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制半夏 Pinellia (Pinelliae Tuber) Fa Ban Xia

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制半夏 编辑
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制半夏是半夏的炮制加工品。用于痰多咳喘,痰饮眩悸,风痰眩晕,痰厥头痛。
中文名 制半夏 来    源 本品为半夏的炮制加工品 对    象 取净半夏,大小分开 方    式 另取甘草适量
目录1 药物简介 2 用法用量 3 中药典籍中的描述
药物简介编辑
【来源】本品为半夏的炮制加工品。
【制法】取净半夏,大小分开,用水浸泡至内无干心,取出;另取甘草适量,加水煎煮二次,合并煎液,倒入用适量水制成的石灰液中,搅匀,加入上述已浸透的半夏,浸泡,每日搅拌1~2次,并保持浸液pH值12以上,至剖面黄色均匀,口尝微有麻舌感时,取出,洗净,阴干或烘干,即得。每100kg净半夏,用甘草15kg、生石灰10kg。
【性状】本品呈类球形或破碎成不规则颗粒状。表面淡黄白色、黄色或棕黄色。质较松脆或硬脆,断面黄色或淡黄色,颗粒者质稍硬脆。气微,味淡略甘、微有麻舌感。
【鉴别】(1) 本品粉末淡黄色至黄色。照半夏项下的〔鉴别〕(1) 项试验,显相同的结果。
(2) 取本品粉末2g,加盐酸2ml,氯仿20ml,加热回流1 小时,放冷,滤过,滤液蒸干,残渣加无水乙醇0.5ml 使溶解,作为供试品溶液。另取甘草次酸对照品,加无水乙醇制成每1ml含1mg的溶液,作为对照品溶液。照薄层色谱法(附录Ⅵ B)试验,吸取供试品溶液5μl,对照品溶液2μl,分别点于同一以羧甲基纤维素钠为黏合剂的硅胶GF254薄层板上,以石油醚(30~60℃)-苯-醋酸乙酯-冰醋酸(10:20:7:0.5) 为展开剂,展开,取出,晾干,置紫外光灯(254nm) 下检视。供试品色谱中,在与对照品色谱相应的位置上,显相同的暗红色斑点。
用法用量编辑
【性味归经】辛、温。归脾、胃、肺经。
【功能主治】燥湿化痰。用于痰多咳喘,痰饮眩悸,风痰眩晕,痰厥头痛。
【用法用量】 3~9g。
【注意】不宜与乌头类药材同用。
【贮藏】置通风干燥处,防蛀。
中药典籍中的描述编辑
《本草害利》[1] 
〔害〕其性燥而辛温有毒。虽能祛湿分水实脾,及开寒湿气郁结痰,而其所忌者,惟阴
虚血 少,津液不足诸病,故古人有立禁者,谓血家渴家汗家是也。故凡一切吐血、衄血、齿衄、
舌 上出血、金疮,产后失血过多,尿血、便血、肾水真阴不足发渴,阳虚自汗,阴虚盗汗,内
热烦燥出汗诸症,皆当禁者也,三禁之外,应忌者尚多。兹更详列于后∶凡咳嗽由于阴虚,
而不由于湿痰寒饮;呕吐由于火动胃热,而不由于寒湿痰壅;饮食不化,由于脾阴不足,不
由于脾湿少运;呕哕眩悸,由于胃弱,不由于寒湿痰饮;霍乱腹胀,由于邪热客中焦,不由
于寒湿食滞;咽痛由于阴虚火炎,不由于伤寒;少阴病邪热不解气喘,由于气虚,不由于风
寒所郁;头痛由于血虚,不由于痰厥;不寐由于心经血少,不由于病后胆虚;如上诸症,法
所同禁。其误最易而难明者,医以其能去痰也,故凡见咳嗽,莫不先投。殊不知咳嗽吐痰,
寒热骨蒸,皆阴虚肺热,津液不足之候,误服则损其津液,而肺家愈燥,阴气愈虚,厚痰愈
结 ,必致声嗄而死。若合参术,祸不旋踵,盖以其本为脾胃药,而非肺肾药也。寒湿痰饮作咳
,属胃者固宜,然亦百之一二。其阴虚火炽,煎熬真阴,津液化为结痰,以致喉痒发咳者,
往往由之。故凡痰中带血,口渴咽干,阴虚咳嗽者,大忌。服之又有似中风痰壅失音偏枯拘
挛 及二便闭涩,血虚腹痛,于法并忌。犯之过多,则非药可救。孕妇服之,能损胎,若与参术
并行,但有开胃之功,亦不损胎。
〔利〕辛温,化痰,入肺、脾、胃。消痰燥湿,开胃健脾,宣通阴阳,和胃安卧,能坠
胎。 宋制半夏,性和而力亦逊。 戈制半夏,内有参附,治真中风,寒湿痰饮,立见奇功。近有仙露半夏。得七七仙露之 气, 用之甚可通和阴阳,若阴虚火炽,切勿妄投。生姜半夏曲,治浅近诸痰。 〔修治〕八月采根,曝干,浸七日,逐日换水,沥去涎切片,姜汁拌炒,以黄牛肉汁炼 膏, 即霞天膏,和半夏末为曲,名霞天曲。治沉 痼疾。造曲法,草庵七日,待生黄衣,悬挂风 处,愈久愈佳。
<目录>肺部药队\〔温肺次将〕
参考资料
1.  制半夏 《本草害利》  .中医古籍搜索[引用日期2012-09-18]

http://baike.baidu.com/view/1398037.htm

Pinellia editor
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Pinellia Pinellia concocted is processed. For phlegm cough, phlegm dizzy throbbing, vertigo wind phlegm, sputum Jue headache.
Chinese name Pinellia Pinellia concocted source product processed objects take the net Breit, size Another way to separate the right amount of licorice
Contents 1 Introduction 2 Drug Dosage 3 TCM classics description
Drug Profile Editor
[Source] This product ternata concocted processed.
[Method] take the net Breit, size apart, nothing to do with water soaked into the heart, remove; Another licorice amount, add boiling water twice, combined decoction, into the appropriate amount of water with lime was made, the mix , added to the already saturated Breit, soak, stirring for 1 to 2 times a day, and keep the pH value of 12 or more immersion to yellow uniform cross-section, tasting a slight sense of Ma tongue, remove, wash, dry or bake dry, that is, too. Per 100kg net Breit, with licorice 15kg, quicklime 10kg.
[Character] This product was broken into irregular spherical or granular. Surface yellowish white, yellow or brown. Quality than crunchy or hard and brittle, section yellow or light yellow, slightly brittle particles by mass. Gas micro, tasteless slightly sweet, slight sense of Ma tongue.
Identification (1) the product powder is light yellow to yellow. According Banxia under [Identification] (1) trial, which was the same result.
(2) to take this product powder 2g, add hydrochloric acid 2ml, chloroform 20ml, refluxed 1 hour, let cool, filtered, and the filtrate evaporated and the residue add ethanol 0.5ml dissolve, as the test solution. Another glycyrrhetinic acid reference substance, add ethanol produced per 1ml 1mg solution containing, as the reference solution. Thin layer chromatography (Appendix Ⅵ B) test, to learn the test solution 5μl, control solution 2μl, respectively, at the same point of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as a binder silica gel GF254 TLC plate with petroleum ether ( 30 ~ 60 ℃) - benzene - ethyl acetate - acetic acid (10: 20: 7: 0.5) as the agent, started out, drying, UV light (254nm), under review. Test products for chromatography, chromatography with reference substance corresponding position, was the same dark red spots.
Dosage editor
[Sexual flavor to the acrid, warm. Spleen, stomach, lung.
[Indications] dampness and phlegm. For phlegm cough, phlegm dizzy throbbing, vertigo wind phlegm, sputum Jue headache.
Dosage 3 ~ 9g.
[Note] not with Aconitum with the use of herbs.
[Storage] home ventilated and dry place, moth.
TCM classics description Edit
"Herbal harm profits" [1]
[Harm] their sexual dry and Xin Wen toxic. Although the spleen can trap dampness and phlegm stagnation damp cold start, but they avoid those, but overcast
Virtual less blood, body fluid deficiency of various diseases, so the ancients have been enacted ban on persons, that blood thirsty family home sweat home is also. Where it all hematemesis, epistaxis, teeth bleed,
Tongue bleeding, gold sores, excessive postpartum bleeding, hematuria, blood in the stool, kidney yin deficiency water really thirsty hair, Yang spontaneous, Yin sweats,
Sweating heat irritability Zhu Zheng, both when the ban were also three ban outside, should avoid those who are still more. Have more detailed in after: Where cough due to the deficiency,
Because of the wet cold drink without sputum; vomiting stomach because the fire moving without due dampness phlegm; diet is not based, due to the lack of spleen yin, not
Since the spleen wet little luck; vomiting hiccup dizzy throbbing, due Weiruo, not due to the cold phlegm; cholera bloating, due to the evil heat off the coke, help
In alpine stagnation; sore throat due to the deficiency Huo-yen, not due to the typhoid fever; Evils Shao heat understand asthma, because the deficiency, not due to wind
The Yu cold; headache due to the deficiency is not due sputum Jue; insomnia due to fewer heart blood, not because the disease after timid; as Zhu Zheng, France
The same ban. Misapplies the most vulnerable and difficult to understand who their doctors can Qutan also, so who see coughing, everyone to vote. As everyone knows cough spit,
Cold and heat Gu Zheng, all Deficiency Hyperactivity, lack of body fluid designate, swallowed the loss of body fluid, and lung home more dry, more yin deficiency, thick sputum more
Results will come to sound hoarse died. If the combination of all patients, not evil Immediately after, the cover of its being the stomach medicine, rather lung and kidney medicine also. Alpine cough phlegm for
, Who belongs to the stomach Gu Yi, then one has one hundred two. Huochi its deficiency, suffering really overcast, body fluid into a knot phlegm, itchy throat that made cough,
Often made of. Therefore, any bloody sputum, thirsty throat, Yin cough, taboo. Service of another stroke phlegm like aphonia Pianku arrest
Twin and two will be closed astringent, anemia, abdominal pain, and avoid the law. Too invading, the non-drug incorrigible. Pregnant clothes, can damage tires, if the reference technique
Parallel, but there are appetizers power, nor damage tires.
[Lee] Xin Wen, phlegm, lungs, spleen and stomach. Phlegm dampness, appetizers and spleen, Xuan Tong yin and yang, and stomach sleep peacefully, to fall
Tire. Song Pinellia, and while Rio also Johnson. Ge Pinellia, there Shenfu, governance really stroke, cold phlegm, Tatemi outstanding service. Near the immortal Lu Banxia. Lu was seventy-seven cents of the gas, can pass and even with the yin and yang, if the deficiency Huochi Never jump shot. Ginger Pinellia song, cure Qian Jin Zhu sputum. [August] Shuji mining roots, exposed dry, dip seven days, changing the water daily, Lek to saliva slices, ginger stir-fry, with cattle refining cream gravy, namely Xia day cream, and end Banxia for the song, the name of Xia days song. Shen cure ills. Qu law making, hermitage seven, to be born in yellow, hanging wind, the longer the more good.
<Directory> lung drug team \ [would] warm lung times
Reference material
1. Pinellia "Herbal harm profits." Chinese Medicine search [reference date 2012-09-18]








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