1. 降血压作用 蔓荆子有明显的降压作用, 其降压作用与兴奋中枢诱导的副交感神经系统有关．实验证明: 单叶蔓荆水提取物有降低兔血压的作用, 该作用可被阿托品、氯异吲哚胺（Chlorisondamine）对抗, 被毒扁豆碱增强, 甜菜甙元（Betanidine）稍加强之, 但不受心得安或赛庚啶（Cyproheptadine）的影响。
3. 其他作用 蔓荆子水煎浸膏在体外对结核杆菌有抑制作用．对孤儿病毒亦有抑制作用．蔓荆子提取物有强抗凝作用, 在体外能显著延长牛凝血酶凝聚人体纤维蛋白原时间．蔓荆子的祛痰作用优于牡荆油；亦有明显的平喘作用和增强小鼠体质的作用。
Vitex (Verbenaceae plant single leaf vitex fruit) Edit
This entry may involve expertise is not no toxic side effects of Chinese herbal medicine, prescribed medication, please, do not believe drugs online recommendations.
English Name: FRUCTUS VITITCIS. Alias: Vitex real, Jing son, Wan Jing son, vine young children, vitex, white back fungus, small beans vine, white leeward, white back grass. Source Verbenaceae plant single leaf vitex fruit. Born on the sea, lake and river beaches. Production of Shandong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian.
Chinese name Latin name Vitex Vitex trifolia Linn. Var. Trifolia aka white back fungus, white back Yang, water spill, white circles Flora door Jing Gang angiosperm Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Dicotyledon subclass gamopetalous subclass Sympetalae mesh tubular flower head Tubiflorae families Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Vitex subfamily subfamily Viticoideae family clan VITICEAE genus Vitex Vitex Vitex distribution area of Shandong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian
Contents 1 Morphology 2 habitat 3 4 cultivation techniques for the distribution of reproductive technology ▪ ▪ 5 field management major role ▪ pharmaceutical ▪ ▪ 6 other edible nutrition knowledge
Morphological characteristics editor
Deciduous shrubs, rarely small tree, 1.5-5 m high, fragrant;
Twigs four prism, dense Soft hair. Usually three compound leaves, sometimes on collateral may have a single leaf, petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate, obovate or oblong, 2.5-9 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, top blunt or short tip, base cuneate, entire, surface green, glabrous or slightly pubescent, abaxially densely gray hair, lateral veins ca. 8 pairs, two slightly elevated, leaflets sessile or sometimes cast into the base of the intermediate lobule Brachypodium ʱ??
Inflorescence terminal, 3-15 cm long, peduncle densely gray hair; calyx bell-shaped, the top 5-lobed, outside tomentose; corolla purple or blue-purple, 6-10 mm long, hairy outside and throat within the corolla tube have more dense villous, apex 5-lobed, 2-lipped, lower lip large middle lobes; stamens 4, extending corolla; ovary glabrous, densely glandular dots; style glabrous, stigma 2-lobed ʱ??
Drupe nearly circular, diameter of about 5 mm, black when ripe; calyx persistent fruit, outside gray hair. Flowering in July, fruiting from September to November. 
Growth Environment Editor
Adaptability, strict requirements on the environmental conditions. But hi warm and humid, with loose soil, fertile sandy loam is better. Salinity, poor growth on acidic soils.
Production of Shandong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi. 
Cultivation Technical Editor
Cultivation techniques may be sowing, cuttings, layering, division propagation and other methods, but mainly cutting propagation. 
Cutting Propagation: spring and autumn can be carried out, but in spring cuttings as well. In late March or late September, clipping a biennial robust
Branches, whichever is the middle, cut grow 20-30cm cuttings with 2-3 section; by 6cm × 15cm spacing insert seedbed; nursery period should be watered frequently to keep the seedbed moist, and appropriate dressing. Autumn cuttings in early April next spring transplanting; the year in spring and autumn planting cuttings. 
Seed propagation: real maturity in the fall harvest, and 2-fold the wet sand mix, piling cool ventilated room, on April the following year, in mid-sowing, rub the fruit to shell, with 35-40 ℃ warm water day and night, remove and a little dry, and the ashes mixed manure mix, drilling in the seedbed, sowing the first 1hm2 75-105kg, seedling pay attention to watering, proper dressing, then in the spring breeding, seedling year high 30-40cm, autumn planting. 
Layering: 5 - June, the election of a biennial robust long sticks, with wavy layering, every 40-50cm buried in the soil, depth of about 15cm, compaction. After grow adventitious roots, planted segmentation fault with root colonization. 
Division propagation: in early April or late July, with the digging with the plant. Planting in the fall or spring, before the leaves to sprout after the plants were, according to the spacing of 1m × 1.3m open hole, Shi farmyard manure and soil mix, planted 2-3 plants per hole, backfill compaction, irrigated. 
1 after planting - two years before the spring bud, June and production relations after the deciduous weeding once each winter combined cultivator earth. Dressing in the first two years after planting to Shi Ren Chufen water main, section 3, after four years to bear fruit, should be added to compost and fertilizer, fertilizer twice a year, the first time before flowering, 2nd after pruning In flowering can be sprayed with a 1% aqueous solution of calcium phosphate 1-2 times. In the low-lying area, attention should exclude water during the rainy season. Winter dormant period, should be cut off branches, the elderly and branches, worms branches and resettlement long branch, the growth of many years of recession growing plants should be carried out
Row update, namely at 30cm from the ground all the old branches cut off, increased fertilizer and promoting robust multiple new branches. When the new shoots grow to 1m tall, topping a timely manner, the branches are too high to be bent branches, which can promote multiple new branches, more fruit. 
Acquisition and processing
After 3 planting seed propagation - 4 years results after transplanting 2 Cutting Propagation - 3 years results in early July to late October mature fruit after another, should mature side edge picking first in the room stacked 3-4d, then stalls open drying or drying, to weed out the branch, cleanse impurities Serve. 
The main role of editor
1. hypotensive effect Viticis have significant antihypertensive effect, its antihypertensive effect and excitement induced by the parasympathetic nervous system central related. Experimental results show: a single leaf vitex water extract of rabbit blood pressure lowering effect, the effect can be atropine, chlorine isoindole amine (Chlorisondamine) confrontation, is enhanced physostigmine, beet aglycone (Betanidine) slightly strengthening of, but not propranolol or affect cyproheptadine (Cyproheptadine) of.
2. analgesic, anti-inflammatory effects of single leaf vitex fruit methanol extract of mouse acetic acid writhing inhibition; also enhanced mouse hot plate induced pain
The pain threshold and rat carrageenan inflammatory pain, pain threshold; mice fed on mouse peritoneal capillary permeability has a certain extent.
3. Other action Viticis decoction extract of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro inhibition. Orphans also inhibited virus. Vitex extract has strong anticoagulant effect in vitro can significantly prolong the bovine thrombin Human fibrinogen coagulation time. Expectorant effect Vitex Vitex is better than oil; there is an apparent asthma in mice enhanced the role and the role of physical fitness. 
1, for the common cold, headache, head wind. This product can be scattered wind Sheen, slightly cold heat, light up, the main bulk of the evil head, face, have chills and pain effect, with the governance of exogenous wind-heat, headache, dizziness, often with chrysanthemum, mint equated with headache head wind often with white terrestris root, Uncaria equated with.  rule pathogenic wind-induced red eyes and throat, head dark, often with chrysanthemum root, cassia and other compatible applications. 
Vitex for wind-heat-induced headache,; for head wind headache disorders, but also with the goods ligustilide, Chuanxiong application compatibility.
2, for the red eyes and throat, head faint more tears. This product can evacuation wind-heat, clearing leader, it can cure wind-heat upside, red eyes and throat, head faint more tears, often with
Vitex - Characters
Vitex - Characters
Chrysanthemum, cicada, gentian equated with; the product potency ascending, clearing leader, and Astragalus, Codonopsis, white peony root equated with, but also with the governance of Qing Yang does not rise, head of Health Yi Zhang, tinnitus and deafness embolism, such as benefits Gas smart soup. 
3, the treatment of chronic bronchitis: Populus leaves made with different formulations were observed in 1115 cases in different seasons, an average efficiency of around 88%, effective rate is around 52%. Of cough, phlegm, dyspnea, are effective, but somewhat less asthma role; more time to take effect after taking the drug for 3 to 5 days. Deficiency type of good effect, Dryness type followed, phlegm type poor. Elderly higher treatment efficacy. The more the better short duration effect.
Dosage and usage: a 1: 2 syrup 3 times a day, each 10 ml. Second, an intramuscular injection once a day, every 1 ml (2 g crude drug). Three extract Maruichi 10 each, 3 times a day (daily total of 25 grams fairly crude drug); in some cases simultaneously with injections or add services thesium (every 5 money, after brewing 3 service points) ʱ?? Preliminary observation, no significant difference in the efficacy of various formulations.
Side effects: no serious side effects, only a minority of patients with stomach discomfort, dry mouth, diarrhea, facial swelling and other mild reactions, individual rash; generally were mild, does not affect the treatment. 
For the crowd
Stomach empty and feeble were careful service.
Vitex therapeutic effect:
1, spicy, bitter, slightly cold. In the lungs, bladder, liver. L scattered light.
2, evacuation wind-heat, clearing leader, dehumidification at joints. Indications exogenous headache, prejudiced head wind, fainting head dark, red eyes and more tears, intraocular eye pain, gingival swelling, wet Bi Spasm.
Recipe: Viticis 200 g, 500 g wine.
Vitex Method: the drug mashed, with Jiujin in Jingping, 7 days, to the residue spare.
Indications: exogenous wind-heat-induced dizziness, headache and migraine.
Usage: Each Xu drink 10-15 ml, 3 times a day.
Specifications: 70 * 45, filler: Viticis 100%, Fabric: 100% cotton.
Vitex Pillows (16)
Health Principle: Vitex, evacuation wind-heat, clearing leader.
1, long-term adherence night pillow with health better.
2, pillow and pillowcase should always wash, sun, change.
3, the pillow can not wash non-exposure, can be dry.
Nutritional knowledge Edit
Vitex knowledge introduction:
This product verbena plants Vitex Vitex Jing and ripe fruit. Autumn harvest ripe fruit, remove impurities, and dried.
Vitex fruit spherical diameter of 4-6 mm, surface brown or dark brown, gray-white powder hair cream, there are four vertical shallow trench, top dimples, have style marks, the lower part calyx and short stalk, Calyx package is the fruit of 1/3 to 2/3, apex 5-toothed lobed, often split into two on one side, densely covered with hairs, lightweight, quality tough not broken. Cross section peel sallow, there are brown dots arranged in a ring. Room 4, one seed per room, Seeds yellow-white, rich oil. Gas aromatic specificity, tasteless slightly acrid, slightly bitter. In tablets plump, fragrant air better.
Vitex Supplementary information:
This product is based on different processing methods into Viticis, fried Vitex, Vitex charcoal, Dry storage vessel after processing, fried Viticis closed, cool and dry place.
Vitex for the crowd:
Stomach empty and feeble were careful service.
Vitex therapeutic effect:
Spicy, bitter, slightly cold. In the lungs, bladder, liver. L scattered light.
Evacuation of wind-heat, clearing leader, dehumidification at joints. Indications exogenous headache, prejudiced head wind, fainting head dark, red eyes and more tears, intraocular eye pain, gingival swelling, wet Bi Spasm.
Vitex practice guidance:
Feel the wind for heat-induced headache, often associated with clinical windproof, chrysanthemum, gypsum and other compatible applications; for head wind headache disorders, but also with the goods ligustilide, Chuanxiong application compatibility. Governance pathogenic wind-induced red eyes and throat, head dark, often with chrysanthemum root, cassia and other compatible applications.
Atlas Atlas more
Entry pictures (7)
Vitex Pillows (16)
Molecular Structure (2)
Vitex flavin original form Figure
Vitex flavin original form chart (5)
Plant sources (2)
Pharmacy · Related Tech Terms
Medicinal herbs ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ fresh authentic ingredients medicine ▪ natural medicine
▪ ▪ collect and harvest production processing ▪ ▪ ▪ wither period of germination
▪ Storage ▪ drying ▪ dry season ▪ ▪ drying
Moth mildew ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ swap ▪ weeping original plant identification
▪ original animal identification ▪ original mineral identification based source identification ▪ ▪ ▪ rhizome root
Leaves skin ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Fruit ▪ flower seeds
Characters Description whole plant ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ the size of the surface characteristics of shape
Color and texture ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ section fracture surface features ▪ chrysanthemum heart
1. Vitex. Flora of China [reference date 2014-01-24]
2. Viticis. Medical Education Network [reference date 2013-10-23]
3. Viticis cultivation techniques. Food Science and Technology Network [reference date 2013-12-16]
4. Viticis cultivation techniques. Medical Education Network [reference date 2013-10-23]
5. Viticis cultivated. Medical Education Network [reference date 2013-10-23]
6. Viticis pharmacological effects. Medical Education Network [reference date 2013-10-23]
7. Viticis. Wen Kang network [reference date 2013-12-16]
8. Viticis plant property. Medical Education Network [reference date 2013-10-23]