stagnation in the body of lipofuscin (Huang et al., 2000). Mulberry can improve tolerance to heat stimulation in mice and prevent adrenal stimulation stress distribution function is low, and when adrenal insufficiency, mulberry make it back to normal. Mulberry can prolong swimming and rolling stick, with enhanced body endurance and can extend the life of fruit flies. Can effectively remove superoxide anion biological oxidation, with anti-aging effect (Di Tang Law et al, 2000).
The role of anti-filariasis
Single flavor mulberry injection of anti-filariasis role, mulberry leaves can be used in the treatment of filarial elephantiasis and chyluria (Yao even early 1996; Wangpei Yi, 1999), and its mechanism may be contained in mulberry leaf rutin, quercetin, isoquercetin, coumarin, chlorogenic acid and other ingredients anti-inflammatory, reduces swelling, the combined result of the softening of tissues and antibacterial effects.
Antispasmodic, anti-ulcer effect
Mulberry leaves quercetin can reduce intestinal, bronchial smooth muscle tension, its antispasmodic effect is stronger than rutin, rutin can reduce gastric motility in rats, and to relieve muscle spasm of the small intestine caused by barium chloride, subcutaneous rutin 5 ~ 10 mg / kg in rats can significantly reduce the number of lesions caused due to pyloric ligation gastric ulcer (徐爱良 et al., 2005).
(1) for the common cold, headache, cough. This product Ganhan light, light clear evacuation, longer than the casual cool wind-heat, but also Qingfeizhike, so often used Fengreganmao or febrile disease early, warm Fanfei evil, fever, headache, cough embolism, often with chrysanthemum, forsythia, almond equated with, such as mulberry apricot soup.
(2) For Hyperactivity dry cough. This product is bitter cold Qingxie Hyperactivity, Ganhan Yi Yin, cool lungs dry, it can be used hot lung injury, dry cough with little phlegm, can be equipped with light almond, Radix, fritillary equated with, such as mulberry apricot soup; weight can be equipped Gypsum, Radix, donkey-hide gelatin equated with such Qingzao save lung soup.
(3) for the liver yang dizziness, red eyes dim. This product is bitter cold, and into the liver, the liver has a flat lower Yang effect, it can be used to treat hyperactivity, headache, dizziness, often with chrysanthemum, abalone, white peony root equated with; this product skills evacuation wind-heat, and You can clear diarrhea anger,
Yin, cooling eyesight, so with chrysanthemum, Prunella, plantain seed Liver eyesight and other disposable, available wind and heat treating the liver, caused anger upside eyes, astringent pain, tears and other empirical; with nourishing essence the blood of black sesame seeds, namely Sangma pill, but also for liver and lack of Deficiency eyes dim.
(4) for the vomiting of blood heat Wang Xing, Nvxue embolism. This product Ganhan, there cooling effect of bleeding. Can be used alone, or compatibility with other hemostatic use.
Jianfu 5 ~ 10g; or into pellets tender mulberry leaves (stalks storms do to the end) a pound, the giant wins sub (ie black sesame, scouring the net) forty-two, Baimi pound. (Dosage according to "The medical Annals" fill in) will grind crushed sesame gravy boil, refining and honey to drip beads, into the mulberry leaves at the end of gelatin Sangma cream. By early salt soup, wine at night.
Topical Jianshui wash. The goods honey can enhance the role of lungs and cough, cough Dryness so much with honey mulberry leaves.
The role of beauty
Sankoh plant mulberry mulberry leaves by frost, Chinese medicine believes that mulberry leaves of bitter, sweet, cold, with scattered wind in addition to heat, Liver eyesight. The study demonstrated that there is a good skin care mulberry role, especially on the face of acne, brown spots have a better effect.
Acne, commonly known as acne, is common in young people an inflammatory skin disease. Young men and women after puberty, sex hormone levels increased, prompting sebaceous hypertrophy, increased secretion of the sebaceous glands, causing sebum deposition, clogging the hair follicles, increased sebum can not be discharged on the formation of acne. Produce acne, although mainly due to endocrine changes of puberty, androgens increase the relative ratio of estrogen secretion caused. However, high-fat, high-sugar diet, long-term constipation is a major cause of acne induced. Chinese medicine believes that over-eating greasy spicy food, stomach accumulated heat raw wet, evils acne affects the skin is raw. Since Mulberry detoxification effect, it was to try to treat acne mulberry leaf decoction two hundred fifty-eight cases, its effect is to achieve eighty-nine% or more.
Specific approach is to take a daily fresh mulberry leaves fifty grams, Jianshui taking three times, usually fifteen days effective. There are people with the right amount of fresh mulberry leaves, mash, apply acne at thirty minutes a day, also achieved satisfactory results.
Mulberry has anti-bacterial anti-inflammatory, detoxification effect. Mulberry DNJ contains minerals, can be laxative, improve constipation, effectively easing the accumulation of toxins phenomenon.
1. Mulberry can evacuate air heat, relieving heat, YangYinShengJin; mulberry can Yin and blood, tonic and moistening; white mulberry root can Xiefei asthma, benefits of water swelling; mulberry energy through the meridians, except paralysis pain; and mulberry called mulberry wood-fired ash gray, can also be used to treat red eyes and throat, Qingmang, body surface edema, can not sit, vitiligo, head wind white dust, leprosy and other syndromes. (In Zhimin: "Diabetes one hundred efficacy with spectacle - On Mulberry")
2. "Herbal medicine prepared to": "cup of tea only diabetes." Modern research shows that ecdysterone contained in mulberry leaves have
Blood glucose lowering effect. In fact, I do not like this ingredient pharmacological effects. Because hypoglycemic effect of mulberry leaves very limited. I chose mulberry as food training materials, like mulberry eyesight role. (Nie Wentao: "Food Training and Diabetes Rehabilitation")
3. used for the treatment of mild fever caused by exogenous wind-heat, cough, red eyes (such as colds), often associated with chrysanthemums, forsythia, such as compatibility, such as Sang Ju drink for Xinliang light agent.
The heat and wind for the treatment Hyperactivity cough, especially for dry cough, dry cough, often with leaves, Radix, Radix, etc.
5. with black sesame seeds for the treatment of liver and kidney of dizziness, vertigo, headaches, eyesight refreshing. Coupled with Dan, Salvia, for the treatment of migraine. Mostly taking the pill.
Mulberry is mulberry ear, it can be used as medicine. Mulberry contains vitamins, carotenoids, essential oil, trypsin inhibitor, etc.
The latter is the main toxic ingredients. Eat improperly can cause poisoning.
Toxicity: Mulberry contains volatile oil has a stimulating effect on the digestive tract; trypsin inhibitors inhibit a variety of digestive enzymes in the gut, especially trypsin inhibitory activity is strong, it can not destroy Clostridium perfringens type C B toxin, can cause hemorrhagic colitis.
Poisoning: nausea, vomiting after eating mulberry, weakness, severe abdominal pain and diarrhea, can occur bloody stools, blood pressure, shock. In severe cases, death.
Emergency treatment: techniques or drugs to induce vomiting immediately after the symptoms can give the patient oral activated charcoal 50g. Severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, especially bloody stools to the hospital for treatment.
Poisoning Prevention: Eat raw mulberry or salted after eating.
Governance lunar air temperature, but cough, less body heat, micro-thirsty
2 rule wind tears now
3 Red Eye wash day, wind-heat throat, head Shibuya dizzy red
4 cure liver and inadequate, eyes dim, cough long unhealed, skin a mistake, paralysis heartless
5 rule vomiting
6 After treatment of cholera have been Tuli, thirst more than
7 Treatment of Infantile thirsty
8 cure colon rectal prolapse
9 Governance wearing palm swollen poison
10 rule carbuncle mouth not grabbing
11 Burning and soup bubble cure sores
12 rule throat swelling, toothache
13 rule dizziness
14 rule shook his head wind
15 I do not know cure itching numbness
16 hard ache cure breast
Bitter, sweet, slightly cold. In the lungs, the liver. Casual cool down.
1. Dispersing heat. For Fengreganmao, fever, cough is the main symptom. Mulberry Ganliang clear light, good Qingfei heat and hot in the wind table.
2. Qingfeizhike. For wind-heat Fanfei Hyperactivity cough, also with drug therapy dryness lungs cough lung injury.
3. Liver eyesight. Mu Chi astringent pain caused by wind and heat treatment.
The product is light clear evacuation, evacuation of wind heat external energy, internal energy lung, Liver, eyesight, commonly used rule Fengreganmao, hot lung injury, hyperactivity and wind-heat or cold anger, red eyes, hot lung injury, liver-yang Kang and wind on heat or anger, red eyes and throat, eyes dim liver deficiencies. In addition, but also cooling bleeding.
Mulberry practice guidance: mulberry good Hyperactivity scattered wind heat vent, external sense of wind-heat, headache, cough, often with chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, mint, Peucedanum, Campanulaceae with the application. Mulberry not only for red eyes and photophobia caused by wind and heat, and can clear anger, anger on the inflammation of the red eyes and throat, with chrysanthemum, cassia seed, psyllium, etc. with the application. As for the liver and inadequate, eyes dim, mulberry nourishing liver and kidney can be equipped Ligustrum lucidum, medlar, black sesame equated with.
Mulberry Light clear divergence, can scattered wind-heat, but the effect is weak. The main clinical use Qingxie lung liver, wind heat attack the lungs, cough, lung injury or hot, dry cough without phlegm; and wind-heat upside or anger on the inflammation, red eyes and throat, etc., for the commonly used drugs. With Arctium, Peucedanum, scattered wind clearing the lungs; with gypsum, Radix, then Qingzao lungs; with chrysanthemum, cassia, the Liver eyesight.
TIPS: Oral: Jiantang, 6-10 g; or into pills, powder. Topical: amount deposited washed fried or mashed.
Food value edit
From diet to eat mulberry leaves modern history inquiry
Mulberry food - Mulberry mulberry branches bud sprouts are picking on a dish's name will be made as adjunct or main ingredient, it is a popular dish in 2013.
In 1981 released by the Ministry of Health 85 edition Medicinal and Edible second batch (91) No. 45 document mulberry leaves can be used in health food list and began to attract everyone's attention, for the first time to let everyone know that mulberry leaves are edible a.
In the March 6, 2002, to improve the mulberry became a Ministry of Health announced Medicinal and Edible items can be used in health food items list, again causing people to eat mulberry leaves can be used as knowledge about, plus the 2003 SARS During mulberry leaves can be used as a medicine continued to be everyone's concern,
Youyi 2003 to Sohu Health Network forum a hot quote, "now popular to eat mulberry leaves," so that people will begin as accessories made of mulberry mulberry shavings, mulberry pasta and other ingredients, after a lapse of six years, When Xinhua reported in May 2009 Chinese mainland confirmed the first case of H1N1 flu, mulberry once again become the talk of the object.
In 2013 influenza A H7N9 influenza outbreak, the State Bureau of Traditional Chinese Medicine Chinese medicine treatment programs for fine-tuning, there are mulberry reference , to 2013 Huzhou Evening a report - "on the table mulberry prices Meat expensive ", that series in Huzhou Shen Jiandong village has developed a mulberry leaf vegetables, can be used in hot pot chain, health food shop, senior clubs, hotel, farmhouse and other places, so the mulberry became the focus of all walks of life of the community Sang Sprout bred.  Now Mulberry has become healthy vegetables 
2014 Mulberry Sprout has become a common dish in most areas, with its rich nutritional value, natural green again characterized and swept the Chinese mainland market.
Cultivation Technical Editor
Mulberry - the original plant cultivation base
Mulberry - the original plant cultivation bases (2)
Sankoh plant mulberry mulberry dry old leaves. Cultivated or wild. Most of the country more productive, especially in the Yangtze River and the Sichuan Basin mulberry area as much. Original plant hi warm and humid climate, little shade, drought, no water logging, poor resistance, soil adaptability. Bitter, sweet, cold. In the lungs, the liver. The effectiveness of the evacuation of wind-heat, clearing the lungs and moistening, Liver eyesight. Clinically used to think that the cream's good quality, "the frost mulberry leaves" or "mulberry leaves in winter," Pieces name mulberry leaf, mulberry Mizhi.
Mulberry silkworm of "food." Early in the last three thousand years ago unearthed from Shang Dynasty Oracle, there is a word "Sang" and "silkworm", showing "Sang" has a long history, is closely linked with the development of Chinese culture together.
Increase leaf yield, it is the basis for the development of sericulture silk business, and business is good mulberry mulberry leaf yield fundamental. Our agronomists in Breeding of mulberry, mulberry fertilizer, mulberry and mulberry pest control management, etc., continue in-depth study and achieved fruitful results, we have now been collected and new varieties have been bred Mulberry more than a thousand. Such as Zhejiang and Jiangsu, the lake of fire Sang Sang and two mulberry varieties group. Most genera and late varieties. There Redskins fire fire Sang Sang Sang and white fire, which shoots purple leaves, are Early varieties.
Mulberry is the basis of good yield of mulberry. Sexual reproduction and breeding of mulberry can be divided into two kinds of asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction is by seed propagation; asexual reproduction of grafting, cuttings and layering and the like. Seed grow into a seedling called mulberry, mulberry growing, said after the mulberry or wild mulberry seedling. Sang said the grass Zhejiang, Guangdong Jing Sang said. Mulberry is cross-pollinated plants, it is easy to natural hybridization. Therefore, mulberry seedling viability is strong, plasticity is also large, well-developed root system, drought-resistant barren, woody tenacity, good timber, ability to adapt to environmental conditions stronger than asexual reproduction of seedlings. Mulberry seedling traits but often vary, most leaf small, thin leaf, flower mulberry much more collateral. Most of mulberry mulberry seedling as the rootstock grafted with small amounts for direct planting, cultivating a mulberry tree.
Mulberry by grafting methods, breeding, said grafted mulberry seedlings out. Grafting is to plant mulberry branches or buds, move to the other plants of the branch, trunk or root, so that they heal as a strain of the common growth of new individuals. Shoots or buds for grafting the scion or bud called, received plants branch, trunk or root called rootstock. The production of fine mulberry shoots or buds scion varieties, generally mulberry seedling rootstock. Sang grafting advantage it is that both keep the grafted varieties of mulberry good traits, but also by means of mulberry seedling developed root system, enhance the plant's vitality. Therefore, the grafting method in breeding varieties of mulberry, replacement of species, trees rejuvenation update other aspects are widely used.
In addition, mulberry hybrid varieties produce different genetic basis of hybrid mulberry. Because genetic traits complementary, with strong heterosis, drought resistant, germinate early, mature faster, larger blades, in the Pearl River Basin help increase sericulture batch, increase cocoon yield. Sangmiao according to the nature of natural growth, only leaf collection without artificial pruning is mulberry trees, its small leaf, low yield, leaf quality is poor, can not meet the needs of sericulture production. But the mulberry tree root system, adaptable, so wide distribution. But also because the wood has a light, tough, durable advantage, the rural northern areas used to make tools and living utensils.
After planting mulberry, according to their breed characteristics, environmental conditions and production requirements, by cutting the strip, sparse buds, pruning, picking scissors and other cutting-core technology, develop into different tree, called the develop stage. According to the level of mulberry dry, generally divided into senior cadres of the mulberry tree (150 cm), dry mulberry (70 to 150 cm), low dry mulberry (70cm or less), to mulberry (also known as uninvolved mulberry, mulberry root mow) ʱ?? The purpose is to harvest mulberry leaves sericulture, and mulberry mulberry is vegetative organs, while leaf collection, pay attention to keep the tree in order to reach the next phase or the next year to get more mulberry purposes. The basic method of leaf collection leaf picking method has three mining methods and cut strip method buds: picking leaves France little silkworm or summer, autumn silkworm application; mining bud method of application in silkworms silkworm; cut strip method is even strip mulberry leaf clipping with direct feed silkworms. Qiumodongchu, by cutting the tip (tip cut branches), can reduce the mulberry damage, improve the germination rate and spring leaf yield.
Mulberry leaves should be properly fed before finishing Qiesang order to give mulberry. In addition to the adverse selection leaves, leaves of overlapping management, weighing and other work with mulberry mulberry called tone. Ant silkworm to early third instar silkworm, silkworm body because small, in order to facilitate a uniform and easy to mulberry feeding, generally mulberry leaves cut into square blocks, into the late third instar rough cut, four age with leaves, fifth instar leaves and shoots with leaves or mulberry.
Base of the original: the goods for Sankoh Moraceae plant mulberry Morus alba L. dry leaves.
Alias: home mulberry, Jing mulberry, mulberry trees, yellow mulberry, Leaves cream, honey mulberry leaf, mulberry leaf, mulberry leaves in winter, iron dinette, family leaves, dry leaves, Jing mulberry leaves, mulberry leaves, mulberry leaves, yellow leaves, frost mulberry leaves, mulberry leaves in winter, white mulberry leaf, mulberry chicken, son mulberry, mountain mulberry leaves, gold leaf, late leaf, old leaf, double leaf, double leaf, mulberry child , Ye gods.
Taste: bitter, sweet, cold.
1. "Japan Hanako Materia Medica": warm, non-toxic.
2. "outline": bitter sweet, cold, a small drug.
3. "Doctor Lin compile to": Gan octyl, cold.
In the lungs, the liver.
4. "Ben Cao Jing solution": the bladder full sun, hand Shao Yin Heart Sutra, full moon spleen.
5. "Materia Medica and then new": liver, lung two classics.
6. "The Classic": In addition to cold and heat, sweating.
7. "Tang Materia Medica": decoction take gravy, in addition to beriberi, edema, Lee large intestine.
8. "Shandong medicine": cure sore throat, swollen gums, swollen head and face.
9. "Herbal Supplements": Main cholera spit abdominal pain, dry winter months were concentrated cook of service. Fine file, such as a large kettle Jianqu red sugar, to the old wind and persistent blood glucose.
10. "Japan Hanako Materia Medica": Lee five internal organs, joints, gas, decoction; in addition to wind pain sweating and Loss in stasis, and after steaming 罯; centipede bite Snake, Norway Rubbing salt.
The main ingredient
Mulberry - the original plant
Mulberry - the original plant
Flavonoids in Mulberry Mulberry dry weight accounted for 1% to 3%, which is higher leaf content in the plant kingdom a class of plants. South Korean and Japanese scholars isolated from mulberry leaves 9 flavonoids, mainly compound rutin (rutin), quercetin, isoquercitrin, quercetin-3-glucoside.
Alkaloids is the main active ingredient of mulberry leaves, Japanese scholars Asano et al. (1994) isolated from mulberry leaves in a variety of polyhydroxy alkaloids, including DNJ (1- deoxynojirimycin), N- methyl -1-DNJ ( N-Me-DNJ), 2- oxo -α-D-galactopyranoside -1-DNJ, fagomine, 1,4- dideoxy-1,4-imino--D- arabinitol, 1,4 - dideoxy-1,4-imino - (2-oxo -β-D- glucopyranoside) -D- arabitol 1α, 2β, 3α, 4β- four hydroxy - norepinephrine tropane (to A ranunculus scopolamine) and other seven kinds of alkaloids. Wherein DNJ (1- deoxynojirimycin) in the plant kingdom, only mulberry unique.
Mulberry plant phytosterol content than 3 to 4 times higher. Mainly β- sitosterol
Alcohol (β-sitosterol), stigmasterol (Stigmasterol), campesterol (Camposterol), β- sitosterol β-D- glucoside (β-sitolsterol β-D-glucoside), hops tallow alcohol (lupeol, Lupeol ), myo-inositol (Myoinositol), insect metamorphosis hormones, Achyranthes steroid ketone (Inokosterone),
Ecdysterone (Ecdysterone) and the like.
4. γ- aminobutyric acid (γ-aminobutyric acid)
Mulberry leaves are rich in γ- aminobutyric acid (average content of 226 mg / 100g) striking, γ- aminobutyric acid from glutamic acid transformed from the highest content in mulberry leaves γ- glutamic acid (2323 mg / 100g).
5. Mulberry polysaccharide
Mulberry leaves are rich in mulberry leaves, with significant inhibition of lipid lowering blood glucose and elevated role.
Plant Culture Editor
"Ben Cao Meng Quan": mining the cream soup person, eye to the wind tears Most Excellent. Salt pound deposited Snake bite poison centipede, steamed pound loss stasis An flutter with condensate. Fried tea, eliminate swelling feet float, lower gas make joint interest; research for the San, soups. Only cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, sweating, pain in addition to the wind paralysis. Baked and fried concentrated mulberry clothes, various anti-malaria bleeding wound.
"Herbal medicine prepared to": Gan Han, hand, foot Yangming drug. Colon, stomach. Cooling ax wounded, for the end of the wonderful dry paste. Dampness, to the wind eyesight. Who collected the cream wash Jiantang, to the wind tears; wash hands full, to the wind paralysis. Mulberry, black sesame decile, pill, pill Fuso name, dehumidification to the wind, Ukraine shall eyesight. End service stop sweating, Yanzhou monk, on every pillow, sweating all over the body, more than once, clothing are transparent, two years can not cure. Temple prison to teach mining with dew leaves, drying to the end of the hollow rice drink two money, a few days and more. Cup of tea only diabetes.
"This by every original": mulberry clear lung and stomach, to the wind eyesight. Frost who learn Jiantang, wash wind tears now. Jiufu pill with black sesame, white beard and hair are not, not old sickness. "The Classic" statement except sweating chills and fever, that is, "Ming dynasty" An pound steamed wind pain sweating of that. Fried drink Lee five internal organs, pass under joint gas. Fried wine service, cure all the wind. Mulberry burning ash cream sauce, and lime point surface wind, destroy the mole, to the evil meat.
"Herbal Chong original": "Yi Jian Zhi" cloud: Yanzhou Temple had a visit monk, emaciated body, eating very little, per night on the pillow, Bianshen sweating, seize denier clothes are wet, so 20 years' medicine can cure, expect to make ears. Supervisor monks said: I have never drug test for Ru rule, three days more chronic disease Dayton, their party alone mulberry blindly, take dew harvesting, drying grind end, each with two money transfer service fasting warm rice drink. When the value of mulberry or fall, dry Zheyi worthy of use,
But as good as new mining by force, mulberry is stop sweating the drugs, non diaphoretic. "The Classic" cover that mulberry attending can remove heat and cold, and besides sweating. Fear misread as sweating solution. Therefore tables Ming.
"Materia Medica truth": Qingfei diarrhea stomach, cooling dampness, to wind eyesight, "San Franciscans recorded" cure vomiting than late baked mulberry research, herbal tea serving three money, only a stop, after complement Hepatopulmonary drugs. "Qian" cure hair is not long, mulberry, Mu esserteauiana cook swill, the seven can be several feet long. "Jane set" governing the wind tears the moment, with the twelfth lunar month does not fall Mulberry decoction, daily temperature wash, or the Glauber. Fuso pill in addition to rheumatism, Ukraine shall eyesight, with black sesame with mulberry divided into pills. Zhen Heng said: the cream mulberry leaves powder, rice Beverage, stop sweating. 
"I was equipped with Materia Medica": sweet, cold. The hand-foot-Yangming. Clear the West dry, diarrhea Eastern reality. To wind heat, Lee joints, liver, antiperspirant. Too habitat, Radix, heat treatment workers. Hotels habitat, gelatin, cure cough blood. Liver dry disabled.
Mulberry gas cold water, cold winter days of Bing: "Ben Cao Jing solution"
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Gas, cold water into the bladder full sun; bitter Gan, a small drug, to get the taste of SOUTH fire clay, while dampness of nature, starting Shao Yin Heart Sutra, full moon spleen. Odor drop than rise, Yin also.
Sun who line the body of the table, and for one of the fan who is also marked hot sun this winter, so the sun's disease, is made of cold and heat. Mulberry leaves into the sun, you can clear bitter, sweet energy and, therefore lowering chills and fever. Juice who was the heart, get out of the bladder gasification were also mulberry leaves into the bladder while dampness, and so was sweating. ʱ??
"New Materia Medica": Power mulberry leaf, the better to mulberry, most good complement of bone marrow, Tim kidney essence, only the body of Khan, fill in brain eyesight, blood and fluid, seed miscarriage, blood reconcile , Tom Lee joints, only cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, in addition to rheumatism cold paralysis, eliminate swelling feet float, the old man can help bad but the old, old woman may also have fewer children. ... Mulberry leaf collection such as tea, the larger species first, followed by another big, then small ones and followed. Its small, no peace big too. Too large, the stop can Jiantang In medicine, there is worthy of pellets and carry on. Eye wash, should take the old mulberry, since the fall were useless carry on.
"Herbal divided by": Kugan and cool. Zi dry cooling, bleeding to the wind, hot air Qingxie Shaoyang.
"New Chinese Medicine Chi": bitter, sweet, cold. There are scattered wind heat, clearing the lungs and moistening, cooling blood eyesight function. For Fengreganmao, Hyperactivity cough, headache, dizziness, red eyes, dizziness, vomiting of blood heat.
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Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
1. Mulberry turned healthy food. Zhejiang Daily. August 30, 2013 [cited date 2014-07-7]
2. Mulberry medicinal drug market demand of stable prices. China Hui rural network. 2014-12-26 [reference date 2015-02-5]
3. The multi-stakeholder joint prevention and control of bird flu prevention and control measures more closely. People's Daily Overseas Edition. April 12, 2013 [cited date 2014-07-7]
4. Mulberry expensive than meat on the table. China Huzhou. 2013-08-28 [reference date 2014-07-7]
5. Mulberry water shampoo hair loss treatment. People - Life Times. July 23, 2013 [cited date 2014-07-7]