Home‎ > ‎Common Herbs 常用草藥‎ > ‎

黃柏 Phellodendron Bark (Phellodendri Cortex) Cork - Huang Bai

Click to get cool Animations for your MySpace profileSet 12 up AnimationSet 12 up Animation 


黄柏

 

(中药)

 锁定
黄柏(huáng bò),中药名。为芸香科植物黄皮树Phellodendron chinense Schneid.的干燥树皮。习称“川黄柏”。剥取树皮后,除去粗皮,晒干。
中文学名
黄柏
别    称
川黄柏
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
芸香目
芸香科
黄皮树
分布区域
四川、贵州、湖北、云南等地
采收时间
7月份
用    量
3~12g
贮    藏
置通风干燥处,防潮

生理特性

本品呈板片状或浅槽状,长宽不一,厚1~6mm。外表面黄褐色或黄棕色,平坦或具纵沟纹,有的可见皮孔痕及残存的灰褐色粗皮;内表面暗黄色或淡棕色,具细密的纵棱纹。体轻,质硬,断面纤维性,呈裂片状分层,深黄色。气微,味极苦,嚼之有黏性。

产 地

主产于四川、贵州、湖北、云南等地。

入药部位

植物的干燥树皮。

炮制方法

1、黄柏 除去杂质,喷淋清水,润透,切丝,干燥。
2、盐黄柏 取黄柏丝,照盐水炙法(附录ⅡD)炒干。
3、黄柏炭 取黄柏丝,照炒炭法(附录ⅡD)炒至表面焦黑色。

性 味

味苦,性寒。

归 经

肾、膀胱经。

功 能

有清热燥湿,泻火除蒸,解毒疗疮的功效。

主 治

用于湿热泻痢,黄疸尿赤,带下阴痒,热淋涩痛,脚气痿蹙,骨蒸劳热,盗汗,遗精,疮疡肿毒,湿疹湿疮。盐黄柏滋阴降火。用于阴虚火旺,盗汗骨蒸。

相关配伍

1、《伤寒论》:黄柏、栀子、甘草。治伤寒身黄发热。
2、《傅青主女科》:黄柏、山药、车前子、芡实、白果。治下焦湿热,白浊带下。
3、《傅青主女科》:黄柏、山药、车前子、芡实、白果。治下焦湿热,白浊带下。

用法用量

3~12g。外用适量。

禁 忌

本品苦寒伤胃,脾胃虚寒者忌用。

相关论述

《临床常用中药手册》:黄柏苦寒沉降,清热燥湿,泻火解毒力强,归肾、膀胱经,长于清下焦湿热。[1] 
[2-4] 
参考资料
  • 1.  杨卫平.《临床常用中药手册》:贵州科技出版社,2001年1月
  • 2.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 3.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2012年5月
  • 4.  王国强.《全国中草药汇编》:人民卫生出版社,2014年2月
http://baike.baidu.com/subview/21014/12818647.htm

Cork (TCM) 
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Cork (huáng bò), Chinese name. Rutaceae yellow tree Phellodendron chinense Schneid. The dried bark. Xi said "Sichuan Cork." After stripping the bark, bark is removed and dried.
Chinese scientific name Cork Nickname Phellodendron world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline rue. Branch Rutaceae yellow tree species distribution area of ​​Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, Yunnan, harvest time in July set the amount of 3 ~ 12g Storage dry air, moisture
Contents 1 Origin physiological characteristics 2 3 4 medicinal parts of the processing method of taste 5 6 Meridian 7 Function Compatibility 10 8 9 Related Indications Dosage Contraindications 12 11 related discussion
Physiological characteristics
This product was plate-like or shallow groove shape, length and width varying thickness 1 ~ 6mm. The outer surface of the brown or yellow-brown, flat or with longitudinal grooves, some visible marks and remnants of the gray-brown lenticels bark; surface inside a dark yellow or light brown, with fine longitudinal ribbing. Lightweight, hard, fibrous cross-section, showing cracked flaky layered, deep yellow. Gas micro, taste very bitter, chewing sticky.
Place of Origin
Mainly produced in Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, Yunnan and other places.
Medicine site
Dried bark of plants.
Processing Methods
1, Cork remove impurities, spray water, run through, cut and dried.
2, take the yellow salt Treats Lopez, according to brine Sunburn (Appendix ⅡD) fried dried.
3, take the yellow carbon Treats Lopez, according fried carbon method (Appendix ⅡD) fry surface coke black.
Taste
Bitter, cold.
Meridian
Kidney and bladder.
Features
There is heat and dampness, purging fire except steam, sore detoxification treatment efficacy.
Primary treatment
For heat dysentery, jaundice, red urine, vaginal discharge Yin Yang, hot shower astringent pain, beriberi atrophy Organisation, Gu Zheng labor hot, night sweats, nocturnal emission, sore swollen poison, eczema eczema. Salt Cork nourishing yin. For wang, Gu Zheng night sweats.
Related Compatibility
1, "Treatise on": Treats, gardenia, licorice. Treatment of typhoid fever yellow body.
2, "Fuqingzhunvke female subjects": Treats, yam, plantain seed, Gorgon, ginkgo. Under rule coke heat, whitish vaginal discharge.
3, "Fuqingzhunvke female subjects": Treats, yam, plantain seed, Gorgon, ginkgo. Under rule coke heat, whitish vaginal discharge.
Dosage
3 ~ 12g. Topical amount.
Taboo
This product is bitter cold Shang Wei, spleen Deficiency were hanged.
Related discussion
"Commonly used in clinical medicine Manual": Treats settlement bitter cold, heat and dampness, purging fire detoxification ability, return the kidney, bladder, longer clear under the coke heat. [1] 
[twenty four] 
Reference material
1. Yang Weiping. "Commonly used in clinical medicine Manual": Guizhou Science and Technology Press, January 2001
2. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
3. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2012
4. Wang Guoqiang. "National Chinese herbal medicine": People's Health Publishing House, February 2014


























Comments