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赤芍 Peony (Paeoniae Rubra Radix) Chi Shao

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赤芍

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声明
本词条可能涉及专业知识,中草药并非没有毒副作用,请遵医嘱服用,请勿轻信网上用药建议。
赤芍,中药名。为毛茛科植物赤芍或川赤芍的干燥根。春、秋二季采挖,除去根茎、须根及泥沙,晒干。苦,微寒。归肝经。有清热凉血,活血祛瘀的功效。赤芍是著名野生地道中药材,应用历史悠久,用量较大、用途广泛且需求较为刚性,每年都有相当数量的出口。
中文学名
赤芍
别    称
木芍药、草芍药、红芍药、毛果赤芍
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
毛茛目
毛茛科
芍药属
芍药
分布区域
东北、华北、陕西及甘肃等
采收时间
春、秋二季
用    量
6-12g
毒    性
无毒

入药部位

毛茛科植物芍药或川赤芍的干燥根。

性味

味苦,性微寒。

归经

归肝经。

功效

清热凉血,散瘀止痛。

主治

用于热人营血,温毒发斑,吐血衄血,目赤肿痛,肝郁胁痛,经闭痛经,瘾瘕腹痛,跌扑损伤,痈肿疮疡。
炒赤芍:炒后药性偏于缓和,活血止痛而不伤中,可用于瘀滞疼痛。
酒赤芍:以活血散瘀力胜,清热凉血作用较弱。多用于闭经或痛经,跌打损伤。

相关配伍

1、与生地黄、大黄、白茅根等同用,可用于血热吐衄。
2、与金银花、天花粉、乳香等同用,可用于热毒壅盛,痈肿疮疡。
3、与当归、川芎、延胡索等同用,可用于血滞经闭、痛经、症瘕腹痛等症。

用法用量

6-12g。

禁忌

不与藜芦同用。血虚者慎服。

炮制方法

除去杂质,分开大小,洗净,润透,切厚片,干燥。
1、炒赤芍:取赤芍片,置预热炒制容器内,用文火加热,炒至颜色加深,取出晾凉,筛去碎屑。
2、酒赤芍:取赤芍片,加黄酒拌匀,稍闷,待酒被吸尽后,置预热炒制容器内,用文火加热,炒至微黄色,取出晾凉,筛去碎屑。(每100Kg赤芍片,用黄酒12kg。)

生理特性

多年生草本,高40-1750px,无毛。根肥大,纺锤形或圆柱形,黑褐色。茎直立,上部分枝。花期5-6月,果期6-8月。芍药喜光照,耐旱。芍药植株在一年当中,随着气候节律的变化,而产生的阶段性发育变化。主要表现为生长期和休眠期的交替变化。其中以休眠期的春化阶段和生长期的光照阶段最为关健。芍药的春化阶段,要求0℃低温下,经过40天左右才能完成。然后混合芽方可萌动生长。芍药属长日照植物,花芽要在长日照下发育开花,混合芽萌发后,若光照时间不足或在短日照条件下通常只长叶不开花或开花异常。

产地

1、芍药:分布于东北、华北、陕西及甘肃。各城市和村镇多有栽培。
2、川赤芍:分布于陕西、甘肃、青海、四川和西藏等地。
3、草芍药:分布于东北及河北、山西、陕西、宁夏、安徽、浙江、江西、河南、湖北、湖南、四川、贵州等地。

相关论述

1、《神农本草经》:“芍药,味苦平。主邪气腹痛,除血痹、破坚积寒热疝瘕、止痛……生川谷。”
2、《名医别录》:“芍药生中岳川谷及丘陵,二月、八月采根暴干。”
3、《本草从新》:“白芍药……白益脾,能于土中泻木,赤散邪,能血中之滞。赤白各随花色,单瓣者入药。”
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中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 2.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 3.  王国强.《全国中草药汇编》:人民卫生出版社,2014年2月
  • 4.  杨卫平.《临床常用中药手册》:贵州科技出版社,2001年1月第1版 2002年9月印刷
http://baike.baidu.com/view/283185.htm

TPG
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Statement
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
Peony, Chinese name. RANUNCULACEAE peony or Paeonia dried root. Spring and autumn excavation, removal of roots, fibrous roots and sediment, dry. Bitter, slightly cold. Owned by the liver. There Qingreliangxue, stasis effect. TPG is a famous wild authentic Chinese herbal medicines, the application has a long history, a larger amount, versatile and relatively rigid demand, every year a considerable number of exports.
Chinese scientific name TPG nickname wood peony, grass peony, red peony, Paeonia trichocarpa world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline Ranunculales Ranunculaceae families genera species peony peony distribution areas of northeast, north, Shaanxi and Gansu and other harvest time in spring and autumn-toxic, non-toxic amount of 6-12g
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 Contraindications processing methods Origin 12 11 10 physiological characteristics related discussion
Medicine site
Ranunculaceae peony or Paeonia dried root.
Taste
Bitter, slightly cold.
Meridian
Owned by the liver.
Effect
Qingreliangxue, Sanyu pain.
Indications
People camp for hot blood, warm spot poison, vomiting epistaxis, red eyes and throat, liver hypochondriac, amenorrhea dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain, addiction Jia, or flutter injury, carbuncles sore.
TPG fried: fried herbs to ease somewhat, Huoxuezhitong without injury, and can be used for stasis pain.
TPG wine: the blood stasis of wins, heat and cooling effect is weak. More for amenorrhea or dysmenorrhea, bruises.
Related Compatibility
1, and REHMANNIAE, rhubarb, Imperatae equivalent to use, can be used for blood heat spit bleed at the nose.
2, with honeysuckle, TCS, frankincense equivalent to use, can be used for toxic heat dampness, carbuncles sore.
3, and angelica root, Corydalis equivalent to use, can be used for blood stagnation amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, Zhengjia abdominal pain embolism.
Dosage
6-12g.
Taboo
Not the same with hellebore use. Deficiency careful service.
Processing Methods
Remove impurities, separate size, washed, run through, cut into thick slices and dried.
1, fried TPG: TPG to take tablets, set within preheat frying vessel, heat the mixture gently, stir-fry until the color deepened, remove and let cool, weed out the debris.
2, wine TPG: TPG take pieces, add wine and mix well, a little boring, until wine is exhaustion, set preheated frying container, heat the mixture gently, stir-fry until slightly brown, remove and let cool, weed out broken crumbs. (TPG 100Kg per piece, with wine 12kg.)
Physiological characteristics
Perennial herb, 40-1750px, hairless. Root hypertrophy, spindle-shaped or cylindrical, dark brown. Stems erect, upper branches. Flowering from May to June, fruiting from June to August. Peony hi light, drought. Peony plants in the year, with the rhythm of climate change, and produce the stage developmental changes. Mainly for alternating growth and dormancy period. Among light phase thermostage dormant and growth of most of the key. Thermostage peony, requiring at 0 ℃ low temperature, after about 40 days to complete. Then mixed bud before sprout growth. Paeonia long-day plant, the development of flower buds to blossom in long-day, after mixing buds, if the exposure time is insufficient or under short-day conditions generally only bloom or blossom leaves no exceptions.
Place of origin
1, peony: Located in the northeast, north, Shaanxi and Gansu. Cities and towns more cultivated.
2, Sichuan peony: distribution in Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Tibet and other places.
3, grass peony: Located in the northeast and Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.
Related discussion
1, "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic": "peony, bitter flat main evil abdominal pain, blood in addition to weakness, chills and fever broke Kennedy plot hernia Jia, born Agrestis pain ........"
2, "doctors do not record": "peony lifetime Yuechuan valley and the hills, in February, adopted in August storms root dry."
3, "new Materia Medica": "White peony ...... white spleen, diarrhea can be in the soil wood, red scattered evil, to the stagnation of the blood with the colors red and white each, univalve were medicine.."
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Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Red peony flowers
Red peony flowers (10)
Paeonia
Paeonia (5)
TPG sheet
TPG sheet (1)
Paeonia
Paeonia (1)
Paeonia
Paeonia (4)
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Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
2. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
3. Wang Guoqiang. "National Chinese herbal medicine": People's Health Publishing House, February 2014
4. Yang Weiping. "Commonly used in clinical medicine Manual": Guizhou Science and Technology Press, January 2001 1st edition September 2002 print














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