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虎杖 Polygonum Cuspidatum (Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma) Hu Zhang

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虎杖

 

(中药)

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声明
本词条可能涉及专业知识,中草药并非没有毒副作用,请遵医嘱服用,请勿轻信网上用药建议。
虎杖,中药名。为蓼科植物虎杖Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb.et Zucc.的干燥根茎和根。春、秋二季采挖,除去须根,洗净,趁鲜切短段或厚片,晒干。分布于西北、华东、华中、华南及西南等地。具有利湿退黄,清热解毒,散瘀止痛,止咳化痰的功效。用于湿热黄疸,淋浊,带下,风湿痹痛,痈肿疮毒,水火烫伤,经闭,症瘕,趺打损伤,肺热咳嗽。
中文学名
虎杖 
别    称
花斑竹、酸筒杆、酸汤梗、斑杖根、黄地榆 
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
蓼目
蓼科
虎杖属
虎杖
分布区域
西北、华东、华中、华南及西南
采收时间
春、秋二季采挖
用 量
9~15g
毒 性
无毒
贮 藏
置干燥处,防霉,防蛀

入药部位

植物的干燥根茎和根。

植物形态

  •  
    虎杖全株
    虎杖全株(4张)
  •  
  •  
    虎杖枝叶
    虎杖枝叶(1张)
  •  
  •  
    虎杖花果
    虎杖花果(2张)

性 味

味微苦,性微寒。

归 经

归肝、胆、肺经。

功 效

利湿退黄,清热解毒,散瘀止痛,止咳化痰。

主 治

用于湿热黄疸,淋浊,带下,风湿痹痛,痈肿疮毒,水火烫伤,经闭,症瘕,趺打损伤,肺热咳嗽。

相关配伍

1、治月经闭不通,结瘕,腹大如瓮,短气欲死:虎杖根百斤(去头去土,曝干,切)、土瓜根、牛膝各取汁二斗。上三味,以水一斛,浸虎杖根一宿,明日煎取二斗,内土瓜、牛膝汁,搅令调匀,煎令如饧。每以酒服一合,日再夜一。宿血当下,若病去,止服。(《千金方》)
2、治伤折,血瘀不散:虎杖(锉)二两,赤芍药(锉)一两。上二味,捣罗为散。每服三钱匕,温酒调下,不拘时候。(《圣济总录》虎杖散)
3、时疫流毒攻手足,肿痛欲断:用虎杖根锉,煮汁渍之。(《肘后方》)
4、月水不利:虎杖三两,凌霄花、没药一两。为末。热酒每服一钱。又方:治月经不通,腹大如瓮,气短欲死:虎杖一斤(去头曝干,切),土瓜根汁、牛膝汁二斗。水一斛,浸虎杖一宿,煎取二斗,入二汁,同煎如饧。每酒服一合,日再夜一,宿血当下。(《圣惠方》)

用法用量

9~15g。外用适量,制成煎液或油膏涂敷。

禁 忌

孕妇慎用。

炮制

采集加工

春、秋二季采挖,除去须根,洗净,趁鲜切短段或厚片,晒干。

炮制方法

除去杂质,洗净,润透,切厚片,干燥。

生理特性

多年生灌木状草本,高达1m以上。根茎横卧地下,木质,黄褐色,节明显。茎直立,圆柱形,丛生,无毛,中空,散生紫红色斑点。叶互生;叶柄短;托叶鞘膜质,褐色,早落;叶片宽卵形或卵状椭圆形,长6-12cm,宽5-9cm,先端急尖,基部圆形或楔形,全缘,无毛。花单性,雌雄异株,成腋生圆锥花序;花梗细长,上部有翅;花被5深裂,裂片2轮,外轮3片,在果时增大,背部生翅;雄花雄蕊8,雌花花柱3,柱头头状。瘦果椭圆形,有3棱,黑褐色。花期6~8月。果期9~10月。

药材性状

本品多为圆柱形短段或不规则厚片,长1~175px,直径0.5~62.5px。外皮棕褐色,有纵皱纹和须根痕,切面皮部较薄,木部宽广,棕黄色,射线放射状,皮部与木部较易分离。根茎髓中有隔或呈空洞状。质坚硬。气微,味微苦、涩。

生长环境

多生于山沟、溪边、林下阴湿处。分布于西北、华东、华中、华南及西南等地。

相关论述

1、《本草纲目》:研末酒服,治产后瘀血血痛,及坠扑昏闷有效。
2、《名医别录》:主通利月水,破流血症结。
3、《滇南本草》:攻诸肿毒,止咽喉疼痛,利小便,走经络。治五淋白浊,痔漏,疮痈,妇人赤白带下。
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中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 2.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 3.  王国强.《全国中草药汇编》:人民卫生出版社,2014年2月
  • 4.  中科院“中国植物志”编辑委员会.《中国植物志》:科学出版社,2013年9月
  • 5.  南京中医药大学.《中药大辞典》:上海科学技术出版社,2006年
http://baike.baidu.com/item/%E8%99%8E%E6%9D%96/405808

Polygonum cuspidatum (TCM) Lock
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Statement
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
Polygonum cuspidatum, Chinese name. Polygonaceae plant Polygonum cuspidatum Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb.et Zucc. The dried rhizome and roots. Spring and autumn excavation, removal of fibrous roots, washed, while fresh chopped segments or thick slices and dried. Located in the northwest, east, central, southern and southwestern other places. Having dampness jaundice, detoxification, Sanyu pain, cough and phlegm. For heat jaundice, pouring muddy, vaginal discharge, rheumatism, sore carbuncles, water and fire burns, amenorrhea, Zheng Jia, instep fight damage, Hyperactivity cough.
Chinese scientific name Polygonum cuspidatum nickname flowers Bamboo, acid ram rod, sour terrier, spot stick root, yellow Burnet world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline head families Polygonaceae Polygonum genus Polygonum cuspidatum Polygonum cuspidatum species distribution area northwest, east , central, southern and southwestern harvest time in spring, autumn excavation 9 ~ 15g toxic non-toxic amount of storage in a dry place, mildew, moth
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 concocted taboo ▪ ▪ gathering and processing physiological characteristics of processing methods 10 11 12 Growth Environment 13 medicinal properties related discussion
Medicine site
Dried rhizomes and roots of plants.
Plant morphology

China Plant Image Library (Institute of Botany) provide and co-edited
 
Whole plant Polygonum cuspidatum
Polygonum cuspidatum whole plant (4)
 
 
Polygonum cuspidatum leaves
Polygonum cuspidatum foliage (1)
 
 
Polygonum cuspidatum fruit
Polygonum cuspidatum fruit (2)
Taste
Taste slightly bitter, slightly cold.
Meridian
In the liver, gall bladder, lung.
Efficacy
Dampness jaundice, detoxification, Sanyu pain, cough and phlegm.
Primary treatment
For heat jaundice, pouring muddy, vaginal discharge, rheumatism, sore carbuncles, water and fire burns, amenorrhea, Zheng Jia, instep fight damage, Hyperactivity cough.
Related Compatibility
1, cure menstrual closed barrier, knot Jia, belly as big as urns, short breath ąýÚ: Polygonum cuspidatum root pounds (go head to soil, exposed dry, cut), Kwa root, Achyranthes juice second bucket. On the shamisen, a Gok water, dip Polygonum cuspidatum root night, tomorrow Jianqu two bucket inside Kwa, Achyranthes juice, stir and mix thoroughly to make fried so as Xing. Each serving a wine together, day and then a night. Places blood the moment, if the disease go, stop service. ("Qian Jin Fang")
2, wounded fold, blood stasis lingers: Polygonum cuspidatum (file) twenty-two, TPG drugs (file) twelve. Two flavor, Luo as a casual pound. Each serving three money dagger, warm wine notes, the informal time. ("San Franciscans overall record," San Polygonum cuspidatum)
3, pernicious epidemic of hand, foot tapping, throat Yuduan: The Polygonum cuspidatum root file, broth stains. ("Rear elbow")
4, on the water unfavorable: Polygonum cuspidatum two or three, Campsis, myrrh twelve. For the end. Each serving a money hot wine. Another side: cure menstrual nowhere, belly as big as urns, shortness of breath ąýÚ: Polygonum cuspidatum pound (go head exposed dry, cut), Kwa root juice, juice achyranthes second bucket. Gok water, dip Polygonum cuspidatum night, Jianqu two bucket, into two juice, such as Xing Tong Jian. Each serving a wine together, day and then a night, places blood present. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
Dosage
9 ~ 15g. Topical amount, made of fried coating solution or ointment.
Taboo
Pregnant women with caution.
Processing
Acquisition and processing

Spring and autumn excavation, removal of fibrous roots, washed, while fresh chopped segments or thick slices and dried.
Processing Methods

Remove impurities, washed, run through, cut into thick slices and dried.
Physiological characteristics
Shrubby perennial herb, up to 1m or more. Lying underground rhizomes, wood, brown, section significantly. Stems erect, cylindrical, tufted, hairless, hollow, scattered purple spots. Leaves alternate; petiole short; ocrea membranous, brown, caducous; leaf blade broadly ovate or ovate-elliptic, 6-12cm, width 5-9cm, apex acute, base rounded or wedge-shaped, entire, without hair. Flowers unisexual, dioecious, as axillary panicles; peduncle slender, the upper winged; perianth 5-parted, lobes 2, the outer ring 3, increases in fruit, the back wing students; male stamens 8, female Styles 3, stigma head-shaped. Achenes oval, three ribs, black-brown. Flowering from June to August. Fruit of 9 to 10 months.
Medicinal properties
This product is mostly short cylindrical segment or irregular thick slices, long 1 ~ 175px, diameter 0.5 ~ 62.5px. Skin brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and fibrous scar, cut dough portion is thinner, Kibe broad, brown, rays radially, the sheath and Kibe easily separated. There rhizome marrow compartment or in hollow shape. Quality hard. Gas micro, taste bitter, astringent.
Growth Environment
Many born ravine, creek, forest, wet places. Located in the northwest, east, central, southern and southwestern other places.
Related discussion
1, "Compendium of Materia Medica": powder wine service, treatment of postpartum blood stasis pain, nausea and fall faint flutter effective.
2, "doctors do not record": the main Tom Lee on the water, breaking the crux bloodshed.
3, "Southern Yunnan Materia Medica": all swollen poison attack, stop throat pain, diuresis, go meridian. Rule Wulin gonorrhea, anal fistula, carbuncle, woman vaginal discharge.
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Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Polygonum cuspidatum
Polygonum cuspidatum (6)
Polygonum cuspidatum
Polygonum cuspidatum (5)
Whole plant Polygonum cuspidatum
Polygonum cuspidatum whole plant (4)
Polygonum cuspidatum leaves
Polygonum cuspidatum leaves (1)
Polygonum cuspidatum fruit
Polygonum cuspidatum fruit (2)
Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
2. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
3. Wang Guoqiang. "National Chinese herbal medicine": People's Health Publishing House, February 2014
4. CAS "Flora of China" by the Editorial Committee. "Flora of China": Science Press, September 2013
5. Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. "Chinese Dictionary": Shanghai Science and Technology Press, 2006













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