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防风 Siler (Ledebouriellae Radix) Fang Feng

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防风

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声明
本词条可能涉及专业知识,中草药并非没有毒副作用,请遵医嘱服用,请勿轻信网上用药建议。
防风,中药名。别名铜芸、回云、回草、百枝、百种。是一种药草的名字,多年生草本植物,其喜凉爽气候,耐寒,耐干旱,主产于河北、黑龙江、四川、内蒙古等地。防风的根可生用。味辛、甘,性微温。有祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉的功效。
中文学名
防风
别    称
铜芸、回草、百枝
植物界
被子植物门
双子叶植物纲
伞形目
伞形科
防风属
防风
分布区域
东北、华北及陕西、甘肃、宁夏、山东等
采收时间
春、秋二季
用    量
5-10g
毒    性
无毒

入药部位

伞形科植物防风的根。

植物形态

  •  
    防风全株
    防风全株(5张)
  •  
  •  
    防风根茎
    防风根茎(1张)
  •  
  •  
    防风枝叶
    防风枝叶(1张)
  •  
  •  
    防风花果
    防风花果(3张)

性味

味辛、甘,性微温。

归经

归膀胱、肺、脾、肝经。

功效

祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉。

主治

用于外感表证,风疹瘙痒,风湿痹痛,破伤风正,脾虚湿盛。

相关配伍

1、治一切眼疾:蕤仁(去油)三钱,甘草、防风各六钱,黄连五钱,以三味熬取浓汁,次下蕤仁膏,日点。(孙氏《集效方》)
2、骨蒸烦热及一切虚劳烦热,大病后烦热,并用地仙散:地骨皮二两,防风一两,甘草(炙)半两。每用五钱,生姜五片,水煎服。(《济生方》)
3、小便淋涩:三物木防己汤∶用木防己、防风、葵子各二两。 咀。水五升,煮二升半,分三服。(《千金方》)

用法用量

内服:煎汤,5-10克。外用:适量,煎水熏洗。

禁忌

阴血亏虚、热病动风者不宜使用;血虚发痉、阴虚火旺者慎用。

炮制方法

除去残茎,用水浸泡,捞出,润透切片,晒干。

生理特性

防风为多年生草本,高30-2000px。根粗壮,长圆柱形,有分枝,淡黄桂冠色,根斜上升,与主茎近等长,有细棱。花期8-9月,果期9-10月。其喜凉爽气候,耐寒,耐干旱。宜选阳光充足,土层深厚,疏松肥沃、排水良好的砂质壤土栽培,不宜在酸性大,粘性重的土壤中种植。

产地

东北、华北及陕西、甘肃、宁夏、山东等地。

相关论述

1、《本草纲目》:“三十六般风,去上焦风邪,头目滞气,经络留湿,一身骨节痛。除风去湿仙药。”[1] 
2、《药类法象》:“治风通用。泻肺实,散头目中滞气,除上焦邪。”
3、《本草求原》:“解乌头、芫花、野菌诸热药毒。”
[2-4] 

中药学·相关科技名词

其他名词

参考资料
  • 1.  李时珍.《本草纲目》:中国言实出版社,2012年版
  • 2.  国家药典委员会.《中华人民共和国药典》:中国医药科技出版社,2010年版
  • 3.  高学敏.《中药学》:中国中医药出版社,2007年5月
  • 4.  杨卫平.《临床常用中药手册》:贵州科技出版社,2001年1月第1版 2002年9月印刷
http://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%98%B2%E9%A3%8E

Windproof 
This entry transformation and standardization to promote the project by the pharmaceutical terminology outcome State Administration of Traditional Chinese / Chinese Medical Science and Technology Development Center offers.
Statement
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
Windproof, Chinese name. Alias ​​copper Yun, goes back to back the grass, one hundred, one hundred kinds. Is the name of an herb, perennial herb, its hi cool climate, cold, drought-resistant, mainly produced in Hebei, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Inner Mongolia and other places. The root can be generated by wind. Spicy, sweet, slightly warm. Qufeng solution form, wins wet analgesic, antispasmodic effect.
Chinese scientific name windproof nickname copper Yun, back to grass, one hundred world Flora door Door Gang angiosperms dicotyledons outline apiales Umbelliferae families genera species windproof wind distribution area northeast, north and Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Shandong harvest time in spring and autumn the amount of 5-10g toxic toxicity
Contents 1 medicine site 2 Taste 3 efficacy Meridian 4 5 6 Related Indications Dosage Compatibility 7 8 9 Contraindications processing methods Origin 12 11 10 physiological characteristics related discussion
Medicine site
UMBELLIFERAE wind roots.
Plant morphology

China Plant Image Library (Institute of Botany) provide and co-edited
 
Windproof whole plant
Windproof whole plant (5)
 
 
Wind rhizome
Wind rhizome (1)
 
 
Wind foliage
Wind foliage (1)
 
 
Wind fruit
Wind fruit (3)
Taste
Spicy, sweet, slightly warm.
Meridian
Go bladder, lung, spleen, liver.
Effect
Qufeng solution form, wins wet analgesic, antispasmodic.
Indications
For exogenous table card, rubella itching, rheumatism, tetanus positive, spleen wet Sheng.
Related Compatibility
1, cure all diseases of the eye: Rui Ren (to oil) three money, licorice, wind six money, Coptis five money, in order to take gravy boil shamisen, once under Rui Ren cream, day points. (Sun "collection efficiency side")
2, Gu Zheng Fanre and all consumptive Fanre Fanre after a serious illness, and land cents scattered: Digupi twenty-two, a couple of wind, licorice (Sunburn) two and a half. Each with five money, ginger, five, decoction. ("Ji Sheng Fang")
3, urine poured astringent: three objects wood fangchi soup: wood Menispermaceae, wind, sunflower twenty-two. Tsui. Five liters of water, boil two liters and a half, three points. ("Qian Jin Fang")
Dosage
Oral: Jiantang, 5-10 grams. Topical: the amount, Jianshui Fumigation.
Taboo
Yin deficiency, fever moving air should not be used; deficiency hair spasm, wang caution.
Processing Methods
Remove residual stems, soaked in water, remove, run through sliced ​​and dried.
Physiological characteristics
Wind is a perennial herb, 30-2000px. Root stout, long cylindrical, branching, pale Huang Guiguan color, root oblique rise, and stem nearly as long, thin edge. Flowering from August to September, the fruit of September to October. Its hi cool climate, cold, drought-resistant. Should choose sunny, deep soil, loose and fertile, well-drained sandy loam cultivation, should not be planted in acidic large, viscous heavy soil.
Place of origin
Northeast China, North China and Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Shandong and other places.
Related discussion
1, "Compendium of Materia Medica": "Thirty-six like the wind, go on coke Feng Xie, head of stagnant air, the meridian stay wet, one joint pain in addition to the wind dehumidification Xianyao.." [1]
2, "like drug class method": "General rule Xiefei real wind, scattered leader in stagnation gas, in addition to the focus of evil.."
3, "Materia Medica seeking original": "solution Aconitum, Daphne, mushroom various hot drug toxicity."
[twenty four] 
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures
Entry pictures (1)
Windproof whole plant
Windproof whole plant (5)
Wind rhizome
Wind rhizome (1)
Wind foliage
Wind foliage (1)
Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
Other terms
Reference material
1. Li. "Compendium of Materia Medica": China Yanshi Press, 2012 edition
2. National Pharmacopoeia Commission. "People's Republic of China Pharmacopoeia": Chinese Medical Science and Technology Publishing House, 2010 edition
3. Gao Min. "Pharmacy": Chinese Medicine Press, May 2007
4. Yang Weiping. "Commonly used in clinical medicine Manual": Guizhou Science and Technology Press, January 2001 1st edition September 2002 print







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